16th century

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The Battle of Lepanto (August)
Michelangelo begins sculpting David and The Madonna of Bruges
Death of Arthur Tudor (April 2)
The Battle of Ruvo (February 23)
The Battle of Cerignola (April 21)
The Battle of Garigliano (December 29)
Death of Henry VII of England (April 21)
The Battle of Agnadello (May 14)
Henry VIII of England weds Catherine of Aragon (June 11)
Coronation of Henry VIII of England (June 28)
The Siege of Padua (July 17)
The Battle of Polesella (December 22)


Death of the first Henry, Duke of Cornwall (February 11)
Birth of Giorgio Vasari (July 30)
The Battle of Ravenna (April 11)
The Battle of St. Mathieu (August 10)
Jorge Álvares reaches China (May)
The Battle of Novara (June 6)
The Battle of Guinegate (August 16)
James IV of Scotland dies at the Battle of Flodden Field (September 9); coronation of James V (September 21)
The Battle of La Motta (October 7)
The Battle of Orsha (September 8)
Birth and death of the second Henry, Duke of Cornwall (December)
Birth of Anne of Cleves (September 22)
Birth of Mary I of England (February 18)
The War of Urbino
Birth of Catherine de' Medici (April 13)
Death of Leonardo da Vinci (May 2)
Departure of Magellan's voyage to circumnavigate the Earth


Death of Magellan (April 27)
The Battle of Pamplona (May 20)
The Battle of Esquiroz (June 30)
The Siege of Mézières
Suleiman captures the fort at Belgrade and razes most of the city to the ground (August 28)
The Siege of Tournai
The Siege of Genoa (May 20-30)
The Siege of Marseille (August-September)
The Peasants' War (1524-May 15, 1525)
Francis I of France signs the Treaty of Madrid, surrendering France's claims to Italy, Flanders, and Burgundy
The Battle of Mohács (August 29)
The Siege of Florence (1529-1530)


Death of Babur (December 26)
Birth of William the Silent (April 24)
Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry VIII of England (July)
The Battle of Gavinana
Birth of Elizabeth I of England (September 7)
Henry II of France weds Catherine de' Medici (October 28)
The First Act of Supremacy (November)
The Treasons Act
The First Succession Act
The Conquest of Tunis
John Fisher executed (June 22)
Thomas More executed (July 6)
Henry VIII of England weds Jane Seymour (May 30)
William Tyndale executed (September 6)
The Pilgrimage of Grace (October)
Birth of Lady Jane Grey
Birth of Edward VI of England (October 12)
Death of Jane Seymour (October 24)


Marriage of Henry VIII of England and Anne of Cleves annulled (July 9)
Henry VIII of England weds Catherine Howard (July 28)
The Battle of Haddon Rig (August 24)
The Battle of Solway Moss (November 24)
Birth of Mary I of Scotland (December 8)
Death of James V of Scotland (December 14)
Coronation of Mary I of Scotland (September 9)
Henry VIII of England weds Catherine Parr (July 12)
The Siege of Nice (August)
The Battle of Ceresole (April 11)
The Battle of Serravalle (June 2)
The Siege of St. Dizier
The Siege of Boulogne (July 19-September 18)
  • 1545: The first English book on archery, Toxophilus: The School of Shooting by Ascham, is published
The Battle of Ancrum Moor (February 27)
The Battle of the Solent (July 18-19)
The Council of Trent (1545-1563)
Coronation of Edward VI of England (February 20)
Coronation of Henry II of France (July 10)
The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh (September 10)


The Valladolid debate (1550-1551)
Coronation of Lady Jane Grey
Coronation of Mary I of England (October 1)
Birth of Sebastian I of Portugal (June 11)
Philip II of Spain weds Mary I of England (July 25)
The Battle of Marciano (August 2)
The Battle of Renty (August 12)
John Rogers executed (February 4)
Laurence Saunders executed (February 8)
Rowland Taylor executed (February 9)
John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, executed (February 9)
Death of Anne of Cleves (September 22)
The Battle of Gravelines (July 13)
Death of Mary I of England (November 17)
The Second Act of Supremacy
Philip II of Spain appoints William the Silent as stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, and Burgundy
The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis is signed by Elizabeth I of England, Henry II of France, and Philip II of Spain (April 2-3)
Death of Henry II of France (July 10)
The Revolt of the Northern Earls


Death of Francis II of France (December 5)
Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion established
John Foxe's Book of Martyrs published by John Day
Death of Michelangelo (February 18)
Birth of William Shakespeare (April)
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley weds Mary I of Scotland (July 29)
The Chaseabout Raid (August 26)
The colony at St. Augustine founded (September 8)
Birth of James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (June 19)
The Battle of Szigetvar (August 6-September 8)
Death of Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire
Death of Diane de Poitiers (April 25)
The Battle of Oosterweel (March 13)
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell weds Mary I of Scotland (May 15)
The Battle of Carberry Hill (June 15)
Abdication of Mary I of Scotland; coronation of James VI of Scotland (July 24)
The Battle of Langside (May 13)
The Battle of Heiligerlee (May 23)
Mary I of Scotland imprisoned at Carlisle (May 19)
The Battle of Jemmingen (July 21)
The Battle of Jodoigne (October 20)
The Union of Lublin, uniting Poland and Lithuania, is signed (July 1)


The Battle of Lepanto (October 7)
The Battle of Molodi (July 30-August 3)
The St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre (August 24)
The Siege of Haarlem begins (December 11)
The Battle of Borsele (April 22)
The Battle on the Zuiderzee (October 11)
The Siege of Leiden begins (October)
The Battle of Mookerheyde (April 14)
Death of Giorgio Vasari (June 27)
Birth of Anne of Denmark (December 12)
Francis Drake sets sail on an expedition against the Spanish colonies in the New World
Death of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (April 14)
Death of Sebastian I of Portugal (August 4)
The Wikipedia:Siege_of_Maastricht_(1579) (March 12-July 1)
Francis Drake lands at New Albion (June 17)


The Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours
Death of William the Silent (July 10)
Francis Drake returns to England after circumnavigating the Earth (September 26)
Francis Drake knighted by Elizabeth I of England (April 4)
The Battle of Punta Delgada (July 26)
Sir Walter Raleigh establishes the first English colony in the New World at Roanoke Island (June 4)
The Wikipedia:Siege_of_Antwerp_(1584-1585)Siege of Antwerp]] (July 1584-August 1585)
The Battle of Boksum (January 17)
The Battle of Zutphen (September 22)
Christopher Marlowe's first known play performed on the London stage
The Siege of Bergen-op-Zoom (September 23-November 13)
James VI of Scotland weds Anne of Denmark (November 23)


Death of Christopher Marlowe (May 30)
Beginning of the Thirteen Years' War (July 29)
Coronation of Christian IV of Denmark (August 29)
The Battle of Keresztes (October 24-26)
The Battle of Turnhout (January 24)

Significant people

Some Groups that Cover this Period

Internal Links

See Also:

External Links