Generally a longbowman could expect to receive around 6d (sixpence) a day for his service in England or France, twice that of a footsoldier. Like footsoldiers, longbowmen were able to supplement their pay during war with ransoms and plunder.
In England, the practise of archery was greatly encouraged and a number of statutes were issued reinforcing this point. Boys of seven would begin archery with them being required to keep and use a bow and arrows weekly and on holidays.
A typical longbowman of this time could be expected to found with a:
- a padded jack/gambeson/aketon possibly enhanced with a short mail shirt. This might be replaced in the 15th century by a brigandine or pieces of plate armour either purchased or plundered.
- helmet (a bascinet or later sallet or possible kettle helm)
- sword (typically an arming sword or falchion)
- badge or a livery coat or jacket
- hose (split for earlier periods or single piece for later)
- arming doublet if plate armour was being used
- shoes (boots and spurs if mounted)
- possibly a pourpoint under a jack
Arrows were carried by wagon and were issued as required. They were often stored in arrow bags and barrels. Quivers were not part of a longbowman's usual equipment. Arrows would be tucked into belts or drawn from arrow bags which would sometimes be attached to the waist.