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Estonian is a Finno-Ugric language, and is therefore related to Finnish and (more distantly) Hungarian. In period, as today, it was spoken in the area now known as Estonia.

Written sources for Estonian begin in the 13th century with the arrival of German and Scandinavian crusaders. The Latin chronicles of the Estonian crusade by Heinrici Chronicon record a number of Estonian words and partial sentences.

The Kullamaa Manuscript, which dates from 1524-1528, is the first continuous Estonian text still in existence.

See Also