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Denmark is a Scandinavian country located on a penninsula protruding from the north of Germany.

The Danes were a Viking people, and their influence was felt throughout Scandinavia and England. Denmark was eventually united by Harald Blåtand in the late 10th century. The 11th century saw significant successes in England, with four Danish kings ruling from 1014 to 1042, including Canute the Great. After the collapse of the combined Danish-English monarchy, however, Denmark had to shift its attention to securing its own borders rather than expansion.

The 14th century saw union of the monarchy with Norway and Sweden, however this was not long lived and the Union Wars began with Sweden in 1451.

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