Difference between revisions of "Margaret"

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'''Margaret''' was Queen of Scotland between 1286 and her death in 1290 (although she never set foot in the country). The daughter of Eric II (the ''Priest Hater'') of [[Norway]] and Margaret, daughter of [[Alexander III]] of [[Scotland]], she was born in 1283 and recognised as heiress presumptive by the nobility of Scotland in the following year. On Alexander's death in 1286 she was made Queen, under a regency of 6 guardians drawn from among the bishops and barons, and [[Edward I]] of [[England]] immediately began to negotiate for her to marry his eldest son, also Edward. [Alexander's first wife (another Margaret) had been Edward's sister, so he felt he had some familial claim] After four years the Scots agreed, Having obtained the stipulation that, despite the marriage, Scotland would remain independent of the English throne.<br>
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'''Margaret''' was [[Queen]] of [[Scotland]] between 1286 and her death in 1290 (although she never set foot in the country). The daughter of Eric II (the ''Priest Hater'') of [[Norway]] and Margaret, daughter of [[Alexander III]] of Scotland, she was born in 1283 and recognised as [[heir]]ess presumptive by the [[nobility]] of Scotland in the following year. On Alexander's death in 1286 she was made Queen, under a [[regent|regency]] of 6 guardians drawn from among the [[bishop]]s and [[baron]]s, and [[Edward I]] of [[England]] immediately began to negotiate for her to marry his eldest son, also Edward. Alexander's first wife (another Margaret) had been Edward's sister, so he felt he had some familial claim. After four years the Scots agreed, having obtained the stipulation that, despite the [[marriage]], Scotland would remain independent of the [[England|English]] [[throne]].
Whether the English king would have kept his word will never be known (although it is now known that the English clerks had drafted clauses into the treaty which would have reduced Scotland to no more than an English appenage) because, on the voyage from Norway to Scotland she drowned and died. The succession was now uncertain -- all of Alexander's children being dead and no other heir declared -- and Edward promptly attacked . However, from the chaos and his attack the [[Scottish kings#Balliol|House of Balliol emerged, followed by the reign of [[Robert I|Robert the Bruce]].
 
   
 
Whether the English king would have kept his word will never be known (although it is now known that the English clerks had drafted clauses into the treaty which would have reduced Scotland to no more than an English appendage) because, on the voyage from Norway to Scotland she drowned and died. The succession was now uncertain -- all of Alexander's children being dead and no other heir declared -- and Edward promptly attacked . However, from the chaos and his attack the [[Scottish kings#Balliol|House of Balliol]] emerged, followed by the reign of [[Robert I|Robert the Bruce]].
Dying, therefore, at age 7, Margaret never had a chance to show what she might have achieved as Queen -- and Edward, in the traditional role of 'perfidious Albion', made a firm attempt to annexe Scotland under client rulers nominated from London, and imposed on Scotland through compliant or bribed nobility.
 
   
 
Dying, therefore, at age 7, Margaret never had a chance to show what she might have achieved as Queen -- and Edward, in the traditional role of 'perfidious [[Albion]]', made a firm attempt to annexe Scotland under client rulers nominated from [[London]], and imposed on Scotland through compliant or bribed nobility.
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See also:
 
* [[Scottish kings]]
 
* [[Scottish kings]]
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[[category:monarchs (medieval)]]

Revision as of 09:13, 17 February 2005

Margaret was Queen of Scotland between 1286 and her death in 1290 (although she never set foot in the country). The daughter of Eric II (the Priest Hater) of Norway and Margaret, daughter of Alexander III of Scotland, she was born in 1283 and recognised as heiress presumptive by the nobility of Scotland in the following year. On Alexander's death in 1286 she was made Queen, under a regency of 6 guardians drawn from among the bishops and barons, and Edward I of England immediately began to negotiate for her to marry his eldest son, also Edward. Alexander's first wife (another Margaret) had been Edward's sister, so he felt he had some familial claim. After four years the Scots agreed, having obtained the stipulation that, despite the marriage, Scotland would remain independent of the English throne.

Whether the English king would have kept his word will never be known (although it is now known that the English clerks had drafted clauses into the treaty which would have reduced Scotland to no more than an English appendage) because, on the voyage from Norway to Scotland she drowned and died. The succession was now uncertain -- all of Alexander's children being dead and no other heir declared -- and Edward promptly attacked . However, from the chaos and his attack the House of Balliol emerged, followed by the reign of Robert the Bruce.

Dying, therefore, at age 7, Margaret never had a chance to show what she might have achieved as Queen -- and Edward, in the traditional role of 'perfidious Albion', made a firm attempt to annexe Scotland under client rulers nominated from London, and imposed on Scotland through compliant or bribed nobility.

See also: