Difference between revisions of "Lancaster"

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'''Lancaster''' was founded by the [[Roman Empire|Romans]] and a fort was built on the slope below the site of the present [[castle]]. There is also some evidence that the adjcanet estuary of the River Luna may have been used by the Imperial Fleet, the ''Classis Britannicum'', probably as a supply port for the forts in the Lakes and the western end of Hadrian's Wall.
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'''Lancaster''' was founded by the [[Roman]]s and a [[fort]] was built on the slope below the site of the present [[castle]]. There is also some evidence that the adjacent estuary of the River Luna may have been used by the Imperial [[navy|Fleet]], the ''Classis Britannicum'', probably as a supply port for the forts in the Lakes and the western end of Hadrian's Wall.
   
After the Roman withdrawal the land fell back into barbarism, and even by the time of [[Domesday]] the town represented a bastion against a wild and uncivilised North. As such, and with the border with [[Scotland]] becoming established and then moving north and south with wars and raids, Lancaster became one of the [[England|English]] [[crown]]'s main bulwarks. A [[castle]] was built here, and the area to the south became Lancashire, stretching down to the more placid lands of Cheshire, and east to the Pennine mountain chain.
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After the Roman withdrawal the land fell back into barbarism, and even by the time of [[Domesday Book|Domeday]] the town represented a bastion against a wild and uncivilised North. As such, and with the border with [[Scotland]] becoming established and then moving north and south with [[war]]s and raids, Lancaster became one of the [[England|English]] [[crown]]'s main bulwarks. A [[castle]] was built here, and the area to the south became Lancashire, stretching down to the more placid lands of Cheshire, and east to the Pennine mountain chain.
   
As an [[honour]], Lancaster became a [[palatinate]] and eventually became a [[duchy]] before being absorbed into the lands of the Crown.
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As an [[honour]], Lancaster became a [[palatinate]] and eventually became a [[duke|duchy]] before being absorbed into the lands of the Crown.
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[[category:places]][[category:cities (medieval)]]

Latest revision as of 20:39, 27 May 2006

Lancaster was founded by the Romans and a fort was built on the slope below the site of the present castle. There is also some evidence that the adjacent estuary of the River Luna may have been used by the Imperial Fleet, the Classis Britannicum, probably as a supply port for the forts in the Lakes and the western end of Hadrian's Wall.

After the Roman withdrawal the land fell back into barbarism, and even by the time of Domeday the town represented a bastion against a wild and uncivilised North. As such, and with the border with Scotland becoming established and then moving north and south with wars and raids, Lancaster became one of the English crown's main bulwarks. A castle was built here, and the area to the south became Lancashire, stretching down to the more placid lands of Cheshire, and east to the Pennine mountain chain.

As an honour, Lancaster became a palatinate and eventually became a duchy before being absorbed into the lands of the Crown.