Great Britain is the island to the west of Europe (or part of it depending on your point of view) that consist of England, Scotland and Wales (but not Ireland). It is part of the United Kingdom but is commonly called Britain.
The term was first formally used by James VI on 20 October 1604 to title himself as King of Great Britain but there were earlier usages. Bretayne the grete has been dated to 1338. In 1707 the Act of Union merged the kingdoms of Scotland and England into the kingdom of Great Britain.
- English: Great Britain vs Brittany
- French: Grande Bretagne vs Bretagne
Geoffrey of Monmouth referred to them in his Historia Regum Britanniae as Britannia major and Britannia minor.