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A flower is the sexual gland of a plant. It produces nectar to attract insects, and pollen with which it shares its genes to other plants.

Humans find flowers attractive for their beauty and scent. People also find some flowers useful as herbs (e.g. camomile), spices (e.g. cloves), dyestuffs (e.g. saffron and safflower), garnishes, perfumes (e.g. lavender), food sweeteners (e.g. rosewater).

Some flowers were very symbolic during the middle ages. For example, the rose is much tied up with chivalry.

Historical Flower Types

Some flowers known during the medieval period:

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