Difference between revisions of "Baldwin I"

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Baldwin, like his brother [[Godfrey/Godefroi of Bouillon]], was a son of Eustace II of Boulogne. Initially he was trained for the Church, but later returned to lay life, and married.
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'''Baldwin''', like his brother [[Godfrey of Bouillon]], was a son of Eustace II of Boulogne. Initially he was trained for the [[Church]], but later returned to lay life and [[marriage|married]].
   
When the [[First Crusade]] was preached, in 1096, Baldwin sold most of his property to join, taking his wife with him. When the [[King]] of [[Hungary]] demanded a hostage to ensure the good conduct of the Crusading army, Baldwin volunteered and remained with the King until the army had left his lands.
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When the [[First Crusade]] was preached, in 1096, Baldwin sold most of his property to join, taking his wife with him. When [[King]] [[Coloman]] of [[Hungary]] demanded a [[hostage]] to ensure the good conduct of the [[crusade|Crusading]] [[army]], Baldwin volunteered and remained with the King until the army had left his lands.
   
When Tancred of Apulia broke away from the main army, to march on Cilicia, Baldwin went with him. He eventually dispossessed Tancred of the captured citry of Tarsus (Tancred eventually moved on to attack Antioch), then (after the death of his wife) moved on, at the invitation of the ruler of Edessa, mnoved to that city, as heir, and shortly afterwards as first Count of Edessa. He married an Armenian wife, acted as intermediary between the Crusaders and the Armenians, and sent aid to the crusaders beseiging Antioch, as well as expanding his County by judicious military actions.
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In 1097 when [[Tancred]] of Apulia broke away from the main army to march on [[Cilicia]], Baldwin went with him. He eventually dispossessed Tancred of the captured city of [[Tarsus]], and Tancred, after some dispute moved on to attack [[Antioch]] with the main Crusader force. Baldwin's wife passed away shortly afterwards, and Baldwin traveled to [[Edessa]] at the invitation of [[Thoros of Edessa]]. He was quickly made Thoros' [[heir]] and upon Thoros' death at the hands of a mob shortly afterwards Baldwin became first [[Count]] of Edessa. He married an [[Armenia]]n wife, acted as intermediary between the Crusaders and the Armenians, and sent aid to the crusaders [[siege|beseiging]] Antioch, as well as expanding his [[County]] by judicious military actions.
   
In 1099 he visited [[Jerusalem]], where Godrfroi now ruled, before returning to Edessa, and becoming overlord of Melitene. After Godefroi's death, in 1100, he was invited back to Jerusalem. He granted Edessa to a cousin, but on his arrival leanred that there was a split in influence between a secular group who wished him to succeed to the [[Kingdom]] of Jerusalem, and atheocratic group, led by the Patriarch, Dagobert, who wanted to city ruled by the [[Pope]]'s representative.<br>
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In 1099 he visited [[Jerusalem]], where his brother [[Godfrey of Bouillon|Godefroi]] now ruled, before returning to Edessa and becoming overlord of [[Melitene]]. After Godefroi's death in 1100 he was invited back to Jerusalem. He granted Edessa to a cousin, but on his arrival learned that there was a split in influence between a secular group who wished him to succeed to the [[Kingdom of Jerusalem]] and a theocratic group, led by the Patriarch [[Dagobert]], who wanted the city ruled by the [[Pope]]'s representative.
Baldwin undertook an expedition against Egyptian territory, and on his return the patriarch grundinging crowned him King (although in Bethlehem, since he felt it improper to crown a king in Jerusalem itself).
 
   
 
Baldwin undertook an expedition against [[Egypt]]ian territory, and on his return the patriarch grudgingly [[crown]]ed him King... although in [[Bethlehem]], since he felt it improper to crown a king in Jerusalem itself.
Eventually Dagobert was first supended, then deposed. Baldwin ruled as a Crusader king, undertaking multiple expeditions to expand the Kingdom. He also remarried, having abandoned his Armenian wife, thus technically comitting bigamy. The technical sin preyed on him, and he was also to abandon this wife, and to go to war with the [[Muslim]]s of [[Egypt]], possibly as penance. During this campaign he died, allegedly of a surfeit of fish.
 
   
 
Eventually Dagobert was first suspended, then deposed. Baldwin ruled as a Crusader king, undertaking multiple expeditions to expand the Kingdom. He also remarried, having abandoned his Armenian wife, thus technically committing [[bigamy]]. The technical sin preyed on him and he was also to abandon this wife; he then went to [[war]] with the [[Muslim]]s of [[Egypt]] in 1118, possibly as [[penance]]. During this campaign he died, allegedly of a surfeit of [[fish]].
   
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Lacking children (it was rumoured that he was [[homosexual]]) he was succeeded by his "cousin" (the actual blood relationship is unclear) [[Baldwin II|Baldwin of Bourcq]], who was crowned the King of Jerusalem.
   
[[Category:Monarchs (medieval)]]
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[[Category:Monarchs (medieval)]][[category:people (medieval)]][[category:11th century]][[category:12th century]]
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[[Category:Kingdom of Jerusalem]]

Latest revision as of 01:05, 24 March 2011

Baldwin, like his brother Godfrey of Bouillon, was a son of Eustace II of Boulogne. Initially he was trained for the Church, but later returned to lay life and married.

When the First Crusade was preached, in 1096, Baldwin sold most of his property to join, taking his wife with him. When King Coloman of Hungary demanded a hostage to ensure the good conduct of the Crusading army, Baldwin volunteered and remained with the King until the army had left his lands.

In 1097 when Tancred of Apulia broke away from the main army to march on Cilicia, Baldwin went with him. He eventually dispossessed Tancred of the captured city of Tarsus, and Tancred, after some dispute moved on to attack Antioch with the main Crusader force. Baldwin's wife passed away shortly afterwards, and Baldwin traveled to Edessa at the invitation of Thoros of Edessa. He was quickly made Thoros' heir and upon Thoros' death at the hands of a mob shortly afterwards Baldwin became first Count of Edessa. He married an Armenian wife, acted as intermediary between the Crusaders and the Armenians, and sent aid to the crusaders beseiging Antioch, as well as expanding his County by judicious military actions.

In 1099 he visited Jerusalem, where his brother Godefroi now ruled, before returning to Edessa and becoming overlord of Melitene. After Godefroi's death in 1100 he was invited back to Jerusalem. He granted Edessa to a cousin, but on his arrival learned that there was a split in influence between a secular group who wished him to succeed to the Kingdom of Jerusalem and a theocratic group, led by the Patriarch Dagobert, who wanted the city ruled by the Pope's representative.

Baldwin undertook an expedition against Egyptian territory, and on his return the patriarch grudgingly crowned him King... although in Bethlehem, since he felt it improper to crown a king in Jerusalem itself.

Eventually Dagobert was first suspended, then deposed. Baldwin ruled as a Crusader king, undertaking multiple expeditions to expand the Kingdom. He also remarried, having abandoned his Armenian wife, thus technically committing bigamy. The technical sin preyed on him and he was also to abandon this wife; he then went to war with the Muslims of Egypt in 1118, possibly as penance. During this campaign he died, allegedly of a surfeit of fish.

Lacking children (it was rumoured that he was homosexual) he was succeeded by his "cousin" (the actual blood relationship is unclear) Baldwin of Bourcq, who was crowned the King of Jerusalem.