Difference between revisions of "Elizabethan English"

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'''Elizabethan English''' is an early form of modern [[English]], most often associated with the works of [[William Shakespeare]] and the King James [[Bible]].
 
'''Elizabethan English''' is an early form of modern [[English]], most often associated with the works of [[William Shakespeare]] and the King James [[Bible]].
  
==Thee and thou==
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==Grammar==
  
The most striking difference between Elizabethan English and later forms is the use of the
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The most striking difference between Elizabethan English and later forms is the use of the words ''thee'', ''thou'' and ''ye'' and the verb endings -eth and -est.
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''Thee'', ''thou'' and ''ye'' are all forms of the modern English word ''you''. ''Thee'' is used for the object and ''thou'' for the subject (in much the same way as ''me'' and ''I'' are used for object and subject in modern English). ''Ye'' is used either for multiple people or on formal occasions.
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''Thy'' and ''thine'' roughly correspond to ''your'' and ''yours'' although Shakespeare seems to use the two words interchangeably.
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==Vocabulary==
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The following words are typical of Elizabethan language, but not commonly used in modern English.
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*anon: later
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*prating: babbling
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*wherefore: why
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[[category:language]]

Latest revision as of 01:03, 18 May 2006

Elizabethan English is an early form of modern English, most often associated with the works of William Shakespeare and the King James Bible.

Grammar

The most striking difference between Elizabethan English and later forms is the use of the words thee, thou and ye and the verb endings -eth and -est.

Thee, thou and ye are all forms of the modern English word you. Thee is used for the object and thou for the subject (in much the same way as me and I are used for object and subject in modern English). Ye is used either for multiple people or on formal occasions.

Thy and thine roughly correspond to your and yours although Shakespeare seems to use the two words interchangeably.

Vocabulary

The following words are typical of Elizabethan language, but not commonly used in modern English.

  • anon: later
  • prating: babbling
  • wherefore: why