Elizabeth gradually distanced herself from Spain in foreign policy. Religion proved a sticking point between the Catholic Spain and the Protestant Elizabeth. The two counries were soon at war, but a decisive victory over the Spanish Armada meant Spain no longer posed a threat to England.
Main article: Elizabethan English
Main article: Elizabethan Names
Arts and Sciences
Main article: Elizabethan music
Due to restrictive print licensing, most of the printed music from the early part of Elizabeth's reign was written by William Byrd. The madrigal enjoyed an enormous level of popularity, as did the lute song towards the end of her reign.
Main article: Eilzabethan Poetry
Main article: Elizabethan clothing