Difference between revisions of "12th Century bathing"

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==Bathtubs==
 
==Bathtubs==
There are many manuscript illustrations of wooden tubs, sometimes with fires
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There are many manuscript illustrations of wooden tubs, sometimes with fires underneath them (possibly the tubs with fires underneath aren't wooden).  The tubs generally appear to be half barrels which are taller than they are wide, and are usually depicted as fairly narrow - just wide enough for a person to sit on a stool in, and tall enough to reach their
underneath them (possibly the tubs with fires underneath aren't wooden).  The tubs generally appear to be half barrels which are taller than they are wide, and are usually depicted as fairly narrow - just wide enough for a person to sit on a stool in, and tall enough to reach their
+
chest seated.  Apparently such barrels in private homes of the nobility could serve as a base for a table in between uses. [http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]
chest seated.  Apparently such barrels in private homes of the nobility could serve as a base for a
 
table in between uses. [[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]]
 
  
 
==River Bathing==
 
==River Bathing==
  
[[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952 Holmes]] cites a romance with a girl who bathes in the household
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[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952 Holmes] cites a romance with a girl who bathes in the household
 
[[vivarium]] (an artificial fish pond in courtyard or kitchen to store
 
[[vivarium]] (an artificial fish pond in courtyard or kitchen to store
 
fresh caught live fish until eating), wearing only her shirt, on hot
 
fresh caught live fish until eating), wearing only her shirt, on hot
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In the lay [[Graelant]] a maiden is bathing naked (old French: ''Qui en la fontaine esoit nue.'' - Who was naked in the pool).  Her chemise is noted as being in the pile of removed clothes.  However there are elements that show this is a fairy maiden, so her behaviour is not necessarily that of a proper noble lady.
 
In the lay [[Graelant]] a maiden is bathing naked (old French: ''Qui en la fontaine esoit nue.'' - Who was naked in the pool).  Her chemise is noted as being in the pile of removed clothes.  However there are elements that show this is a fairy maiden, so her behaviour is not necessarily that of a proper noble lady.
  
The [[Wikipedia:Holy_Roman_Emperor|Holy Roman Emperor]] [[Wikipedia:Frederick_I%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor|Freidrick Barbarossa]] drowning while stopping at a river to bathe
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The [Wikipedia:Holy_Roman_Emperor|Holy Roman Emperor] [Wikipedia:Frederick_I%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor|Freidrick Barbarossa] drowning while stopping at a river to bathe on route to the [[Crusades]].[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]  It is likely that men of all ranks would use natural water sources to clean themselves in warmer weather.  Nobles may well have worn their shirt when doing so, indeed it may have been a good time to clean the [[underwear]] too.
on route to the [[Crusades]].[[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]]  It is likely that men of all ranks would use natural water sources to clean themselves in warmer weather.  Nobles may well have worn their shirt when doing so, indeed it may have been a good time to clean the [[underwear]] too.
 
  
 
==Sponge Baths==
 
==Sponge Baths==
 
It is possible to clean all of one's body quite well using a basin of warm water and a cloth, and preferably some soap.  This is aided if during the day most of the body has been covered from dirt by clothing, for example veils of hats covering the head, long sleeves and long shirts or pants.
 
It is possible to clean all of one's body quite well using a basin of warm water and a cloth, and preferably some soap.  This is aided if during the day most of the body has been covered from dirt by clothing, for example veils of hats covering the head, long sleeves and long shirts or pants.
 +
 
The advantage of such a wash is that it uses little water, and can be performed very quickly - a huge advantage in cold weather.
 
The advantage of such a wash is that it uses little water, and can be performed very quickly - a huge advantage in cold weather.
  
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==Washing Hands==
 
==Washing Hands==
There is quite a ritual of washing the hands before a feast.  Romances talk of the ritual for welcoming a knight, after travel or hunting.  Before the feast begins he is presented a basin of water and a towel to wash his hands.  [[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952 Holmes]] suggests water might be poured from a pitcher, over the hands, into the basin and that soap might be offered as an occasional luxury, but
+
There is quite a ritual of washing the hands before a feast.  Romances talk of the ritual for welcoming a knight, after travel or hunting.  Before the feast begins he is presented a basin of water and a towel to wash his hands.  [http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952 Holmes] suggests water might be poured from a pitcher, over the hands, into the basin and that soap might be offered as an occasional luxury, but
 
not everywhere.   
 
not everywhere.   
  
There are also big wash basins in romanesque monastaries so the monks could perform this ritual washing before eating. [[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Zarnecki_1984]]
+
There are also big wash basins in romanesque monastaries so the monks could perform this ritual washing before eating. [http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Zarnecki_1984]
  
Rather strict hygene rule that operate while eating or preparing food - not so much washing as not touching the nose or mouth, using the correct hand etc.  Such rituals would make frequent hand washing less important.
+
Rather strict hygene rules that operate while eating or preparing food - not so much washing as not touching the nose or mouth, using the correct hand etc.  Such rituals would make frequent hand washing less important.
  
  
 
==Public Bathhouses==
 
==Public Bathhouses==
In 12th C towns such as London and Paris, bath keepers kept public baths, where the general public could bathe (in the barrels mentioned above), but this does not appear to be a daily ritual.  [[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]]
+
In 12th C towns such as London and Paris, bath keepers kept public baths, where the general public could bathe (in the barrels mentioned above), but this does not appear to be a daily ritual.  [http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]
  
 
==Ritual Bathing==
 
==Ritual Bathing==
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Bathing was required as part of a vigil prior to a knighting.
 
Bathing was required as part of a vigil prior to a knighting.
  
The season of bloodletting for monks was a season of bathing and relaxation.[[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]]
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The season of bloodletting for monks was a season of bathing and relaxation.[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]
  
 
==Bathing and Health==
 
==Bathing and Health==
bathing in the mineral springs at bath for your health, could heal you and give you good health.  [[http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]]
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It was commonly believed that bathing natural mineral springs, such as those at [[Bath]] in [[England]] was beneficial for health.  [http://cunnan.sca.org.au/wiki/12th_Century_References#Holmes_1952]
  
[[Category:12th century]]
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[[Category:12th century]][[category:health]]

Latest revision as of 04:57, 23 March 2011

Bathtubs

There are many manuscript illustrations of wooden tubs, sometimes with fires underneath them (possibly the tubs with fires underneath aren't wooden). The tubs generally appear to be half barrels which are taller than they are wide, and are usually depicted as fairly narrow - just wide enough for a person to sit on a stool in, and tall enough to reach their chest seated. Apparently such barrels in private homes of the nobility could serve as a base for a table in between uses. [1]

River Bathing

Holmes cites a romance with a girl who bathes in the household vivarium (an artificial fish pond in courtyard or kitchen to store fresh caught live fish until eating), wearing only her shirt, on hot days. It was considered fairly shocking that she did so in front of males.

In the lay Graelant a maiden is bathing naked (old French: Qui en la fontaine esoit nue. - Who was naked in the pool). Her chemise is noted as being in the pile of removed clothes. However there are elements that show this is a fairy maiden, so her behaviour is not necessarily that of a proper noble lady.

The [Wikipedia:Holy_Roman_Emperor|Holy Roman Emperor] [Wikipedia:Frederick_I%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor|Freidrick Barbarossa] drowning while stopping at a river to bathe on route to the Crusades.[2] It is likely that men of all ranks would use natural water sources to clean themselves in warmer weather. Nobles may well have worn their shirt when doing so, indeed it may have been a good time to clean the underwear too.

Sponge Baths

It is possible to clean all of one's body quite well using a basin of warm water and a cloth, and preferably some soap. This is aided if during the day most of the body has been covered from dirt by clothing, for example veils of hats covering the head, long sleeves and long shirts or pants.

The advantage of such a wash is that it uses little water, and can be performed very quickly - a huge advantage in cold weather.

We have no evidence that such a method of cleaning was used in the 12th Century, but it seems likely given the limited frequency of full tub bathing.


Washing Hands

There is quite a ritual of washing the hands before a feast. Romances talk of the ritual for welcoming a knight, after travel or hunting. Before the feast begins he is presented a basin of water and a towel to wash his hands. Holmes suggests water might be poured from a pitcher, over the hands, into the basin and that soap might be offered as an occasional luxury, but not everywhere.

There are also big wash basins in romanesque monastaries so the monks could perform this ritual washing before eating. [3]

Rather strict hygene rules that operate while eating or preparing food - not so much washing as not touching the nose or mouth, using the correct hand etc. Such rituals would make frequent hand washing less important.


Public Bathhouses

In 12th C towns such as London and Paris, bath keepers kept public baths, where the general public could bathe (in the barrels mentioned above), but this does not appear to be a daily ritual. [4]

Ritual Bathing

Bathing was required as part of a vigil prior to a knighting.

The season of bloodletting for monks was a season of bathing and relaxation.[5]

Bathing and Health

It was commonly believed that bathing natural mineral springs, such as those at Bath in England was beneficial for health. [6]