12th Century Games
Guingamor is spending a day at home being indisposed. He seeks out a companion and: "After chatting a while, they went to a game table (tablier) to amuse themselves" where they play chess (l'eschequier) Later he approaches a castle where people have been "playing at backgammon or chess" ("As tables, as esch�s jouant" line 518, trans weingartner)
Game boards were usually much larger than modern boards. Boards were a square piece of wood, probably approximately 1m square, which was supported by a pair of trestle legs.(Holmes 1952, 43) Players would sit in chairs or benches at the board and might knock the board over if suddenly surprised.
- The queen moved one square on the diagonal.
- The bishop moved exactly two squares on the diagonal.
- The pawn moved as in modern chess, except did not have a double move opening, and only promoted to a queen (which was a week piece).
- Removing all of the oponents pieces except the king, called a 'bare king', was a victory.
- There was no castling (combined move of the king and rook). (Alfonso)
- It was often played with dice used to select which pieces were allowed to move.
- Draughts - similar to modern checkers (Holmes 1952 p43)