Difference between revisions of "William the Conqueror"

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Sometimes known as ''William the Bastard'' having been born the illegitimate son of the Duke of Normandy. He inherited the Duchy upon his father's death, but it is for succesfully leading the [[Norman conquest]] of [[England]] that he is best known.
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Sometimes known as ''William the Bastard'', having been born the illegitimate son of the Duke of Normandy. William inherited the Duchy upon his father's death, but is best known for succesfully leading the [[Norman conquest]] of [[England]].
  
William first attempted to gain England through diplomatic manouveuring. He first claimed that [[Edward the Confessor]] had named him successor in 1051, and then in 1064 he somehow managed to get [[Harold Godwinson]] to swear fealty to him and relinquish his claim to the throne. The latter event almost certainly took place under duress and the former may not have happened at all, but he used both as a pretext for invasion when the [[witan]] declared Harold king in January [[1066]].
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William first attempted to gain England through diplomatic manouveuring. He first claimed that [[Edward the Confessor]] had named him successor in 1051, and then in 1064 he convinced [[Harold Godwinson]] to swear fealty to him and relinquish his claim to the throne. The latter event almost certainly took place under duress, and the former may not have happened at all, but he used both as a pretext for invasion when the [[witan]] declared Harold king in January [[1066]].
  
William delayed his assault until late September waiting for favourable winds. All this stretched Harold's resources as not only did he need to stay on high military alert for several months, but he also had to fight at the demanding [[Battle of Stamford Bridge]].
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William delayed his assault until late September, waiting for favourable winds. All this stretched Harold's resources, as not only did he need to stay on high military alert for several months, but he also had to fight and defeat [[Harald Hardrada]] at the demanding [[Battle of Stamford Bridge]].
  
William's victory at the [[Battle of Hastings]] marked a turning point in English history. Not only was it the most succesful invasion of Britain by a foreign force, it also marked the begining of a new dynasty. All kings of England number themselves from the ascension of the [[Norman]] kings.
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William's victory at the [[Battle of Hastings]] marked a turning point in English history. Not only was it the most successful invasion of Britain by a foreign force, it also marked the begining of a new dynasty. All kings of England number themselves from the ascension of the [[Norman]] kings.
  
Having been crowned in 1066, William set about securing his new kingdom. Uprisings were quelled brutally, Norman lords were installed into places of power and by 1072 the whole of England had been united once more.
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Having been crowned in 1066, William set about securing his new kingdom. Uprisings were brutally quelled, Norman lords were installed into places of power, and by 1072 the whole of England had been united once more.
  
In [[1085]] William comissioned the [[Domesday book]] to give a more detailed picture of the land he had conquered.
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In [[1085]] William commissioned the [[Domesday book]] to give a more detailed picture of the land he had conquered.
  
 
William died in [[1087]], and was succeded by his his second son, [[William Rufus]].
 
William died in [[1087]], and was succeded by his his second son, [[William Rufus]].

Revision as of 23:18, 29 October 2003

Sometimes known as William the Bastard, having been born the illegitimate son of the Duke of Normandy. William inherited the Duchy upon his father's death, but is best known for succesfully leading the Norman conquest of England.

William first attempted to gain England through diplomatic manouveuring. He first claimed that Edward the Confessor had named him successor in 1051, and then in 1064 he convinced Harold Godwinson to swear fealty to him and relinquish his claim to the throne. The latter event almost certainly took place under duress, and the former may not have happened at all, but he used both as a pretext for invasion when the witan declared Harold king in January 1066.

William delayed his assault until late September, waiting for favourable winds. All this stretched Harold's resources, as not only did he need to stay on high military alert for several months, but he also had to fight and defeat Harald Hardrada at the demanding Battle of Stamford Bridge.

William's victory at the Battle of Hastings marked a turning point in English history. Not only was it the most successful invasion of Britain by a foreign force, it also marked the begining of a new dynasty. All kings of England number themselves from the ascension of the Norman kings.

Having been crowned in 1066, William set about securing his new kingdom. Uprisings were brutally quelled, Norman lords were installed into places of power, and by 1072 the whole of England had been united once more.

In 1085 William commissioned the Domesday book to give a more detailed picture of the land he had conquered.

William died in 1087, and was succeded by his his second son, William Rufus.