Difference between revisions of "Herbals"

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m (formatting, update on overview of herbals as to what is contained in this list, update list to include some more herbals)
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     Discussions between herbals are to have their own pages referenced from within each herbal page.
     Discussions between herbals are to have their own pages referenced from within each herbal page.
There will be a separate page for listing books about herbals and gardens which will incorporate items published after 1901.
Books about herbals and gardens published after 1901 can be found [Herbals_post1901].
== Herbals ==
== Herbals ==

Revision as of 20:46, 5 February 2016

Herbals are books which describe the physical characteristics and properties of herbs and other plants. John Gerard's "Herbal or General History of Plants" has long been the most famous English herbal. First published in 1597, it was republished in 1633 in an edition in which Thomas Johnson revised and enlarged the original text.

Generally, the Latin and English (or common name for non-English herbals) is given, as is a physical description, the place of growth, the time of growth, uses (medicinal or culinary etc) and illustrations.

The list of herbals also contains Medicinals and these have been included because of the descriptions given to plants in their folios. The date shown in this list should be the original (estimated) date written. Post period herbals are also of interest as to distinguish what details they include as distinct from what is and is not mentioned in prior herbals.

The majority of the list was created from a source document originally produced by the Kingdom of Meridian Herbalists Guild who kindly allowed contents to be copied. Additional entries may have contributed from the Kingdom of Lochac. Please see the Herb Garden guild page for information on the various Kingdom guild pages.

The intent of this list is to link to a page for each herbal/each type of herbal mentioned providing the following details:-

   Where examples of the actual herbal can now actually be found. To be viewed physically or online.
   When reproductions were created, and perhaps the year of the first remaining reproduction.
   What facsimile copies have been produced. And also in what books, images from the herbals appear.
   As well as the contents of each herbal, preferably a summary, and then some details.
   Discussions between herbals are to have their own pages referenced from within each herbal page.

Books about herbals and gardens published after 1901 can be found [Herbals_post1901].


  • 5000 BC Chinese Herbals
  • 3000 BC Sumerian Tablets
  • 1550 BC Ebbers Papayrus
  • 1300 BC Chinese “Oracle Bones”
  • 700 BC Pen T’sao Ching, or Canon of Herbs
  • 370 BC Historia Plantarum
  • 3rd Century BC Diocles’ physiology
  • 2nd Century BC Theriaka & Alexipharmaka
  • 1st Century BC Crateuas
  • 65 AD (approx.) De Materia Medica
  • 65 AD (approx.) Naturalis Historica
  • 400 AD (approx.) The Herbal of Apuleius
  • 512 AD Juliana Anicius Codex
  • 622-633 AD Etymologiarum libri duo
  • 7th Century Hortulus
  • 8th Century Capitulare de Villis
  • 10th Century (first half) Herbarium
  • 10th Century (latter half) Leech Book of Bald, or Medicinale Anglicum
  • 10th Cent. Opera Quae Extant Omnia
  • 1050 (approx) Of Schools of Medicine
  • 1030-1050 Circa Instans
  • 1068 Tables (Taqwim)
  • 11th Century Herbals from School of Salerno
  • 1150 (approx) The Physica
  • 1180 Works of Avincenna
  • 12th Century – Trotula
  • 12th Century – Liber Serapionis aggregatus
  • 12th Century - De Viribus Herbarum
  • 1280 (approx) De Proprietatibus Rerum
  • 13th Century De Vegetablis
  • 1306 Opus Ruralium Commodorum
  • 1349-1351 Buch der Natur
  • 1380’s – 1420 Tacuinum Sanitatis, Tacuina
  • 1440 Tractatus de Herbis
  • 1471 Opera Quae Extant Omnia
  • 1473 Liber Serapionis aggregatus
  • 1477 De Viribus Herbarum
  • 1484 Herbarius Latinus
  • 1485 Der Gart der Gesundheit
  • 1486-1488 AD Arbolayre, or Le Grant Herbier
  • 1491 Hortus Sanitatis
  • 15th Century
  • 1500 Das Buch zu Distillieren
  • Bancke's Herbal (1525)
  • Grete Herball (1526)
  • 1530 Herbarum Vivae Eicones
  • 1538 Libellus de re herbaria novus
  • 1539 Kreüter Buch
  • 1542 De Historia Stirpium
  • 1544 Commentarii
  • 1548 The Names of Herbes in Greke, Latin, Englishe, Duche and Frenche Wyth the Commune Names That Herbries and Apotecaries Use
  • Turner's Herbs (1550/1551)
  • Askham's Herbal (1551)
  • 1552 Badianus Manuscript
  • 1554 Cruÿdeboeck
  • 1560 – 1624 Pinax Thesti Botunici
  • 1563 Coloquios
  • 1568 Aztec Herbal
  • 1569 Dos Libros
  • 1596 Cataloge to John Gerard’s garden.
  • Gerard's Herbal (1597)
  • 16th century The Compendim of Materia Medica
  • 1615 Rerum Medicarum Novae Hispaniae Thesaurus
  • 1627 – 1705 Historica Plantara,
  • 1631 Curioso tratado de la naturaleza y calidad del chocolate
  • 1640 Theatrum Botanicum
  • 1649 The Complete Herbal
  • 1652 The English Physician
  • 1656 Art of Simpling
  • 1707 – 1778 Taxonomy
  • 1800’s (first half), herbal of Shaker medicine
  • 1901 A Modern Herbal

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