The Germanic lands of Europe have a long tradition of embroidery. In the period covered by the SCA, there are two types of embroidery for which this area is particularly well known- whitework and wool embroidery.
- white linen thread on linen ground (Whitework)
- coloured wool on linen ground using couching
- coloured wool, silk on linen ground using brick stitch
Stitches and Techniques
- Whitework generally consisted of chain stitch, stem stitch and satin stitch on a linen ground using linen thread.
- wool work was generally done using a self couching or klosterstitch.
- both wool, silk and linen were used for brick stitch pieces.
- Whitework pieces were either secular or ecclesiastical, however, this technique was a popular one for adorning alter clothes to be used at Lent.
- Wool work was mostly secular, with moral tales being a popular topic.
A point to note is the popularity of heraldic display in Germanic embroidery.
- Stole with Images of the Martyrdom of Saint Catherine, ca. 1200
German (Rhineland) or English - Red silk, linen underlay, crimson silk tabby, metal threads (strips of gold and silver leaf wrapped on linen thread); 7 7/8 x 19 1/4 in. (19.7 x 48.9 cm) - http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/litu/hob_64.101.1382.htm
- The Malterer Hanging - 14th C wool work
- 14th C Whitework Altar Cloth - http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/mona/hob_29.87.htm
- 15th C Silk Band - http://www.thorngrove.net/athenaeum/gillyflw.htm
- Large Collection of 14th and 15th Century Westphalian Embroidery -
- Pictures from the V&A of 14th and 15th Century German brickwork
- Embroidered bands - http://www.drakt.org/Embroidery/Embroidered_bands.html
- Silk embroidered bag - http://www.drakt.org/Embroidery/V_A_1.html
- Silk embroidered pouch - http://www.drakt.org/Embroidery/V_A_3.html
- Silk embroidered stole - http://www.drakt.org/Embroidery/V_A_2.html
- Silk and linen embroidered bag - http://www.drakt.org/Embroidery/V_A_4.htmle
- 14th C Silk Altar Cloth- late 14th century German Silk on linen; 63 x 62 1/2 in. (160 x 158.8 cm) - http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/07/euwc/hob_69.106.htm