- The name given to the garments worn by the Ancient Greek women, characterised by a large piece of fabric held in place by a pair of Brooches at the shoulders and a belt at the waist. A classic peplos contains no sewing.
- An early form of clothing worn in the British Isles, related to the Greek peplos, but with sewn side seams. This garment may be pinned on one or two shoulders according to local custom. This is one of the easiest garments to sew.
- The 'classic' peplos with no sewing was also worn by Finnish and Livonian (Latvian)women in the 11th century, with a pair of Brooches at the shoulders and a belt at the waist. An underdress was worn underneath.