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A fief (also feoff or fee) is the land controlled by a Lord in a feudal society by grant of a greater lord, often a King. A fief would be given with explicit instructions as to the obligations of both fief-giver and fief-holder.

Although land grants were most common in period, anything of value could be given as an enfeoffment. Examples include holding a particular office or the rights to exploit a particular resource, such as hunting rights in a certain stream or the right to charge tolls on a given bridge, or merely revenues from a particular industry.

Along with the privilege of (and material benefits to) holding a fief, the fief-holder would be obliged to give leal service and pay fief-rent to his suzerain.