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A viscount is a noble who is ranked higher than a baron but below a count. Traditionally, they are the son or younger brother of a count. In England, the title was also used after the Norman conquest for the Shire Reeve or sheriff. A viscountess is a female viscount.
Formally the English viscounties were first created in 1440, but the title existed (as vice-comte or deputy-count) into the days of the Carolingian empire.

In the SCA, a viscount is a person who has ruled a principality at least once. They are referred to as "Your Excellency" and wear a coronet of their choice, most commonly with pearls.

See Also