Velvet is and was a very expensive fabric consisting of short threads of silk protruding from the face of the fabric giving it a distinctive feel and look. Originally made of silk woven into two sheets at once with the weft running back and forth between the two pieces. It was then cut to produce two pieces of velvet.
Early velvets begin appearing in Europe in around the 12th Century, although other [napped fabric]]s were probably made earlier. These early velvets were probably used for furnishings (luxurious bed drapes and coverlets), rather than clothing.