The word 'University' is derived from the Latin word for guild. The church established schools with the purpose of educating pepole in a particular profession (a non-trade profession), and then universities arose purely for higher education. In period, it was mostly churches or courts who had the better book collections of the times, so therefore those involved with these institutions (who were mostly those with lots of money) therefore had access to higher education. The first university, Al-Azhar, was founded in Cairo, Egypt in 970BC, which was followed up with more being founded predominently in Italy, France, England and Spain (during the 1100s) and later in Germany and Austria (1300s). They had various faculties, as they do today.