Difference between revisions of "Tourmaline"

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Although used in the Mediterranean area since ancient times, '''Tourmaline''' was recognized as a separate gemstone only in the early 19th century. Prior to that time, it was generally confused with other gemstones. The name is believed to derive from the Sinhalese ''turamali'', meaning "multi-colored stone". Most people think only of the "watermelon" variety of the gem. But in fact tourmalene can occur in nearly every color of the rainbow, and each variety is named for its predominate color. ''Rubellite'' (pink tourmaline) can rival the [[ruby]] in color. The best grades are rarer than ruby or [[spinel]] and can be nearly as expensive. Other popular varieties include ''verdelite'' (green tourmaline) and ''indigolite'' (blue or blue-green tourmaline). In the jewelers' trade all green tourmaline, regardless of type, is known as ''chrome'' tourmalene. The color ranges from bright kelly green to dark teal green. The price is usually low enough to make it an economical subsitute for [[emerald]].
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Although used in the Mediterranean area since ancient times, '''Tourmaline''' was recognized as a separate gemstone only in the early 19th century. Prior to that time, it was generally confused with other gemstones. The name is believed to derive from the Sinhalese ''turamali'', meaning "multi-colored stone". Other sources suggest that the name originally meant "deceiver"—the stone was first thought to be a variety of ''zircon''. Most people think only of the "watermelon" variety of the gem. But in fact tourmaline can occur in nearly every color of the rainbow, and each variety is named for its predominate color. ''Rubellite'' (pink tourmaline) can rival the [[ruby]] in color. The best grades are rarer than ruby or [[spinel]] and can be nearly as expensive. Other popular varieties include ''verdelite'' (green tourmaline) and ''indigolite'' (blue or blue-green tourmaline). In the jewelers' trade green tourmaline is classed according to the source of its color. ''Chrome'' tourmaline is especially prized; all other garden varieties being known as "verdelite". The color of both types ranges from bright kelly green to dark teal green. The price is usually low enough to make it an economical subsitute for [[emerald]].
 
[[category:gemstones]]
 
[[category:gemstones]]

Latest revision as of 13:07, 14 November 2006

Although used in the Mediterranean area since ancient times, Tourmaline was recognized as a separate gemstone only in the early 19th century. Prior to that time, it was generally confused with other gemstones. The name is believed to derive from the Sinhalese turamali, meaning "multi-colored stone". Other sources suggest that the name originally meant "deceiver"—the stone was first thought to be a variety of zircon. Most people think only of the "watermelon" variety of the gem. But in fact tourmaline can occur in nearly every color of the rainbow, and each variety is named for its predominate color. Rubellite (pink tourmaline) can rival the ruby in color. The best grades are rarer than ruby or spinel and can be nearly as expensive. Other popular varieties include verdelite (green tourmaline) and indigolite (blue or blue-green tourmaline). In the jewelers' trade green tourmaline is classed according to the source of its color. Chrome tourmaline is especially prized; all other garden varieties being known as "verdelite". The color of both types ranges from bright kelly green to dark teal green. The price is usually low enough to make it an economical subsitute for emerald.