Difference between revisions of "Tincture"

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#REDIRECT [[Colour]]
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'''Tincture''' is the word [[Herald]]s use for colour. There are three kinds of tincture: [[colours]], [[metal]]s and [[fur]]s.  With one exception, everything on a heraldic [[device]] must be in these tinctures. Colours are sometimes [[blazon]]ed as being [[counterchanged]] within the device.
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== Colours ==
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The five colours, in approximate order from most to least common, are:
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* [[Sable]] ([[black]])
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* [[Gules]] ([[red]])
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* [[Azure]] ([[blue]])
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* [[Vert]] ([[green]])
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* [[Purpure]] ([[purple]])
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Less commonly used in heraldry are the three [[stains]]:
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*[[Tenné]] (orange)
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*[[Sanguine]] (deep blood red)
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*[[Murrey]] (mulberry)
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These are not recognised in [[SCA]] heraldry.
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== Metals ==
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The two metals are:
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*[[Or]] ([[yellow]] or [[gold]])
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*[[Argent]] ([[silver]] or [[white]])
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== Furs ==
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The furs are many, but the most common ones are:
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*[[Ermine]] (black ermine spots on a white field)
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*[[Counter-ermine]] (white ermine spots on black)
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*[[Erminois]] (black ermine spots on yellow)
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*[[Pean]] (yellow ermine spots on black)
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*[[Vair]] (a regular pattern of blue and white)
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(Note that counter-ermine is called ermines in the literature, but we use the longer name to help stave off typos.)
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== Proper ==
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The one exception to these tinctures is called '[[proper]]'.  If an creature has a normal, unarguable colouration, then it may be described as proper.  For example, a tree proper would have a brown trunk and green leaves, or a man proper would be pale pink (in [[Europe]] at least).  This has some implications for matters of [[contrast]].  If there is no normal colour for a creature - lions, for example, can be anything from white through yellow to black - or if it's a [[heraldic beast|mythical beast]], then it doesn't have a proper colour, so this exception doesn't apply.
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== Tinctures Chart ==
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The following table shows the tinctures and their black and white equivalents.
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{| border=1 align="center"
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<!-- |+ TABLE CAPTION -->
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! Silver
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! Gold
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! Red
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! Blue
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! Green
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! Purple
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! Black
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|-
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| align="center" | [[Argent]]
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| align="center" | [[Or]]
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| align="center" | [[Gules]]
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| align="center" | [[Azure]]
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| align="center" | [[Vert]]
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| align="center" | [[Purpure]]
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| align="center" | [[Sable]]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" height="83" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ffff00" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ec2504" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#000090" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#008000" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#890089" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#000000" | &nbsp;
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|-
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| [[image:argent_bw.gif]]
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| [[image:or_bw.gif]]
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| [[image:gules_bw.gif]]
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| [[image:azure_bw.gif]]
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| [[image:vert_bw.gif]]
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| [[image:purpure_bw.gif]]
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| [[image:sable_bw.gif]]
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  <!-- I've commented out but not removed the last two rows. They didn't seem relevant.
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|-
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| align="center" | #ffffff
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| align="center" | #ffff00
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| align="center" | #ec2504
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| align="center" | #000090
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| align="center" | #008000
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| align="center" | #890089
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| align="center" | #000000
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|-
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| R: 255<br/> G: 255<br/> B: 255
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| R: 255<br/> G: 255<br/> B: 0
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| R: 236<br/> G: 37<br/> B: 4
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| R: 0<br/> G: 0<br/> B: 144
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| R: 0<br/> G: 128<br/> B: 0
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| R: 137<br/> G: 0<br/> B: 137
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| R: 2<br/> G: 2<br/> B: 2 -->
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|}
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[[Category:Heraldry]][[Category:Device heraldry]]

Latest revision as of 13:33, 2 May 2009

Tincture is the word Heralds use for colour. There are three kinds of tincture: colours, metals and furs. With one exception, everything on a heraldic device must be in these tinctures. Colours are sometimes blazoned as being counterchanged within the device.

Colours

The five colours, in approximate order from most to least common, are:

Less commonly used in heraldry are the three stains:

These are not recognised in SCA heraldry.

Metals

The two metals are:

Furs

The furs are many, but the most common ones are:

  • Ermine (black ermine spots on a white field)
  • Counter-ermine (white ermine spots on black)
  • Erminois (black ermine spots on yellow)
  • Pean (yellow ermine spots on black)
  • Vair (a regular pattern of blue and white)

(Note that counter-ermine is called ermines in the literature, but we use the longer name to help stave off typos.)

Proper

The one exception to these tinctures is called 'proper'. If an creature has a normal, unarguable colouration, then it may be described as proper. For example, a tree proper would have a brown trunk and green leaves, or a man proper would be pale pink (in Europe at least). This has some implications for matters of contrast. If there is no normal colour for a creature - lions, for example, can be anything from white through yellow to black - or if it's a mythical beast, then it doesn't have a proper colour, so this exception doesn't apply.

Tinctures Chart

The following table shows the tinctures and their black and white equivalents.

Silver Gold Red Blue Green Purple Black
Argent Or Gules Azure Vert Purpure Sable
             
Argent bw.gif Or bw.gif Gules bw.gif Azure bw.gif Vert bw.gif Purpure bw.gif Sable bw.gif