Difference between revisions of "Pope"

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The head of the Roman Catholic church, elected by cardinals of that church. Normally celibate, although some notable exceptions occur to this during the medieval period.
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The head of the Roman [[Catholic Church]], elected by [[cardinal]]s of that [[church]]. Normally celibate, although some notable exceptions occur to this during the [[Middle Ages]] and [[Renaissance]].
   
During the medieval period, the Pope could have enormous power (see [[crusade]]). Theoretically, there is only one Pope. However, several times during the middle medieval ages there were multiple Popes, each of which claimed they were the legitimate and rightful Pope. The ones who eventually lost are known as [[Antipope]]s.
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During the [[Middle Ages]], the Pope could have enormous power (see [[crusade]]). Theoretically, there is only one Pope. However, several times during the [[Middle Ages]] there were multiple Popes, each of which claimed they were the legitimate and rightful Pope. The ones who eventually lost are known as [[Antipope]]s.
   
The modern Pope lives in [[Vatican]], a religious city state in [[Italy]], but originally the Pope lived in Rome, although a few Popes and Antipopes set up their capital elsewhere (eg Clement V in Avignon). At some stage the Vatican became a formal city state independant of [[Rome]].
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The modern Pope lives in [[Vatican]], a religious city state in [[Italy]], but originally the Pope lived in [[Rome]], although a few Popes and [[Antipope]]s set up their capital elsewhere (eg [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_V Clement V] in [[Avignon]]).
   
 
A list of mid to late medieval popes can be found at :
 
A list of mid to late medieval popes can be found at :

Revision as of 13:44, 10 November 2003

The head of the Roman Catholic Church, elected by cardinals of that church. Normally celibate, although some notable exceptions occur to this during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

During the Middle Ages, the Pope could have enormous power (see crusade). Theoretically, there is only one Pope. However, several times during the Middle Ages there were multiple Popes, each of which claimed they were the legitimate and rightful Pope. The ones who eventually lost are known as Antipopes.

The modern Pope lives in Vatican, a religious city state in Italy, but originally the Pope lived in Rome, although a few Popes and Antipopes set up their capital elsewhere (eg Clement V in Avignon).

A list of mid to late medieval popes can be found at : [[1]] Unfortunately this leaves out the antipopes, which can be seen in the briefer listing at: [[2]]