Peire Cardenal

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During his extraordinarily long life, the troubadour Peire Cardenal saw his native Occitan culture from its highest point decline to its post-Albigensian Crusade state.

According to his biography by Miguel de la Tor, Peire came from Velay, the son of a knight and a lady. He studied at the foremost cathedral school in Puy before becoming a song writer. He visited the courts of kings and barons, and had a jongleur to sing with him.

Peire Cardenal is best known for his pious works. Those songs which lambasted hypocritical clerics won him many enemies.