Difference between revisions of "Papal State"

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While the Pope controlled the Papal States, he was a de facto [[Secular]] Italian prince. One of the points of the leaders of the [[Reformation]], such as [[Martin Luther]] was that the Pope by controlling these lands had abjured his [[Spritual]] responsibilities for [[Temporal]] gains.
 
While the Pope controlled the Papal States, he was a de facto [[Secular]] Italian prince. One of the points of the leaders of the [[Reformation]], such as [[Martin Luther]] was that the Pope by controlling these lands had abjured his [[Spritual]] responsibilities for [[Temporal]] gains.
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[[Category: Kingdoms (medieval)]]

Revision as of 18:03, 11 July 2007

The Papal States are the personal lands of the pope, held by him in a feudal manner in the same way as any other crown, except that the pope is not a hereditary office, it is elected.

The area of the Papal States varied widely during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, however they usually included Rome, Viterbo, Urbino and ocassionally lands as far north as Ferrara, Bologna, Parma and Modena.

To the south of the Papal States is the Kingdom of Naples.

While the Pope controlled the Papal States, he was a de facto Secular Italian prince. One of the points of the leaders of the Reformation, such as Martin Luther was that the Pope by controlling these lands had abjured his Spritual responsibilities for Temporal gains.