Difference between revisions of "Old English"

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'''Old English''' is an early form of the English [[language]] that was spoken in [[England]] around 1000 years ago. It is sometimes called [[Anglo-Saxon]]. The language spoken in England is considered Old English [[450]] [[AD]] until some time after the [[Norman]] invasion of England (around [[1066]] [[AD]]), when it becomes [[Middle English]]. Most Old English texts are now [[Transliteration|transliterated]] rather than being produced in [[period]] typefaces.  
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'''Old English''' is an early form of the [[English]] [[language]] that was spoken in [[England]] around 1000 years ago. It is sometimes called [[Anglo-Saxon]] as it was mainly derived from the tongue of the [[Saxon]]s. The language spoken in England is considered Old English [[450]] [[AD]] until some time after the [[Norman conquest|Norman invasion]] of England (around [[1066]] [[AD]]), when it becomes [[Middle English]]. Most Old English texts are now [[Transliteration|transliterated]] rather than being produced in [[period]] typefaces.  
  
 
== Major differences from modern English ==
 
== Major differences from modern English ==
 
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* Extra letters (such as "", "", and "")
 
* Different sound values for letters.
 
* Different sound values for letters.
 
* Different grammar (including cases: nominative, dative, genitive and accusative.)
 
* Different grammar (including cases: nominative, dative, genitive and accusative.)
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=== The Lord's Prayer (showing change over time) ===
 
=== The Lord's Prayer (showing change over time) ===
Many early examples of old english (and other period languages) are of a religious nature. The Lord's Prayer is a good example of the change in [[English]] over time.
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Many early examples of Old English (and other period languages) are of a religious nature. The Lord's Prayer is a good example of the change in [[English]] over time.
  
====Dated 1611 AD.====
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<b>''Dated 1611 AD.''</b>
 
:Our father which art in heauen,
 
:Our father which art in heauen,
 
:hallowed be thy name.
 
:hallowed be thy name.
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:Amen.
 
:Amen.
  
Most modern English speakers should be able to understand this version of the Lord's Prayer. Note the use of u in place of v. It is not until fairly recently that u an v have been considered separate letters (a good example of this can be seen in the glossary of the [[Forme of Cury]]).
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Most modern English speakers should be able to understand this version of the Lord's Prayer. Note the use of "u" in place of "v". It is not until fairly recently that "u" an "v" have been considered separate letters (a good example of this can be seen in the glossary of the [[Forme of Cury]]).
  
====Dated 1384 AD. ====
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<b>''Dated 1384 AD. ''</b>
  
  
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:And lede us not into temptacion but delyuere us from euyl.
 
:And lede us not into temptacion but delyuere us from euyl.
  
 
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Most modern English speakers should be able to understand some of this version of the Lord's Prayer when written. Spoken it would sound a great deal different; for instance, "ou" is pronounced like "oo" and in general the vowels have their continental value ("oorra fahderr thut arrt in ai(r)venas ulwid bai(r) thee nahma", with trilled "rr"). Note the use of the letter "", this has essentially the same value as "th" in modern English.
  
====Dated circa 1000 AD.====
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<b>''Dated circa 1000 AD.''</b>
  
  
This version of the Lord's Prayer probably isn't recognizable by the majority of modern English speakers. 1000 AD is before the [[Norman]] [[invasion]] of [[England]] and therefore many of the words in Modern English that were taken from French are not yet present in the language.
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This version of the Lord's Prayer probably isn't recognizable by the majority of modern English speakers. 1000 AD is before the [[Norman conquest|Norman invasion]] of [[England]] and therefore many of the words in Modern English that were taken from [[French]] are not yet present in the language.
  
 
===Other Examples===
 
===Other Examples===

Revision as of 10:21, 9 November 2004