Difference between revisions of "Old English"

From Cunnan
Jump to navigationJump to search
m (Reverted edit of 38.112.17.90, changed back to last version by Cian)
(Gunner)
Line 6: Line 6:
 
* Different grammar (including cases: nominative, dative, genitive and accusative.)
 
* Different grammar (including cases: nominative, dative, genitive and accusative.)
  
== Samples of Old English ==
 
=== Beowulf (circa 900 AD) ===
 
[[Beowulf]] is a traditional heroic epic poem in Old English alliterative verse. At 3182 lines, it is far more substantial than any similar work in the language, representing about 10% of the extant [[Anglo-Saxon]] corpus. The poem is untitled in the [[manuscript]], but has been known as Beowulf since the early [[19th century]].
 
  
An e-text of Beowulf can be found at http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/beo/index.htm
 
An e-text in the original Anglo-Saxon/Old English can be found at http://free.hostdepartment.com/R/Ridan/BeowulfAS.htm
 
 
=== The Lord's Prayer (showing change over time) ===
 
Many early examples of Old English (and other period languages) are of a religious nature. The Lord's Prayer is a good example of the change in [[English]] over time.
 
 
<b>''Dated 1611 AD.''</b>
 
:Our father which art in heauen,
 
:hallowed be thy name.
 
:Thy kingdom come.
 
:Thy will be done in earth as it is in heauen.
 
:Giue us this day our daily bread.
 
:And forgiue us our debts as we forgiue our debters.
 
:And lead us not into temptation,
 
:but deliuer us from euill.
 
:Amen.
 
 
Most modern English speakers should be able to understand this version of the Lord's Prayer. Note the use of "u" in place of "v". It is not until fairly recently that "u" an "v" have been considered separate letters (a good example of this can be seen in the glossary of the [[Forme of Cury]]).
 
 
<b>''Dated 1384 AD. ''</b>
 
 
 
 
:yeue to us today oure eche dayes bred.
 
 
:And lede us not into temptacion but delyuere us from euyl.
 
 
 
 
<b>''Dated circa 1000 AD.''</b>
 
 
 
This version of the Lord's Prayer probably isn't recognizable by the majority of modern English speakers. 1000 AD is before the [[Norman conquest|Norman invasion]] of [[England]] and therefore many of the words in Modern English that were taken from [[French]] are not yet present in the language.
 
 
===Other Examples===
 
 
* [[Battle of Brunnanburh]]
 
* [[Beowulf]]
 
* [[Exeter Riddles]]
 
 
===Manuscripts written in Old English===
 
 
* [[Beowulf manuscript]]
 
* [[MS Junius XI]]
 
* [[The Exeter Book]]
 
* [[The Vercelli Book]]
 
* [[Anglo-Saxon Chronicle]]
 
  
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==

Revision as of 13:08, 14 January 2007