Medicine

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Some cultures believed that plants have souls. In 4th century BC, Aristotle believed that plants had a psyche.

In medieval Europe, the Doctrine of Signatures stated there was a connection between how a plant looked (God's signature) and how it could be used medicinally, such as the Lungwort (which looks like a lung) which was/is used to treat respiratory illnesses.

Period medicines:

Decongestants

Carminatives/Laxatives

Diurtetics

Respiratory medicines

For a sore throat

For healing wounds

Healing ulcers

Emmenagogues

Stimulants

Relaxant

Astringents

To soothe your mouth/gums

Medieval Narcotics

Interesting texts: Chevallier, A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, DK, London. 1996.