Difference between revisions of "James IV"

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Born the eldest son of [[James III]] of [[Scotland]] and his wife, Margaret, [[princess]] of [[Denmark]], '''James IV''' came to the throne at the age of 15, in succession to his father, who was murdered in the course of a rebellion by Scots nobles.
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Born the eldest son of [[James III]] of [[Scotland]] and his wife, Margaret, [[princess]] of [[Denmark]], '''James IV''' came to the [[throne]] at the age of 15, in [[becoming king|succession]] to his father, who was [[murder]]ed in the course of a rebellion by Scots [[noble]]s.
   
The younger James felt responsibility for his father's death, given that he had been the rebels' figurehead -- thereafter, throughout his lfie, he is said to have worn an iron chain round his waist, adding a weight to it each year on the anniversary.
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The younger James felt responsibility for his father's death, given that he had been the rebels' figurehead -- thereafter, throughout his life, he is said to have worn an [[iron]] [[chain]] round his waist, adding a weight to it each year on the anniversary.
   
Under James IV Scotland was driven forward into an age of progress. A navy was founded, printing introduced, a third university founded, and the science of architecture was developed. James himself was said to be fluent in no less than five langauages, without including the Scots Gaelic of most of his people, not to mention possessing the skill (or art) of dentistry, at a level which allowed him to charge for his servcies.
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Under James IV Scotland was driven forward into an age of progress. A [[navy]] was founded, [[printing]] introduced, a third [[university]] founded, and the [[science]] of [[architecture]] was developed. James himself was said to be fluent in no less than five [[language]]s, without including the [[Scots Gaelic]] of most of his people, not to mention possessing the skill (or art) of [[dentistry]], at a level which allowed him to charge for his services.
   
James suppressed the most violent among his nobility, notbly the MacDonalds, from whom he removed the Lordship of the Isles, as well as parts of their lands. He also sought to regularise relations with Scotland's oldest foe, [[England]]. The [[Tudor]]s had just seized the [[throne]] there, but James was persuaded that the [[pretender]] [[Perkin Warbeck]] was the true monarch, and supported him until Warbecks's death, although not with military force.. Thereafter the two nations agreed a 7-year truce from hostilities, and negotiations were opened for a longer peace. In this regard, after the mysterious death, by poison, of his mistress Margaret Drummond (together with both her sisters), James became betrothed to, and finally married, Margaret, daughter of England's [[king]] [[Henry VII]]. He was 28; she was 12. A declaration of lasting peace was made which lasted for all of 10 years until England went to war with [[France]], who had a pre-exisiting treaty with Scotland which required James to support them.
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James suppressed the most violent among his [[nobility]], notably the MacDonalds, from whom he removed the [[Lord of the Isles|Lordship of the Isles]], as well as parts of their lands. He also sought to regularise relations with Scotland's oldest foe, [[England]]. The [[Tudor]]s had just seized the [[throne]] there, but James was persuaded that the [[pretender]] [[Perkin Warbeck]] was the true [[monarch]], and supported him until Warbecks's death, although not with [[military]] force. Thereafter the two nations agreed a 7-year truce from hostilities, and negotiations were opened for a longer peace. In this regard, after the mysterious [[death]], by [[poison]], of his mistress Margaret Drummond (together with both her sisters), James became betrothed to, and finally [[marriage|married]], Margaret, daughter of England's [[king]] [[Henry VII]]. He was 28; she was 12. A declaration of lasting peace was made which lasted for all of 10 years until England went to [[war]] with [[France]], who had a pre-existing [[treaty]] with Scotland which required James to support them.
   
The English countered by attacking Scottish shipping and, regretfully, James felt complelled to launch an invasion, and at '''Flodden''' on September 9, 1513 James was killed in battle. His infant son, [[James V]], succeeded him.
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The English countered by attacking Scottish [[ship]]ping and, regretfully, James felt compelled to launch an invasion, and at Flodden on September 9, 1513 James was killed in [[battle]]. His infant son, [[James V]], succeeded him.
   
   

Revision as of 09:51, 13 June 2006

Born the eldest son of James III of Scotland and his wife, Margaret, princess of Denmark, James IV came to the throne at the age of 15, in succession to his father, who was murdered in the course of a rebellion by Scots nobles.

The younger James felt responsibility for his father's death, given that he had been the rebels' figurehead -- thereafter, throughout his life, he is said to have worn an iron chain round his waist, adding a weight to it each year on the anniversary.

Under James IV Scotland was driven forward into an age of progress. A navy was founded, printing introduced, a third university founded, and the science of architecture was developed. James himself was said to be fluent in no less than five languages, without including the Scots Gaelic of most of his people, not to mention possessing the skill (or art) of dentistry, at a level which allowed him to charge for his services.

James suppressed the most violent among his nobility, notably the MacDonalds, from whom he removed the Lordship of the Isles, as well as parts of their lands. He also sought to regularise relations with Scotland's oldest foe, England. The Tudors had just seized the throne there, but James was persuaded that the pretender Perkin Warbeck was the true monarch, and supported him until Warbecks's death, although not with military force. Thereafter the two nations agreed a 7-year truce from hostilities, and negotiations were opened for a longer peace. In this regard, after the mysterious death, by poison, of his mistress Margaret Drummond (together with both her sisters), James became betrothed to, and finally married, Margaret, daughter of England's king Henry VII. He was 28; she was 12. A declaration of lasting peace was made which lasted for all of 10 years until England went to war with France, who had a pre-existing treaty with Scotland which required James to support them.

The English countered by attacking Scottish shipping and, regretfully, James felt compelled to launch an invasion, and at Flodden on September 9, 1513 James was killed in battle. His infant son, James V, succeeded him.


Smallscotarms.PNG
Scottish kings

James IV

Smallscotarms.PNG
Preceded by
James III
Reigned
1488-1513
Succeeded by
James V

This page was based on a variety of on-line sources.