Difference between revisions of "Italian wars"

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The '''Italian Wars''' were a series of wars for control over the States of Italy, mainly involving [[France]], [[Spain]], and the various [[Italian States]] but also involving most other European states, and the imprisonment for several months of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_VII Pope Clement VII]. France fared well for a while, but in the end the battle was won by Spain (or more accurately the [[Hapsburg]] family).
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The '''Italian Wars''' were a six-cornered grand melee between Milan, Venice, Genoa, Florence, the Papacy and Naples for domination of Italy. [[France]] looked good for a while, but in the end [[Spain]] (or more accurately the [[Hapsburg family]]) won.  
  
The origin or the wars was the plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraging French involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded [[Italy]], formally beginning the wars.
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The wars fell into several distinct phases.
  
 
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The first phase was fundamentally between Milan and Venice about control of northern Italy. It was a purely Italian affair, and was ended with the Peace of Lodi in 1453.
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The second phase saw seveal small, limited, local wars ; [[Florence]] against [[Naples]] and the [[Papacy]] in 1478-80 and then [[Venice]] against the [[Papacy]] in 1482-84.
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The second phase was in 1494 when plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraged French involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded [[Italy]], formally beginning the next phase of the wars.
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In 1512 the [[Swiss]] defeated the French to restore Milanese independance, and extorted Locarno and the Lugarno valley out of the Milanese - these territories are still Swiss.
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Spanish intervention followed the French, and the
  
 
The Italian Wars are a popular period for [[SCA]] people to focus their activities, especially those interested in [[mercenary companies]] and other [[martial]] activities in the mid-[[Renaissance]].  There were many changes of allegiance during the wars, an activity that also appears to be popular at [[Rowany Festival]] and [[Spring War]].  The armour and weapons of the period are easy to find [[documentation]] for, and similarly the [[clothing]] and [[military costume]] of the period is colourful and attractive to wear, while not being of extraordinary difficulty for the more experienced [[costumer]].
 
The Italian Wars are a popular period for [[SCA]] people to focus their activities, especially those interested in [[mercenary companies]] and other [[martial]] activities in the mid-[[Renaissance]].  There were many changes of allegiance during the wars, an activity that also appears to be popular at [[Rowany Festival]] and [[Spring War]].  The armour and weapons of the period are easy to find [[documentation]] for, and similarly the [[clothing]] and [[military costume]] of the period is colourful and attractive to wear, while not being of extraordinary difficulty for the more experienced [[costumer]].

Revision as of 15:44, 13 November 2003