Difference between revisions of "Italian wars"

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The '''Italian Wars''' were a six-cornered grand melee between [[Milan]], [[Venice]], [[Genoa]], [[Florence]], the [[Papacy]] and [[Naples]] for domination of Italy. [[France]] looked good for a while, but in the end [[Spain]] (or more accurately the [[Hapsburg family]]) won.  
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The '''Italian Wars''' were a six-cornered grand melee between [[Milan]], [[Venice]], [[Genoa]], [[Florence]], the [[Papacy]] and [[Naples]] for domination of Italy. [[France]] looked good for a while, but in the end [[Spain]] (or more accurately, the [[Hapsburg family]]) won.  
  
 
The wars fell into several distinct phases.
 
The wars fell into several distinct phases.
  
The first phase was fundamentally between [[Milan]] and [[Venice]] about control of northern Italy. It was a purely Italian affair, and was ended with the Peace of Lodi in 1453.
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The first phase was fundamentally between [[Milan]] and [[Venice]], over control of northern Italy. It was a purely Italian affair, and was ended with the Peace of Lodi in 1453.
  
 
The second phase saw several small, limited, local wars ; [[Florence]] against [[Naples]] and the [[Papacy]] in 1478-80 and then [[Venice]] against the [[Papacy]] in 1482-84.
 
The second phase saw several small, limited, local wars ; [[Florence]] against [[Naples]] and the [[Papacy]] in 1478-80 and then [[Venice]] against the [[Papacy]] in 1482-84.
  
The second phase was in 1494 when plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraged French involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded [[Italy]], formally beginning the next phase of the wars.
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The second phase was in 1494, when the plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraged French involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded [[Italy]], formally beginning the next phase of the wars.
  
In 1512 the [[Swiss]] defeated the French to restore Milanese independance, and extorted Locarno and the Lugarno valley out of the Milanese - these territories are still Swiss.
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In 1512 the [[Swiss]] defeated the French, restored Milanese independence, and promptly extorted Locarno and the Lugarno valley from the Milanese - these territories are still Swiss.
  
  
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French should be relaxed and comfortable about the wars ; after all, is it not a fine life for a gentleman to live on his estates in the winter, and then campaign in Italy in the summer ?
 
French should be relaxed and comfortable about the wars ; after all, is it not a fine life for a gentleman to live on his estates in the winter, and then campaign in Italy in the summer ?
  
English should keep an eye out for the main chance ; [[John Hawkwood]] and co made a decent living ("Dont wanna hire us, guv ? Thats OK. I'm sure one of your neighbours will").
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English should keep an eye out for the main chance ; [[John Hawkwood]] and co made a decent living ("Don't wanna hire us, guv? That's OK. I'm sure one of your neighbours will").
  
  

Revision as of 15:27, 10 December 2003