Difference between revisions of "Italian wars"

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A series of wars for control over the States of Italy, mainly involving [[France]], [[Spain]], and the various [[Italian States]] but also involving most other European states, and the imprisonment for several months of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_VII Pope Clement VII].
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The '''Italian Wars''' were a six-cornered grand [[melee]] between [[Milan]], [[Venice]], [[Genoa]], [[Florence]], the [[Papacy]] and [[Naples]] for domination of [[Italy]]. [[France]] looked good for a while, but in the end [[Spain]] (or more accurately, the [[Hapsburg family]]) won.  
  
The origin or the wars was the plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraging French involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded [[Italy]], formally beginning the wars.
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==Phases of the Wars==
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The [[war]]s fell into several distinct phases.
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===Phase One (-1453) ===
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The first phase was fundamentally between [[Milan]] and [[Venice]], over control of northern [[Italy]]. It was a purely Italian affair, and was ended with the Peace of Lodi in 1453.
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===Phase Two (1478-1512)===
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The second phase saw several small, limited, local wars ; [[Florence]] against [[Naples]] and the [[Papacy]] in 1478-80 and then [[Venice]] against the [[Papacy]] in 1482-84.
  
The wars finally ended with the [http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Cateau-Cambr%e9sis Treaty of ], leaving [[Spain]] as the dominant power in the region.
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The second phase was in 1494, when the plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraged [[France|French]] involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded Italy, formally beginning the next phase of the wars.
  
The '''Italian Wars''' are a popular period for [[SCA]] people to focus their activities, especially those interested in [[mercenary companies]] and other [[martial]] activities in the mid-[[Renaissance]].  There were many changes of allegiance during the wars, an activity that also appears to be popular at [[Rowany Festival]] and [[Spring War]].  The armour and weapons of the period are easy to find [[documentation]] for, and similarly the [[clothing]] and [[military costume]] of the period is colourful and attractive to wear, while not being of extraordinary difficulty for the more experienced [[costumer]].
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In 1512 the [[Switzerland|Swiss]] defeated the French, restored Milanese independence, and promptly extorted Locarno and the Lugarno valley from the Milanese - these territories are still Swiss.
  
Anton Notes :
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Spanish intervention followed the French, and the wars finally ended with the [http:
  
The Italian Wars were a six-cornered grand melee between Milan, Venice, Genoa, Florence, the Papacy and Naples for domination of Italy. France looked good for a while, but in the end Spain (or more accurately the Hapsburg family) won.
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The Italian Wars are a popular period for [[SCA]] people to focus their activities, especially those interested in [[mercenary companies]] and other [[martial]] activities in the mid-[[Renaissance]].  There were many changes of allegiance during the wars, an activity that also appears to be popular at [[Rowany Festival]] and [[Spring War]].  The [[armour]] and weapons of the period are easy to find [[documentation]] for, and similarly the [[clothing]] and [[military costume]] of the period is colourful and attractive to wear, while not being of extraordinary difficulty for the more experienced [[costumer]].
  
== Battles ==
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== Persona Notes ==
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If you are from one of the Italian cities, you should be loyal to that city rather than to 'Italy' as a whole. The wars are bad, but the barbarians being invited into Italy are worse.
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If you are from France, then you should be relaxed and comfortable about the wars. After all, is it not a fine life for a gentleman to live on his estates in the winter, and then campaign in Italy in the summer ?
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If you are from England, then you should keep an eye out for the main chance. [[John Hawkwood]] and company made a decent living from the disputes ("Don't wanna hire us, guv? That's OK. I'm sure one of your neighbours will").
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== [[Battle]]s ==
  
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fornovo Battle of Fornovo 1495]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fornovo Battle of Fornovo 1495]
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(any images of this period, people??)
 
(any images of this period, people??)
  
=== Costuming ===
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=== [[Clothing|Costuming]] ===
  
 
* look for works by [http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpaccio Carpaccio].
 
* look for works by [http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpaccio Carpaccio].
  
=== Art and Architecture ===
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=== [[Art]] and [[Architecture]] ===
  
* The court of [[Urbino]] under [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico+II+da+Montefeltro Federico da Montefeltro] and his son [[Guidobaldo da Montefeltro]].
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* The [[court]] of [[Urbino]] under [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico+II+da+Montefeltro Federico da Montefeltro] and his son [[Guidobaldo da Montefeltro]].
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[[category:wars (medieval)]]

Latest revision as of 22:05, 27 May 2006