Difference between revisions of "Italian wars"

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The '''Italian Wars''' were a six-cornered grand melee between [[Milan]], [[Venice]], [[Genoa]], [[Florence]], the [[Papacy]] and [[Naples]] for domination of Italy. [[France]] looked good for a while, but in the end [[Spain]] (or more accurately, the [[Hapsburg family]]) won.  
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The '''Italian Wars''' were a six-cornered grand [[melee]] between [[Milan]], [[Venice]], [[Genoa]], [[Florence]], the [[Papacy]] and [[Naples]] for domination of [[Italy]]. [[France]] looked good for a while, but in the end [[Spain]] (or more accurately, the [[Hapsburg family]]) won.  
  
 
==Phases of the Wars==
 
==Phases of the Wars==
The wars fell into several distinct phases.
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The [[war]]s fell into several distinct phases.
===Phase One===
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===Phase One (-1453) ===
The first phase was fundamentally between [[Milan]] and [[Venice]], over control of northern Italy. It was a purely Italian affair, and was ended with the Peace of Lodi in 1453.
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The first phase was fundamentally between [[Milan]] and [[Venice]], over control of northern [[Italy]]. It was a purely Italian affair, and was ended with the Peace of Lodi in 1453.
===Phase Two===
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===Phase Two (1478-1512)===
 
The second phase saw several small, limited, local wars ; [[Florence]] against [[Naples]] and the [[Papacy]] in 1478-80 and then [[Venice]] against the [[Papacy]] in 1482-84.
 
The second phase saw several small, limited, local wars ; [[Florence]] against [[Naples]] and the [[Papacy]] in 1478-80 and then [[Venice]] against the [[Papacy]] in 1482-84.
  
The second phase was in 1494, when the plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraged French involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded [[Italy]], formally beginning the next phase of the wars.
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The second phase was in 1494, when the plotting of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovico_Sforza Ludovico Sforza] of [[Milan]] a.k.a. "Ludovico il Moro" encouraged [[France|French]] involvement.  Eventually, in [[1494]], [[Charles VIII of France]] invaded Italy, formally beginning the next phase of the wars.
  
In 1512 the [[Swiss]] defeated the French, restored Milanese independence, and promptly extorted Locarno and the Lugarno valley from the Milanese - these territories are still Swiss.
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In 1512 the [[Switzerland|Swiss]] defeated the French, restored Milanese independence, and promptly extorted Locarno and the Lugarno valley from the Milanese - these territories are still Swiss.
  
  
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== Battles ==
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== [[Battle]]s ==
  
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fornovo Battle of Fornovo 1495]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fornovo Battle of Fornovo 1495]
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(any images of this period, people??)
 
(any images of this period, people??)
  
=== Costuming ===
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=== [[Clothing|Costuming]] ===
  
 
* look for works by [http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpaccio Carpaccio].
 
* look for works by [http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpaccio Carpaccio].
  
=== Art and Architecture ===
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=== [[Art]] and [[Architecture]] ===
  
* The court of [[Urbino]] under [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico+II+da+Montefeltro Federico da Montefeltro] and his son [[Guidobaldo da Montefeltro]].
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* The [[court]] of [[Urbino]] under [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico+II+da+Montefeltro Federico da Montefeltro] and his son [[Guidobaldo da Montefeltro]].
[[category:battles (medieval)]]
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[[category:wars (medieval)]]

Latest revision as of 22:05, 27 May 2006