Difference between revisions of "Galliard"

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== Arbeau on the Galliard ==
 
== Arbeau on the Galliard ==
[[Arbeau]] writes that the galliard is also called a five step, and is a "quick and gay dance" most suitable for young folk.  It is closely related to the [[tourdion]] which can be considered a slow form of Galliard.
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[[Arbeau]] writes that the galliard is also called a five step, and is a "quick and gay dance" most suitable for young folk.  It is closely related to the [[tourdion]] which can be considered a smaller and faster form of Galliard.
  
The dance begins with a gentleman holding a lady by the hand.   He [[reverence]]s to her and the dance begins. The pair circle the room, dancing gently (toudion fashion for the ladies comfort), and then the lady dances away alone. The gentleman, now free to perform more boisterous kicks, follows untill he stands in front of the lady.  In this position he can exhibit his most elabourate and boisterous steps for the lady and audience.
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The dance begins with a gentleman holding a lady by the hand. He [[reverence]]s to her and the dance begins. The pair circle the room, dancing gently (tourdion fashion) or else simply walking, and then the lady dances away alone. The gentleman, now free to perform more boisterous kicks, follows untill he stands in front of the lady.  In this position he can exhibit his most elabourate and boisterous steps for the lady and audience.
  
The galliard consists of four steps, whose composition varies, followed by a [[saut majeur]] and [[posture]]. This is accompanied by music with six beats, although normally the 5th beat may be a rest.
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The galliard consists of four steps, whose composition varies, followed by a [[saut majeur]] and [[posture]]. This is accompanied by music with six beats, although normally the 5th beat may be a rest.
  
 
In the discussion below, brief tranlations of the dance steps will be given, but the step descriptions (linked) give more intricate detail of the movements.  
 
In the discussion below, brief tranlations of the dance steps will be given, but the step descriptions (linked) give more intricate detail of the movements.  
  
 
[[Arbeau]] suggests the following step sequence for a galliard:
 
[[Arbeau]] suggests the following step sequence for a galliard:
 
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(forward with left foot)
 
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(forward with right foot)
  
  
 
*[[saut majeur]] - jump
 
*[[saut majeur]] - jump
*[[posture gauche]] - left foot some distance in front of the right, both with soles flat to the floor, front foot pointing forwards, back foot sideways.  Legs are held fairly stright.
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*[[posture gauche]] - left foot some distance in front of the right, both with soles flat to the floor, front foot pointing forwards, back foot diagonally sideways.  Legs are not bent very deeply, and weight is on both feet.
  
This is followed by repeating these steps, beginning on the opposite foot, and then beginning on the the left foot again. The sequence of ''' five steps ''' (the [[saut majeur]] isn't counted) is continued, with variations, for the duration of the music. [[Arbeau]] appears to prefer that two ''five steps''', ie one starting with each foot, are completed before choosing a new variation, or repeating the variation.
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This is followed by repeating these steps, beginning on the opposite foot, and then beginning on the the left foot again. For the variations, Arbeau has the steps begin to the opposite side from the above instructions. The sequence of ''' five steps ''' (the [[saut majeur]] isn't counted) is continued, with variations, for the duration of the music. [[Arbeau]] appears to prefer that two ''five steps''', ie one starting with each foot, are completed before choosing a new variation, or repeating the variation.
  
  
 
===some variations suggested by Arbeau===
 
===some variations suggested by Arbeau===
*use and instead of [[]] and [[gauche]] (kick right)
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*Annother cinq pas
*Annother set
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**- hook right foot around in front of left leg
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**- hook left foot around in front of right leg
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**[[
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**[[saut majeur]] - jump
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**[[posture gauche]] - posture, left foot in front
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*Annother cinq pas
  
**[[posture droit]] '''without''' [[petit saut]] - A posture but with only the heel of the front foot touching the ground and the knee kept rigid (straight).  
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**[[posture droite]] '''without''' [[petit saut]] - A posture but with only the heel of the front foot touching the ground and the knee held stiff and straight.  
droit]]
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droite]]
  
 
**[[saut majeur]] - jump
 
**[[saut majeur]] - jump
 
**[[posture gauche]] - posture, left foot in front
 
**[[posture gauche]] - posture, left foot in front
 
*For the galliard 'love let me kiss""
 
*For the galliard 'love let me kiss""
**[[ruade droit]] - right foot raised behind the body
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**[[ruade droite]] - right foot kick backwards
(right?) foot crossed in front of body '''or''' [[gauche]] - high kick left
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gauche]] - left foot crossed in front of right leg '''or''' [[gauche]] - high kick left
**[[ruade droit]] - right foot raised behind the body
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**[[ruade droite]] - right foot kick backwards
**[[entretaille droit]] '''resulting in''' [[gauche]]
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**[[entretaille droite]] '''resulting in''' [[gauche]]
 
**[[saut majeur]] - jump
 
**[[saut majeur]] - jump
**[[posture droit]] - posture, right foot in front
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**[[posture droite]] - posture, right foot in front
 
*More variations suggested for the galliard 'love let me kiss""
 
*More variations suggested for the galliard 'love let me kiss""
**[[pieds joits]] - feet together with straight legs
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**[[pieds joints]] - feet together with straight legs
  
**[[ruade droite]] - right foot raised behind the body
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**[[ruade droite]] - right foot kick backwards
**[[entretaille droit]] '''resulting in''' [[gauche]] - transfer of weight leading to high kick right
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**[[entretaille droite]] '''resulting in''' [[gauche]] - transfer of weight leading to high kick right
 
**[[saut majeur]] - jump
 
**[[saut majeur]] - jump
**[[posture droit]] - posture, right foot in front
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**[[posture droite]] - posture, right foot in front
 
*substitute [[posture]]s for the [[pieds joints]] (feet together) in the above two variations
 
*substitute [[posture]]s for the [[pieds joints]] (feet together) in the above two variations
 
*substitute [[posture]]s danced sideways as if they were [[pieds largis]] (feet flat, legs apart, weight evenly distributed), for the [[pied joints]] (feet together) in the above two variations
 
*substitute [[posture]]s danced sideways as if they were [[pieds largis]] (feet flat, legs apart, weight evenly distributed), for the [[pied joints]] (feet together) in the above two variations

Revision as of 22:26, 22 February 2006