French

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French is the language that developed in northern France, and parts of Belgium and Switzerland and derived from a mixture of Latin, Frankish and Gaulish.

The earliest extant French text is The Oath of Strasbourg, from 842 CE. The dialects of Old French are called collectively langue d'oil. Middle French developed around the end of the 13th century, and saw the end of the declension system.

Latin was still used as the official court language of France until King Francis I passed the Ordinance of Villers-

See Also