The sexual gland of a plant.
it produces nectar to attract insects, and pollen with which it shares it's genes to other plants.
Humans find flowers attractive for their beauty and scent. Humans also find some flowers useful as herbs (eg camomile), spices (eg cloves), dyestuffs (eg saffron and safflower), garnishes, perfumes(eg lavender), food sweeteners (eg rosewater).
Flowers could be very symbolic during the middle ages, for example, the rose is much tied up with chivalry.
Some flowers known during the medieval period:
- roses (old fashioned single petal varieties, not the modern varieties - see http://www.florilegium.org/files/PLANTS/roses-art.html)
- carnations (see http://www.florilegium.org/files/PLANTS/Gillyflower-art.html
- winter rose or Helibore
- daffodils (smaller flowered varieties)
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