Difference between revisions of "Eadric Streona"

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Much of what is known about '''Eadric''' comes from the ''Saxon Chronicle'', whose editors do not seem to have liked him. However, he does seem to have had an unfortunate talent for choosing the winning side in conflicts, usually while to conflict was going on.<p>
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Much of what is known about '''Eadric''' comes from the ''[[Anglo-Saxon Chronicle]]'', whose editors do not seem to have liked him. However, he does seem to have had an unfortunate talent for choosing the winning side in conflicts, usually while the conflict was going on.
Born of ignoble stock, he made himself useful to King [[Aethelred Unraed|Ethelred]], and was made ealdorman of the Mercians in 1007, and given Ethelred's daughter, Eadgyth, in marriage. The next year, when Ethelred tried to raise a fleet to defend against Viking attacks, Eadric is said to have advised against this, and then to have raised feuds amongst his family which distracted the king. The implication drawn by the Chroniclers was that, in this, Eadric was complicit with the raiders. The fleet (possibly storm damaged) failed to stop an invasion in 1009, and Ethelred only got rid of the raiders by paying tribute of around
 
   
 
Born of ignoble stock, he made himself useful to King [[Aethelred Unraed|Ethelred]] II, and was made [[ealdorman]] of the Mercians in 1007, and given Ethelred's daughter, Eadgyth, in marriage. The next year, when Ethelred tried to raise a fleet to defend against Viking attacks, Eadric is said to have advised against this, and then to have raised feuds amongst his family which distracted the king. The implication drawn by the Chroniclers was that, in this, Eadric was complicit with the raiders. The fleet (possibly storm damaged) failed to stop an invasion in 1009, and Ethelred only got rid of the raiders by paying tribute of around
In 1015, [[Canute the Great|Cnut]] sailed for England. [[Aethelred Unraed|Ethelred]] son, summoned a great council of nobles in Oxford. Eadric promptly murdered two of them, Siferth and Morcar, for reasons unstated. Ethelred seized their property and arrested Siferth's widow, Ealdgyth. His son [[Edmund Ironside|Edmund]], for reasons he saw good, promptly took the lady out of custody, married her, rode to Siferth's lands and, with the consent of the people there, took over Siferth's demesne.<br>
 
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Cnut landed, and Eadric, with 40 ships, deserted the king, and went over to him. As Cnut turned south, towards London, after ravaging Northumbria and killing its earl, Ethelred died and [[Edmund Ironside|Edmund]] his son chosen as king. Cnut beseiged London, but Edmund broke out, harried Cnut's forces, forceing him to break the seige, and catching him at Otford in Kent, doing bloody slaughter. At this point Eadric swapped sides again and joined Edmund. Who, for reasons unguessable, accepted him, with the foreseeable consequence.<br>
 
 
In 1015, [[Canute the Great|Cnut]] sailed for England. [[Aethelred Unraed|Ethelred]] <!-- son, (do you mean his son or was this a stray error?) --> summoned a great council of nobles in Oxford. Eadric promptly murdered two of them, Siferth and Morcar, for reasons unstated. Ethelred seized their property and arrested Siferth's widow, Ealdgyth. His son [[Edmund Ironside]], for reasons he saw good, promptly took the lady out of custody, married her, rode to Siferth's lands and, with the consent of the people there, took over Siferth's [[demesne]].
In battle at Ashingdon, Eadric went back over to Cnut, and Edmund was defeated, fleeing to Gloucestershire. The two agreed to split the kingdom, which lasted until Edmund died (or was murdered, possibly by Eadric) in November 1016. <br>
 
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Cnut landed, and Eadric, with 40 ships, deserted the king, and went over to him. As Cnut turned south, towards London, after ravaging Northumbria and killing its earl, Ethelred died and [[Edmund Ironside|Edmund]] his son was chosen as king. Cnut besieged London, but Edmund broke out, harried Cnut's forces, forcing him to break the siege, and caught him at Otford in Kent, doing bloody slaughter. At this point Eadric swapped sides again and joined Edmund. Who, for reasons unguessable, accepted him, with the foreseeable consequence.
Left, in 1017, as sole king, [[Canute the Great|Cnut]] gave Eadric the earldom of Mercia. Then he had second thoughts, and (according to the Chroniclers) asked Eadric how he could be sure, given his past history of betrayals, that he would remain loyal this time. To ensure his loyalty Cnut had Eadric executed. Eadgyth Cnut gave to another earl, Thorkell, of East Anglia, even while he himself was marrying Ethelred's widow, Aelgifu. <br>
 
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In battle at Ashingdon, Eadric went back over to Cnut, and Edmund was defeated, fleeing to Gloucestershire. The two agreed to split the kingdom, which lasted until Edmund died (or was murdered, possibly by Eadric) in November 1016.
A play ''Edmond Ironside'', written in the [[Elizabethan]] style, protrays Eadric as a villain of [[Richard iii|Ricardian]] hue, making him hate [[Edmund Ironside|Edmund]] for reminding Eadric of his base birth, whilst [[Canute the Great|Cnut]] valued him heedless of his origins.
 
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It also features an incident in which Eadric produces what he says is Edmund's head in order to induce his troops to surrender. The play has sometimes been ascribed to [[Shakespeare]], but the attribution is widly challenged, not least on the grounds that the play is rambling and poorly organised. Eadric as a character is, however, acknowleged as a prototypical Elizabethan villain.
 
 
Left as sole king, [[Canute the Great|Cnut]] gave Eadric the earldom of Mercia. Then he had second thoughts, and (according to the Chroniclers) asked Eadric how he could be sure, given his past history of betrayals, that he would remain loyal this time. To ensure his loyalty Cnut had Eadric executed. Eadgyth Cnut gave to another earl, Thorkell of East Anglia, even while he himself was marrying Ethelred's widow, Aelgifu. <br>
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A play ''Edmond Ironside'', written in the [[Elizabethan]] style, portrays Eadric as a villain of [[Richard III|Ricardian]] hue, making him hate [[Edmund Ironside|Edmund]] for reminding Eadric of his base birth, whilst [[Canute the Great|Cnut]] valued him heedless of his origins. It also features an incident in which Eadric produces what he says is Edmund's head in order to induce his troops to surrender. The play has sometimes been ascribed to [[Shakespeare]], but the attribution is widely challenged, not least on the grounds that the play is rambling and poorly organised. Eadric as a character is, however, acknowledged as a prototypical Elizabethan villain.
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In December 2005 the BBC History Magazine[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4560716.stm] named Eadric Streona the worst Briton of the eleventh century.

Revision as of 22:28, 27 December 2005