of the [[ military]] expeditions undertaken by [[ European]] Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the [[ Holy Land]] from the [[ Muslims]] - undertaken with [[papal sanction]]. |+|
Any the [] [] the [] the [].
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|−|A vigorous concerted movement for a cause or against an abuse - a [ campaign]. |+|
Revision as of 01:40, 12 August 2003
Any military expedition to free the Holy Land from Muslim occupation. These expeditions occurred during between the 11th century and the 14th century.
The crusades had multiple causes - Church reform, increased population in Western Europe, and the growth of the idea of knights as soldiers of the church. The success of the early crusades was due partially to division among the people occupying the Middle East.