Difference between revisions of "Coffee"

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'''Coffee''' usually refers to the roasted and ground [[bean]]s of the Coffea plant. It was first discovered in [[Ethiopia]] by the indigenous population. It was first cultivated circa 675 [[CE]] in [[Arabia]]. By the [[ninth century]], it was also drunk in [[Persia]]. [[Abu ibn Sina]] (aka Avicenna) was acquainted with coffee around 1000 CE.
A tropical African shrub or trees of the genus Coffea, widely cultivated in the tropics for their [[seeds]] that are dried, [[roasted]], and ground to prepare a stimulating aromatic drink.
 
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In 1475, the first coffee shop opened in [[Istanbul]]. Kiva Han is still open
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today. The first[[ Europe]]an to mention coffee was [[Prospero Alpino]] of [[Padua]], a visitor to [[Ottoman]]-controlled [[Egypt]] in 1580.
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During the [[17th century]] [[coffee house]]s opened in [[England]] and became quickly popular meeting places for men to engage in discussions. This distressed
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[[alehouse|alewives]] (due to competition) and some women (who believed coffee reduced men's virilty).
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=== Major References ===
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Private emails from [[Baron]] Hrölf Herjölfssen, [[OP|O.P.]], [[SCA]] [[Barony of Ynys Fawr]], [[Kingdom of Lochac]]
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==Coffee in the SCA==
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While coffee was not known in [[Europe]] during the [[medieval]] period, it is considered [[period by consensus]] in the [[SCA]].
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== References ==
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==External Links==
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*[http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/wsnlinks/index.php?action=displaycat&catid=1263 Atlantian A&S Links: Coffee]
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[[category:food]]
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[[category:17th century]]
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[[category:materials (modern)]]

Latest revision as of 06:04, 29 January 2010

Coffee usually refers to the roasted and ground beans of the Coffea plant. It was first discovered in Ethiopia by the indigenous population. It was first cultivated circa 675 CE in Arabia. By the ninth century, it was also drunk in Persia. Abu ibn Sina (aka Avicenna) was acquainted with coffee around 1000 CE.

In 1475, the first coffee shop opened in Istanbul. Kiva Han is still open today. The firstEuropean to mention coffee was Prospero Alpino of Padua, a visitor to Ottoman-controlled Egypt in 1580.

During the 17th century coffee houses opened in England and became quickly popular meeting places for men to engage in discussions. This distressed alewives (due to competition) and some women (who believed coffee reduced men's virilty).

Major References

Private emails from Baron Hrölf Herjölfssen, O.P., SCA Barony of Ynys Fawr, Kingdom of Lochac

Coffee in the SCA

While coffee was not known in Europe during the medieval period, it is considered period by consensus in the SCA.

References

External Links