Difference between revisions of "Byzantine Names"

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== A Short (and rough) Guide to Byzantine Names for SCA personae ==
+
'''A Short (and rough) Guide to Byzantine Names for [[SCA]] [[persona]]e'''
  +
 
This is a listing of names that may be useful for constructing [[Byzantine]] persona. Please note that this is compiled by a non-historian and non-linguist. When errors are detected, please let me know so that I can correct them. Additional material is always welcomed. It is a work in progress and will be added to as I have time to research more books. Some names of barbarians who became citizens are included. Names from client states such as Serbia and Bosnia, as well as adversaries, can be found in [[Mongol Names]].
 
This is a listing of names that may be useful for constructing [[Byzantine]] persona. Please note that this is compiled by a non-historian and non-linguist. When errors are detected, please let me know so that I can correct them. Additional material is always welcomed. It is a work in progress and will be added to as I have time to research more books. Some names of barbarians who became citizens are included. Names from client states such as Serbia and Bosnia, as well as adversaries, can be found in [[Mongol Names]].
   
=== Family Names ===
+
==Family Name==
 
The family name ends in us, as, os or es if the person is male and a or ina if female. Thus Alexius Comnenus daughter is Anna Comnena. Sometimes a series of surnames would be put together to show geneology by birth or marriage (eg Theodora Branaina Komnene Laskarina Cantacuzene Palaiologos, BL 4). This was more common in later periods and much more common with females than males. Originally surnames were often taken from an adjective or common word, but could be from a Latin or other barbarian name. When talking of the whole family, in the plural, an oi is used, thus Akrtoi or Comnenoi.<br>
 
The family name ends in us, as, os or es if the person is male and a or ina if female. Thus Alexius Comnenus daughter is Anna Comnena. Sometimes a series of surnames would be put together to show geneology by birth or marriage (eg Theodora Branaina Komnene Laskarina Cantacuzene Palaiologos, BL 4). This was more common in later periods and much more common with females than males. Originally surnames were often taken from an adjective or common word, but could be from a Latin or other barbarian name. When talking of the whole family, in the plural, an oi is used, thus Akrtoi or Comnenoi.<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
  +
'''A'''
====A====
 
 
* Acropolites (BM 246) George, megas logothetes
 
* Acropolites (BM 246) George, megas logothetes
 
* Adralestos (AC 418) diplomat
 
* Adralestos (AC 418) diplomat
Line 31: Line 32:
 
* Autoreianus (BM 444) Michael, patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Autoreianus (BM 444) Michael, patriarch of Constantinople
   
  +
'''B'''
====B====
 
 
* Balsamon (PL 562) patriarch of Antioch 9c,
 
* Balsamon (PL 562) patriarch of Antioch 9c,
 
* Baradaeus (AC 465) Jacob, 6c Monophysite leader,
 
* Baradaeus (AC 465) Jacob, 6c Monophysite leader,
Line 51: Line 52:
 
* Byzantios (BM 160)
 
* Byzantios (BM 160)
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Cabasilis (AC 408) Alexander, general
 
* Cabasilis (AC 408) Alexander, general
 
* Callinicus (AC 517) 6c inventor of Greek fire,
 
* Callinicus (AC 517) 6c inventor of Greek fire,
Line 71: Line 72:
 
* Chrysoloras (BP 139) Manuel 15c theologian,
 
* Chrysoloras (BP 139) Manuel 15c theologian,
 
* Cinnamus (BM 38) John, writer
 
* Cinnamus (BM 38) John, writer
  +
* Climacus (PL 623) theologian ("Climacus" means "of the ladder" and was an epithet of this particular St. John, taken from the title of his most famous work, "The Ladder of Divine Ascent". It probably would not be used as a surname for anyone else.)
* Climacus (PL 623) theologian
 
 
* Comnenus (BM 137) Isaac I, 1057-1059; Alexius I, 1081-1118 rest of dynasty to 1185
 
* Comnenus (BM 137) Isaac I, 1057-1059; Alexius I, 1081-1118 rest of dynasty to 1185
 
* Constantine () Tiberius II, 578-582
 
* Constantine () Tiberius II, 578-582
Line 79: Line 80:
 
* Cydones (BP 143) Demetrios 15c Latin convert,
 
* Cydones (BP 143) Demetrios 15c Latin convert,
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
* Dabatenus (AC 386) dux of Trebizond,
+
* Dabatenus (AC 386) dux of [[Trebizond]],
 
* Dalassena (AC 270) thalassocrator under Alexius I, (PL 573) maiden name of Anna, mother of Alexius I
 
* Dalassena (AC 270) thalassocrator under Alexius I, (PL 573) maiden name of Anna, mother of Alexius I
 
* Dandalo (BM 334) Enrico, patriarch of Grado
 
* Dandalo (BM 334) Enrico, patriarch of Grado
Line 88: Line 89:
 
* Ducas (fem Ducaena) (BM159) Constantine X, basilicus 1059-1067; Alexius V, * basilicus 1204
 
* Ducas (fem Ducaena) (BM159) Constantine X, basilicus 1059-1067; Alexius V, * basilicus 1204
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Eirenikos (BM 444) Theodore II, patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Eirenikos (BM 444) Theodore II, patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Eroticus (AC 335) Manuel 10c prefect,
 
* Eroticus (AC 335) Manuel 10c prefect,
Line 98: Line 99:
 
* Exazenus (AC 390) Hyaleas, rebel
 
* Exazenus (AC 390) Hyaleas, rebel
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Ferro (BM230) brothers
 
* Ferro (BM230) brothers
 
* Flaccilla (BM 491) Aelia, augusta, first wife of Theodosius I
 
* Flaccilla (BM 491) Aelia, augusta, first wife of Theodosius I
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Gabalas (BM 525) John
 
* Gabalas (BM 525) John
 
* Gabras (AC 350) Theodore, general,
 
* Gabras (AC 350) Theodore, general,
Line 110: Line 111:
 
* Gregoras (BL 50) Nikephoros, historian, coined the phrase Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned
 
* Gregoras (BL 50) Nikephoros, historian, coined the phrase Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Harmenopoulos (MoL 241) 14c jurist,
 
* Harmenopoulos (MoL 241) 14c jurist,
 
* Himerius (PL 599) protospatharios
 
* Himerius (PL 599) protospatharios
Line 117: Line 118:
 
* Hyrtakenos (BL 56) 14c scholar,
 
* Hyrtakenos (BL 56) 14c scholar,
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Indicopleustes () Cosmas was a trader and writer of an account of a journey to Malabar in 522
 
* Indicopleustes () Cosmas was a trader and writer of an account of a journey to Malabar in 522
 
* Ingerina (PL 574) Eudocia was mistress to Michael III,
 
* Ingerina (PL 574) Eudocia was mistress to Michael III,
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kabasilas (BL 93) Nicholas,
 
* Kabasilas (BL 93) Nicholas,
 
* Kalekas (BL 86) 14c patriarch,
 
* Kalekas (BL 86) 14c patriarch,
Line 128: Line 129:
 
* Kamytzes (AC 408) Eustathius, 12c general,
 
* Kamytzes (AC 408) Eustathius, 12c general,
 
* Kaspax (AC 346) admiral,
 
* Kaspax (AC 346) admiral,
* Kommene (BL 120) Helena Cantacuzene Kommene, Empress of Trebizond 15c
+
* Kommene (BL 120) Helena Cantacuzene Kommene, Empress of [[Trebizond]] 15c
 
* Kymineianus (AC 304) Drungarius under Alexius I
 
* Kymineianus (AC 304) Drungarius under Alexius I
 
* Kyrdiniates (AC 499) Nicholas, 11c patriarch,
 
* Kyrdiniates (AC 499) Nicholas, 11c patriarch,
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Lagudes (PL 611)
 
* Lagudes (PL 611)
 
* Lampenos (BL 56) Alexios,
 
* Lampenos (BL 56) Alexios,
Line 140: Line 141:
 
* Longibardus (AC 495) John, grammarian,
 
* Longibardus (AC 495) John, grammarian,
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macrembolitissa () Eudocia, Empress 1067-1068
 
* Macrembolitissa () Eudocia, Empress 1067-1068
 
* Macroducas (BM 128) Constantine
 
* Macroducas (BM 128) Constantine
Line 161: Line 162:
 
* Musurus (BL 107) 15c refugee family,
 
* Musurus (BL 107) 15c refugee family,
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Nazianzen (PL 557) Gregory wrotea collection of sermons 11c,
 
* Nazianzen (PL 557) Gregory wrotea collection of sermons 11c,
 
* Nepos (BM 405) Julius
 
* Nepos (BM 405) Julius
Line 170: Line 171:
 
* Notaras (BL 96) Anna Notaras Palaiologina died 1507,
 
* Notaras (BL 96) Anna Notaras Palaiologina died 1507,
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Opsaras (BM 191) John
 
* Opsaras (BM 191) John
 
* Oresme (BM 517) Nicholas, writer
 
* Oresme (BM 517) Nicholas, writer
 
* Ouranus (BM 610) Nicephorus, doux
 
* Ouranus (BM 610) Nicephorus, doux
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Pachymeres (BM 47) George, writer
 
* Pachymeres (BM 47) George, writer
 
* Paidianites (BM 584) Anna
 
* Paidianites (BM 584) Anna
* Pakourianus / Bakouriani (PL 584) great Georgian immigrant family,
+
* Pakourianus, 11c general "born of a noble family in Armenia" (Ana Comnena,The Alexiad, 2003, p.81).
 
* Palaeologus (female Palaeologina) (BM 114) Michael VIII, basilicus 1261-1282
 
* Palaeologus (female Palaeologina) (BM 114) Michael VIII, basilicus 1261-1282
 
* Palamas (BL 68) Gregory, 14c saint,
 
* Palamas (BL 68) Gregory, 14c saint,
* Panaretos (BL 122) Michael, Trebizond historian,
+
* Panaretos (BL 122) Michael, [[Trebizond]] historian,
 
* Panoukomites (AC 370) Nicetas, diplomat,
 
* Panoukomites (AC 370) Nicetas, diplomat,
 
* Pepagomenos (BP 138) Demetrios, 15c courtier,
 
* Pepagomenos (BP 138) Demetrios, 15c courtier,
Line 203: Line 204:
 
* Pyrrhos (BM 584) Theophanes
 
* Pyrrhos (BM 584) Theophanes
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Rangab () Michael I, basilicus 811-813
 
* Rangab () Michael I, basilicus 811-813
 
* Raoul (fem Raoulaina) (BL 33) Theodora was a nun and scholar 13c, the family was originally Norman
 
* Raoul (fem Raoulaina) (BL 33) Theodora was a nun and scholar 13c, the family was originally Norman
Line 209: Line 210:
 
* Rshtuni (BM 621) Theodore
 
* Rshtuni (BM 621) Theodore
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Sclerus (PL 556) Bardas, general and rival of Basil II,
 
* Sclerus (PL 556) Bardas, general and rival of Basil II,
 
* Scylitzes (BM 103) John
 
* Scylitzes (BM 103) John
Line 224: Line 225:
 
* Symmachus (BM 248) consular family
 
* Symmachus (BM 248) consular family
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Tarchaniotes (AC 299) gen under Alexius I,
 
* Tarchaniotes (AC 299) gen under Alexius I,
 
* Taronites (BM 431) John, sebatos
 
* Taronites (BM 431) John, sebatos
Line 237: Line 238:
 
* Tzourillas (PL 639) John, Bogomile preacher
 
* Tzourillas (PL 639) John, Bogomile preacher
   
====V - X - Z====
+
'''V - Z '''
 
* Vatatzes (BM 129) John III, basilicus 1222-1254
 
* Vatatzes (BM 129) John III, basilicus 1222-1254
 
* Verinus / Verina (BM 491) Aelia wife of Leo I
 
* Verinus / Verina (BM 491) Aelia wife of Leo I
Line 247: Line 248:
 
* Zonaras (PL 562) John was a jurist and commentator on canon law, c9,
 
* Zonaras (PL 562) John was a jurist and commentator on canon law, c9,
 
 
=== Male First Names ===
+
== Male First Names ==
   
  +
'''A '''
====A====
 
 
* Abramius (BP 2)<br>
 
* Abramius (BP 2)<br>
 
* Achmet (PL 564) author<br>
 
* Achmet (PL 564) author<br>
Line 281: Line 282:
 
* Autoreianas (BL 41)<br>
 
* Autoreianas (BL 41)<br>
   
  +
'''B '''
====B====
 
 
* Bacchus / Bakchos (MoL 145) saint, married to St Serge<br>
 
* Bacchus / Bakchos (MoL 145) saint, married to St Serge<br>
 
* Bardas (PL556) founder of Magnaura University, another a rival of Basil II,<br>
 
* Bardas (PL556) founder of Magnaura University, another a rival of Basil II,<br>
Line 289: Line 290:
 
* Bessarion (BP 128) religious name of 15c cleric who became a Latin Cardinal,
 
* Bessarion (BP 128) religious name of 15c cleric who became a Latin Cardinal,
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Caecilianus (BM 331)
 
* Caecilianus (BM 331)
 
* Callinicus (BM 410) patricus
 
* Callinicus (BM 410) patricus
Line 306: Line 307:
 
* Cyril / Cyrillus () Saint and missionary
 
* Cyril / Cyrillus () Saint and missionary
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dabatenus (BM 438) doux
 
* Dabatenus (BM 438) doux
 
* Damian (BL 93) saint
 
* Damian (BL 93) saint
 
* Daniel (BM 112) abbot
 
* Daniel (BM 112) abbot
* David () Emperor of Trebizond 1458-1461)
+
* David () Emperor of [[Trebizond]] 1458-1461)
 
* Demetrius / Demetrios (BL 49) saint, patron of Thessalonika
 
* Demetrius / Demetrios (BL 49) saint, patron of Thessalonika
 
* Dionysios (BL 117) 15c bishop of Philippopolis,
 
* Dionysios (BL 117) 15c bishop of Philippopolis,
Line 316: Line 317:
 
* Dositheos (BP 129) 15c metropolitan,
 
* Dositheos (BP 129) 15c metropolitan,
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Elias (AC 314)
 
* Elias (AC 314)
 
* Enrico (BM 334) Dandalo, patriarch of Grado
 
* Enrico (BM 334) Dandalo, patriarch of Grado
Line 328: Line 329:
 
* Evaristus (PL 569) monk,
 
* Evaristus (PL 569) monk,
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Falkon (PL 602)
 
* Falkon (PL 602)
 
* Felicianus (BM 380)
 
* Felicianus (BM 380)
Line 334: Line 335:
 
* Frankoulis (BL 99) Servopoulos,
 
* Frankoulis (BL 99) Servopoulos,
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Genesios (PL 602) son of Falkon,
 
* Genesios (PL 602) son of Falkon,
 
* Gennadios (BL 9) Scholarios, patriarch 15c under Ottomans,
 
* Gennadios (BL 9) Scholarios, patriarch 15c under Ottomans,
* George () Emperor of Trebizond 1266-1280
+
* George () Emperor of [[Trebizond]] 1266-1280
 
* Gregorios (PL 584) domestikos
 
* Gregorios (PL 584) domestikos
 
* Gregory () nephew Alexius I
 
* Gregory () nephew Alexius I
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Habib (BP 8) monophystite monk
 
* Habib (BP 8) monophystite monk
 
* Heraclius (BM 17) Emperor 610-641
 
* Heraclius (BM 17) Emperor 610-641
Line 349: Line 350:
 
* Hypatius (BP 18), (tb 24) also bishop of Ephesus
 
* Hypatius (BP 18), (tb 24) also bishop of Ephesus
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Iasitas () brother-in-law John II
 
* Iasitas () brother-in-law John II
 
* Isaac (BM 137) several, first is 1057-1059
 
* Isaac (BM 137) several, first is 1057-1059
 
* Isidore (BP 139) 15c heiromonk,
 
* Isidore (BP 139) 15c heiromonk,
   
  +
'''J '''
====J====
 
 
* Jacob (BM 317)
 
* Jacob (BM 317)
 
* Joasaph (BL 78) monastic name of e John VI Cantacuzene
 
* Joasaph (BL 78) monastic name of e John VI Cantacuzene
Line 362: Line 363:
 
* Justinian (BM 7) several, first is 527-565
 
* Justinian (BM 7) several, first is 527-565
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kalamodios (BM 245) 12c money lender
 
* Kalamodios (BM 245) 12c money lender
 
* Karas (AC 409) soldier,
 
* Karas (AC 409) soldier,
Line 371: Line 372:
 
* Ktenas (BM 186) protospathios
 
* Ktenas (BM 186) protospathios
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Leo (BM 175) several, first is 457-474
 
* Leo (BM 175) several, first is 457-474
 
* Leonard (BM 545) of Chios, writer
 
* Leonard (BM 545) of Chios, writer
Line 382: Line 383:
 
* Lysas (BM 277) freedman of Annius Plocamus
 
* Lysas (BM 277) freedman of Annius Plocamus
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macarius (BP 2) saint
 
* Macarius (BP 2) saint
 
* Macedonius (BM 190) patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Macedonius (BM 190) patriarch of Constantinople
Line 406: Line 407:
 
* Mossele (PL 583) Armenian, founded a monastery,
 
* Mossele (PL 583) Armenian, founded a monastery,
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Narses (BM 332)
 
* Narses (BM 332)
 
* Nathaniel (BL 65) monastic name of Nicephoros Choumnas
 
* Nathaniel (BL 65) monastic name of Nicephoros Choumnas
Line 417: Line 418:
 
* Nikephoros (BL 50) Gregoras, historian
 
* Nikephoros (BL 50) Gregoras, historian
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Olympiodorus (BM 192) of Thebes, writer
 
* Olympiodorus (BM 192) of Thebes, writer
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Pachomius (BP 2) saint
 
* Pachomius (BP 2) saint
 
* Palladius (BP 6) chronicler
 
* Palladius (BP 6) chronicler
Line 441: Line 442:
 
* Psidias () 7c poet
 
* Psidias () 7c poet
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Romanus () several, first is 920-944
 
* Romanus () several, first is 920-944
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Sabas (BP 5) saint
 
* Sabas (BP 5) saint
 
* Sabbas (BM 107) Asidenus, 13c sebastokrator
 
* Sabbas (BM 107) Asidenus, 13c sebastokrator
Line 457: Line 458:
 
* Strategius () member of the Apion family
 
* Strategius () member of the Apion family
 
* Stylianus (AC 495) fem is Styliane
 
* Stylianus (AC 495) fem is Styliane
* Symeon (BL 117) of Trebizond, 15c contender for patriarch,
+
* Symeon (BL 117) of [[Trebizond]], 15c contender for patriarch,
 
* Syncletia (BP 2)
 
* Syncletia (BP 2)
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Tarasios (tb 26) 8c patriarch,
 
* Tarasios (tb 26) 8c patriarch,
 
* Taticus (AC 343)
 
* Taticus (AC 343)
Line 475: Line 476:
 
* Tiberius (BM 175) several, II is 578-582
 
* Tiberius (BM 175) several, II is 578-582
   
====V - Z====
+
'''V - Z '''
 
* Victor (BM 317)
 
* Victor (BM 317)
 
* Vitus (BM 245)
 
* Vitus (BM 245)
Line 486: Line 487:
   
 
 
=== Female First Names ===
+
==Female First Names ==
 
Note that female names are much harder to document than male. There was a tendency for women to recorded as wife of, mother of, and even widow of unless they were very prominent in their own right.
 
Note that female names are much harder to document than male. There was a tendency for women to recorded as wife of, mother of, and even widow of unless they were very prominent in their own right.
Aelia (BM201) Eudocia, augusta, wife of Theodosius II
 
Anastasia (BL 93) name taken as nun by Anna of Savoy,
 
Anna () of Savoy, originally Giovanna, wife of Andronicus III
 
Ariadne () wife of Anastasius I
 
Danelis (PL 574, MoL 235)
 
Eirene (BL 48) Palaiologina, formerly Yolanda of Montferrat, Empress 1288/9-1317,
 
Eudocia () wife of Constantine X
 
Eugenia (BL 34) neice of Michael VIII,
 
Eudokia / Eudocia (BL 51) sister of Andronikos II,
 
Eulogia (BL 59) abbess & basilissa 14c, said Virtue comes more easily in well-appointed surroundings
 
Euphrosyne (BL 97) daughter of Loukas Notaras,
 
Flacilla () wife of Theodosius
 
Galla (BM 365) Placidia
 
Gemma (PL 569) widow in Italy
 
Glyceria (PL 583) poor widow,
 
Helena () mother of Constantine I
 
Irene (BM 80) 780-792
 
Juliana (BM 203) Anicia
 
Kale (PL 600) means Beauty, mother of Saint Thomas,
 
Licinia (BM 201) Eudoxia, augusta, wife of Valentinian III
 
Loukia (PL 602) 11c,
 
Macrina (tb 19) sister of Gregory of Nyassa,
 
Maria (BL 110) wife of Michael VII, in Serbian, Mara,
 
Martino () wife of Heraclius
 
Metrodora (PL 618) author of a medical book for women,
 
Olympias (tb 19) follower of John Crysostom,
 
Procopia (BM 197) wife of Michael I
 
Scleraina (PL 576) famous lover of Constantine IX,
 
Simonis (BL 5) daughter of Andronikos II,
 
Sophia () Russian name for Zoe, neice of the last Emperor, caused her husband to take the title Tsar and adopt the late Byzantine eagle. Grandmother to Ivan IV the Terrible
 
Styliane (AC 495) feminine of Stylianus,
 
Thamar / Ithamar (BL 24) daughter of Despot of Epiros, Princess of Taranto 1294-1309,
 
Thecla (MoL 239) the Augusta, mistess of Basil I,
 
Theoctiste (PL 631)
 
Theodora () regent 1055-1056)
 
Theodule (BL 4) name chosen as a nun by a Theodora
 
Theophanu / Theophano () wife of Romanus II
 
Thomas (PL 572) Saint,
 
Verina (BP 18) 7c Empress
 
Zampea (BL 84) originally Isabella, lady-in-waiting to Anna of Savoy,
 
Zo (BM 226) regent 1028-50)
 
   
  +
'''A '''
 
  +
* Aelia (BM201) Eudocia, augusta, wife of Theodosius II
=== Castles, Villages, Towns and Cities ===
 
  +
* Anastasia (BL 93) name taken as nun by Anna of Savoy,
  +
* Anna () of Savoy, originally Giovanna, wife of Andronicus III
  +
* Ariadne () wife of Anastasius I
  +
  +
'''D '''
  +
* D????? (?? 235)
  +
  +
'''E '''
  +
* Eirene (BL 48) Palaiologina, formerly Yolanda of Montferrat, Empress 1288/9-1317,
  +
* Eudocia () wife of Constantine X
  +
* Eugenia (BL 34) neice of Michael VIII,
  +
* Eudokia / Eudocia (BL 51) sister of Andronikos II,
  +
* Eulogia (BL 59) abbess & basilissa 14c, said Virtue comes more easily in well-appointed surroundings
  +
* Euphrosyne (BL 97) daughter of Loukas Notaras,
  +
  +
'''F '''
  +
* Flacilla () wife of Theodosius
  +
  +
'''G '''
  +
* Galla (BM 365) Placidia
  +
* Gemma (PL 569) widow in Italy
  +
* Glyceria (PL 583) poor widow,
  +
  +
'''H '''
  +
* Helena () mother of Constantine I
  +
  +
'''I '''
  +
* Irene (BM 80) 780-792
  +
  +
'''J '''
  +
* Juliana (BM 203) Anicia
  +
  +
'''K '''
  +
* Kale (PL 600) means Beauty, mother of Saint Thomas,
  +
  +
'''L '''
  +
* Licinia (BM 201) Eudoxia, augusta, wife of Valentinian III
  +
* Loukia (PL 602) 11c,
  +
  +
'''M '''
  +
* Macrina (tb 19) sister of Gregory of Nyassa,
  +
* Maria (BL 110) wife of Michael VII, in Serbian, Mara,
  +
* Martino () wife of Heraclius
  +
* Metrodora (PL 618) author of a medical book for women,
  +
  +
'''O '''
  +
* Olympias (tb 19) follower of John Crysostom,
  +
  +
'''P '''
  +
* Procopia (BM 197) wife of Michael I
  +
  +
'''S '''
  +
* Scleraina (PL 576) famous lover of Constantine IX,
  +
* Simonis (BL 5) daughter of Andronikos II,
  +
* Sophia () Russian name for Zoe, neice of the last Emperor, caused her husband to take the title Tsar and adopt the late Byzantine eagle. Grandmother to Ivan IV the Terrible
  +
* Styliane (AC 495) feminine of Stylianus,
  +
  +
'''T '''
  +
* Thamar / Ithamar (BL 24) daughter of Despot of Epiros, Princess of Taranto 1294-1309,
  +
* Thecla (MoL 239) the Augusta, mistess of Basil I,
  +
* Theoctiste (PL 631)
  +
* Theod regent 1055-1056)
  +
* Theodule (BL 4) name chosen as a nun by a Theodora
  +
* Theophanu / Theophano () wife of Romanus II
  +
* Thomas (PL 572) Saint,
  +
  +
'''V - Z '''
  +
* Verina (BP 18) 7c Empress
  +
* Zampea (BL 84) originally Isabella, lady-in-waiting to Anna of Savoy,
  +
* Zo (BM 226) regent 1028-50)
  +
  +
==Castles, Villages, Towns and Cities ==
 
A place name could be used as a surname, thus John Damascene is also John of Damascus
 
A place name could be used as a surname, thus John Damascene is also John of Damascus
  +
Abydos (AC 437) town,
 
  +
'''A '''
Achaia (BM 57)
 
  +
* Abydos (AC 437) town,
Achyraus (BM 110) = Bal&#305;kesir
 
  +
* Achaia (BM 57)
Acroenum (BM 124) = Afyonkarahisar
 
  +
* Achyraus (BM 110) = Bal&#305;kesir
Adana (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
 
  +
* Acroenum (BM 124) = Afyonkarahisar
Adramyttium (AC 437) city in Samos, = Demetrias = Edemrit
 
  +
* Adana (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
Adrianopolis (M 9) city in Macedonia/ Pisidia, = Adaras
 
Adrianopolis (BL 73) city in Thrace = Edirne
+
* Adramyttium (AC 437) city in Samos, = Demetrias = Edemrit
  +
* Adrianopolis (M 9) city in Macedonia/ Pisidia, = Adaras
Adramyttion (BL 39) on the coast of Asia Minor,
 
  +
* Adrianopolis (BL 73) city in Thrace = Edirne
Aenus (BM 79) = (Enos)
 
  +
* Adramyttion (BL 39) on the coast of Asia Minor,
Agathonike (AC 306) village near Adriatic
 
  +
* Aenus (BM 79) = (Enos)
Aigialoi (AC 453) port,
 
Akrokos (AC 455) village near Nicea,
+
* Agathonike (AC 306) village near Adriatic
Akronion (AC 487) town in Iconium,
+
* Aigialoi (AC 453) port,
  +
* Akrokos (AC 455) village near Nicea,
Aleppo (M 9) city in Mesopotamia, = Halep
 
Alethina (AC 455) village near Nicea,
+
* Akronion (AC 487) town in Iconium,
  +
* Aleppo (M 9) city in Mesopotamia, = Halep
Alexandretta (BM 415) = Iskenderun
 
  +
* Alethina (AC 455) village near Nicea,
Alexandria (BM 174) city in Egypt
 
  +
* Alexandretta (BM 415) = Iskenderun
Alexiopolis / Neocastron (AC 468) , city build for converts from Manicheanism,
 
Amasia (M 9) city in Armeniac = Amasya
+
* Alexandria (BM 174) city in Egypt
  +
* Alexiopolis / Neocastron (AC 468) , city build for converts from Manicheanism,
Amastris (AC 446) town in Paphlagonia,
 
Amida (BP 16) city
+
* Amasia (M 9) city in Armeniac = Amasya
Amira (AC 431) town in Lapara,
+
* Amastris (AC 446) town in Paphlagonia,
  +
* Amida (BP 16) city
Amisus / Aminsos (BM 49) = Samsun
 
  +
* Amira (AC 431) town in Lapara,
Amnia (BM 209)
 
  +
* Amisus / Aminsos (BM 49) = Samsun
Amorium (M 9) city in Anatolic = mraniye
 
Amphipolis (BM 79)
+
* Amnia (BM 209)
Ampous / Ampoun (AC 487) town in Iconium = Ambanaz
+
* Amorium (M 9) city in Anatolic = mraniye
  +
* Amphipolis (BM 79)
Anabarza (AC 431) city in Cilicia,
 
  +
* Ampous / Ampoun (AC 487) town in Iconium = Ambanaz
Anaea / Ania (BM 49) = Kadi Kalesi
 
  +
* Anabarza (AC 431) city in Cilicia,
Anazarbus (BM 104)
 
  +
* Anaea / Ania (BM 49) = Kadi Kalesi
Anchialos (BP 106, AC 305) town in Thrace = Ankhialo
 
  +
* Anazarbus (BM 104)
Ancyra / Ankara, (BP 16) city in Bukellarian,
 
  +
* Anchialos (BP 106, AC 305) town in Thrace = Ankhialo
Andros (BM 601)
 
  +
* Ancyra / Ankara, (BP 16) city in Bukellarian,
Anemurium (BM 112) = Anamur
 
Ani (BM 212)
+
* Andros (BM 601)
Antaeopolis (BM 354)
+
* Anemurium (BM 112) = Anamur
  +
* Ani (BM 212)
Antioch (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Antakya
 
  +
* Antaeopolis (BM 354)
Antioch (BM 117) city on the Meaender River = Karap&#305;nar
 
Antioch (BM 110) city in Isauria
+
* Antioch (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Antakya
Antioch (BM 54) city in Pisidia = Yalva
+
* Antioch (BM 117) city on the Meaender River = Karap&#305;nar
  +
* Antioch (BM 110) city in Isauria
Antaras (AC 354) town
 
  +
* Antioch (BM 54) city in Pisidia = Yalva
Anydroi Pirogoi (BM 140)
 
  +
* Antaras (AC 354) town
Apamea (BP 16) city in Syria
 
  +
* Anydroi Pirogoi (BM 140)
Aphrodisias / Stauropolis (BM 122) = Geyre
 
  +
* Apamea (BP 16) city in Syria
Aphrodito (BM 347)
 
  +
* Aphrodisias / Stauropolis (BM 122) = Geyre
Apollinopolis Magna (BM 349)
 
Apollonos Ano (BM 350)
+
* Aphrodito (BM 347)
  +
* Apollinopolis Magna (BM 349)
Apros / Aprus (AC 326) town
 
  +
* Apollonos Ano (BM 350)
Aramisos (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
 
  +
* Apros / Aprus (AC 326) town
Arcadiopolis / Vorgoles / Bergula (BM 81) = Lleburgaz
 
  +
* Aramisos (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
Argos (BM 79)
 
  +
* Arcadiopolis / Vorgoles / Bergula (BM 81) = Lleburgaz
Argyrocatron (AC 365) port in Cilicia,
 
  +
* Argos (BM 79)
Arsamosata (M 9) city in Mesopotamia,
 
Artach (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
+
* Argyrocatron (AC 365) port in Cilicia,
  +
* Arsamosata (M 9) city in Mesopotamia,
Ason (AC 316) town
 
Athens (M 9) city in Hellas,
+
* Artach (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
Athyra (AC 319) town
+
* Ason (AC 316) town
Arta (BL 12) city in Epiros,
+
* Athens (M 9) city in Hellas,
  +
* Athyra (AC 319) town
Artach (BM 104)
 
  +
* Arta (BL 12) city in Epiros,
Aspona (BM 73)
 
Astipalia (BM 53)
+
* Artach (BM 104)
  +
* Aspona (BM 73)
Astytzium (BM 433) possibly = K&#305;zkulesi
 
Athens (BM 57)
+
* Astipalia (BM 53)
  +
* Astytzium (BM 433) possibly = K&#305;zkulesi
Athos (BM 210) monastery on Iberon
 
  +
* Athens (BM 57)
Athos (BM 201) monastery on Lavra
 
  +
* Athos (BM 210) monastery on Iberon
Atroa (PL 611)
 
  +
* Athos (BM 201) monastery on Lavra
Attalia / Satellia / Setalia (M 9) port-city in Cibyrrhaeot = Antalya
 
Attica (BM 85)
+
* Atroa (PL 611)
  +
* Attalia / Satellia / Setalia (M 9) port-city in Cibyrrhaeot = Antalya
Augustopolis (AC 487) town in Iconium = Slmenli
 
  +
* Attica (BM 85)
Aureus Mons (BM 73) city on the Danube
 
  +
* Augustopolis (AC 487) town in Iconium = Slmenli
Avlona (AC 310) Dalmatian town
 
  +
* Aureus Mons (BM 73) city on the Danube
Bacchenus (AC 386) village,
 
  +
* Avlona (AC 310) Dalmatian town
Backovo / Batzokova (PL 584) now in Bulgaria = Bachkovo
 
  +
Balabista (AC 379) town,
 
  +
'''B '''
Bari (M 9) city in Longibardia,
 
  +
* Bacchenus (AC 386) village,
Bassianae (BM 73)
 
  +
* Backovo / Batzokova (PL 584) now in Bulgaria = Bachkovo
Belgrada (BM 37) = Belgrade / Beograd
 
  +
* Balabista (AC 379) town,
Berrhoe / Berra (BM 80) = Stara Zagora
 
Berrhoea (BM 260) in Syria
+
* Bari (M 9) city in Longibardia,
  +
* Bassianae (BM 73)
Beyrout / Berytus (M 8) town in Mesopotamia = Beirut
 
  +
* Belgrada (BM 37) = Belgrade / Beograd
Beroa (AC 431) = Chalep, city in Cilicia,
 
Bizye (BM 79) = Vize
+
* Berrhoe / Berra (BM 80) = Stara Zagora
  +
* Berrhoea (BM 260) in Syria
Blachernae () Monastery of Constantinople and home of famous icon
 
Bosporous (BM 50) town in Crimea
+
* Beyrout / Berytus (M 8) town in Mesopotamia = Beirut
  +
* Beroa (AC 431) = Chalep, city in Cilicia,
Bouleuteria (PL 580)
 
Brundusium / Brandiez (BM 37) = Brani&#269;evo
+
* Bizye (BM 79) = Vize
  +
* Blachernae () Monastery of Constantinople and home of famous icon
Buzaea (BP 3) village
 
  +
* Bosporous (BM 50) town in Crimea
Bosa (AC 315) Dalmatian town
 
  +
* Bouleuteria (PL 580)
Brusa (M 9) city in Opsikion,
 
  +
* Brundusium / Brandiez (BM 37) = Brani&#269;evo
Brysis / Urisio (BM 81)
 
  +
* Buzaea (BP 3) village
Byzacena (BM289)
 
  +
* Bosa (AC 315) Dalmatian town
Caballa (BM 126) probably = Gevele Da&#287;
 
Caesarea (M 9) city in Charsianon = Kayseri
+
* Brusa (M 9) city in Opsikion,
Caffa / Chafa (BM 46) = Feodosiya
+
* Brysis / Urisio (BM 81)
  +
* Byzacena (BM289)
Calamus (BM 108)
 
  +
Calaonorus / Coracaesium (BM 50) = Alanya
 
  +
'''C '''
Camacha (BM 609)
 
  +
* Caballa (BM 126) probably = Gevele Da&#287;
Campania (BM 376)
 
  +
* Caesarea (M 9) city in Charsianon = Kayseri
Candelloro / Celenderis (BM 50) = Gilindire
 
  +
* Caffa / Chafa (BM 46) = Feodosiya
Canina (AC 408) town,
 
Caria (BM 57)
+
* Calamus (BM 108)
  +
* Calaonorus / Coracaesium (BM 50) = Alanya
Carthage (BM 289)
 
Cassandrea (BM 88)
+
* Camacha (BM 609)
  +
* Campania (BM 376)
Castamenon (BM 40) = Kastamonu
 
  +
* Candelloro / Celenderis (BM 50) = Gilindire
Castoria (BM 35)
 
  +
* Canina (AC 408) town,
Catania (BM 407)
 
Cataonia (BM 62)
+
* Caria (BM 57)
Cavusin (PL 571)
+
* Carthage (BM 289)
Cedrea (BM 123) = Bayat
+
* Cassandrea (BM 88)
Celaenae / Apamea (BM 127) = Dinar
+
* Castamenon (BM 40) = Kastamonu
Ceos (BM 660)
+
* Castoria (BM 35)
  +
* Catania (BM 407)
Chalcedon (BP 7) = Kadiky
 
Chalcis (BM 261) in Syria
+
* Cataonia (BM 62)
  +
* Cavusin (PL 571)
Charax (BM 55) probably = ardak
 
  +
* Cedrea (BM 123) = Bayat
Charsianon (PL 583) suburb of Constantinople
 
  +
* Celaenae / Apamea (BM 127) = Dinar
Chele (AC 307) village in Bithynia,
 
  +
* Ceos (BM 660)
Cherson / Kherson, (M 9) city & theme on north shore of Black Sea,
 
  +
* Chalcedon (BP 7) = Kadiky
Chiarenza / Glarentsa (BM 534) = Killini
 
  +
* Chalcis (BM 261) in Syria
Chimara (AC 315) Dalmatian town
 
  +
* Charax (BM 55) probably = ardak
Chios (BM 51)
 
  +
* Charsianon (PL 583) suburb of Constantinople
Chirovachi (AC 396) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Chele (AC 307) village in Bithynia,
Chliara (AC 437) city = Soma / Kirka&#287;a
 
  +
* Cherson / Kherson, (M 9) city & theme on north shore of Black Sea,
Choma / Angelocastrum (AC 348) town = Homa
 
Chonae / Collossae (BM 55) = Honaz
+
* Chiarenza / Glarentsa (BM 534) = Killini
Chonios (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
+
* Chimara (AC 315) Dalmatian town
Christoupolis (BM 212)
+
* Chios (BM 51)
  +
* Chirovachi (AC 396) town in Dalmatia,
Chrysopolis (BM 658) in Bythnia = skdar
 
  +
* Chliara (AC 437) city = Soma / Kirka&#287;a
Cibotos (BM 40)
 
  +
* Choma / Angelocastrum (AC 348) town = Homa
Cius (BM 622)
 
Claudiopolis (BM 112) = Bolu
+
* Chonae / Collossae (BM 55) = Honaz
  +
* Chonios (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
Coloneia / Archelais (AC 387) fortified town = Aksaray
 
  +
* Christoupolis (BM 212)
Colonia (BM 624) near Nicopolis = &#350;ebinkarahisar
 
  +
* Chrysopolis (BM 658) in Bythnia = skdar
Constantinople (BM 656) city in Thrace, known as Miklagard to the Rus, often referred to in writing as New Rome
 
Corinth (BM 50)
+
* Cibotos (BM 40)
Corone (BM 52)
+
* Cius (BM 622)
  +
* Claudiopolis (BM 112) = Bolu
Corycus (BM 245)
 
  +
* Coloneia / Archelais (AC 387) fortified town = Aksaray
Cotyaeum (BM 112) = Ktahya
 
  +
* Colonia (BM 624) near Nicopolis = &#350;ebinkarahisar
Cratia (BM 112) = Gerede
 
  +
* Constantinople (BM 656) city in Thrace, known as Miklagard to the Rus, often referred to in writing as New Rome
Cyprus / Constantia (BM 415) town on Cyprus = Salamis
 
Cypsella (BM 81)
+
* Corinth (BM 50)
Cyrrhus (BM 623)
+
* Corone (BM 52)
  +
* Corycus (BM 245)
Cyzicus (BP 16) city near Nicea,
 
Dadybra (BM 112) = Iskilip
+
* Cotyaeum (BM 112) = Ktahya
  +
* Cratia (BM 112) = Gerede
Damascus (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Dimashk
 
  +
* Cyprus / Constantia (BM 415) town on Cyprus = Salamis
Damatrys (BM 133)
 
Daonium (BM 83)
+
* Cypsella (BM 81)
  +
* Cyrrhus (BM 623)
Daphni, () town and monastery in Greece
 
  +
* Cyzicus (BP 16) city near Nicea,
Dara (BM 261)
 
  +
Decervion (BM 44) probably = Celbianum
 
  +
'''D '''
Dekanos / Dekatera (AC 395) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Dadybra (BM 112) = Iskilip
Dekapolis (MoL 239) town,
 
  +
* Damascus (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Dimashk
Demetrias (BM 83)
 
  +
* Damatrys (BM 133)
Demotika (AC 9) city in Macedonia,
 
  +
* Daonium (BM 83)
Deure (AC 408) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Daphni, () town and monastery in Greece
Develtus (BM 82) = Bourgas
 
  +
* Dara (BM 261)
Diabolos (AC 404) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Decervion (BM 44) probably = Celbianum
Doux (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
 
  +
* Dekanos / Dekatera (AC 395) town in Dalmatia,
Dorylaeum (M 9) city in Opsikion = Eski&#351;ehir
 
  +
* Dekapolis (MoL 239) town,
Drama (BL 53) town in Eastern Macedonia,estate of Eirene Palaiologina,
 
Drizupara (BM 81)
+
* Demetrias (BM 83)
  +
* Demotika (AC 9) city in Macedonia,
Didymoteichon (BL 72) town in Thrace = Dimetoka
 
  +
* Deure (AC 408) town in Dalmatia,
Docea (BM 557) = Tokat
 
  +
* Develtus (BM 82) = Bourgas
Durazzo (M 8) city in Dyrrachium,
 
  +
* Diabolos (AC 404) town in Dalmatia,
Dryinopolis / Andronopolis (BM 35) = Argyrokastro
 
  +
* Doux (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
Dyrrachium / Epidamnos, AC 310, Dalmatian town in theme of same name, M 9) = Drres
 
  +
* Dorylaeum (M 9) city in Opsikion = Eski&#351;ehir
Edessa (BM 79) in Macedonia
 
  +
* Drama (BL 53) town in Eastern Macedonia,estate of Eirene Palaiologina,
Edessa (M 9) city on River Skirtos in Mesopotamia = Urfa
 
Eilisson (BM 281)
+
* Drizupara (BM 81)
  +
* Didymoteichon (BL 72) town in Thrace = Dimetoka
Elatea (BM 450)
 
  +
* Docea (BM 557) = Tokat
Emesa (M 9) city in Mesopotamia,
 
  +
* Durazzo (M 8) city in Dyrrachium,
Empythium (BM 208)
 
  +
* Dryinopolis / Andronopolis (BM 35) = Argyrokastro
Ephesus / Altaluogo / Hagios Theologos (M 9) city in Samos = Seluk
 
  +
* Dyrrachium / Epidamnos, AC 310, Dalmatian town in theme of same name, M 9) = * * Drres
Epibati (BL 79) town on the Bosporos,
 
  +
Eriza (BM 108) = Dere Ky
 
  +
'''E '''
Euboia / Negroponte (BM 51) = Evvoia
 
Euchaita (BM 123) = Avkat / Mecitz
+
* Edessa (BM 79) in Macedonia
  +
* Edessa (M 9) city on River Skirtos in Mesopotamia = Urfa
Ezerum (BM 83)
 
Faustinopolis (BM 73)
+
* Eilisson (BM 281)
Finica (BM 112) = Finike
+
* Elatea (BM 450)
Gabala (AC 365) port in Cilicia
+
* Emesa (M 9) city in Mesopotamia,
Gata (BM 126) = Akait
+
* Empythium (BM 208)
  +
* Ephesus / Altaluogo / Hagios Theologos (M 9) city in Samos = Seluk
Galata (BL 76) town across the Golden Horn from Constantinople
 
  +
* Epibati (BL 79) town on the Bosporos,
Gangra (BM 40) = ank&#305;r&#305;
 
Ganus (BM 274) = Ganos / Gaziky
+
* Eriza (BM 108) = Dere Ky
  +
* Euboia / Negroponte (BM 51) = Evvoia
Gaza (BM 201)
 
  +
* Euchaita (BM 123) = Avkat / Mecitz
Geranion (AC 395) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Ezerum (BM 83)
Germaniceia / Germanicea (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria = Mara&#351;
 
  +
Glabinitza (AC 409) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
'''F '''
Greme (PL 640) in Cappadocia, convent only?
 
  +
* Faustinopolis (BM 73)
Graecia (BM 38) in Romania
 
Graos Gala (BM 130)
+
* Finica (BM 112) = Finike
  +
Halmyros / Armiro (BM 52) = Almiros
 
  +
'''G '''
Hebraike / Heraclea (AC 342) town
 
  +
* Gabala (AC 365) port in Cilicia
Helenopolis (BM 63) = Yalova
 
Helenopontus (BM 98)
+
* Gata (BM 126) = Akait
  +
* Galata (BL 76) town across the Golden Horn from Constantinople
Heleopolis (AC 312) town
 
  +
* Gangra (BM 40) = ank&#305;r&#305;
Heraclea (M 9) city in Bukellarian,
 
Heraclea (BM 118) Pontic = Ere&#287;li
+
* Ganus (BM 274) = Ganos / Gaziky
Heracleopolis (BM 354)
+
* Gaza (BM 201)
  +
* Geranion (AC 395) town in Dalmatia,
Hexamilium (BM 631) = Evre&#351;e
 
  +
* Germaniceia / Germanicea (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria = Mara&#351;
Hierapolis (BM 42) city in Phrygia = Pamukkale
 
Hierapolis (M 9) city in Syria
+
* Glabinitza (AC 409) town in Dalmatia,
  +
* Greme (PL 640) in Cappadocia, convent only?
Hiericho (AC 408) town
 
Hierissus (BM 86)
+
* Graecia (BM 38) in Romania
Honorias (BM 98)
+
* Graos Gala (BM 130)
  +
Iantium (BM 385) = Meaux
 
  +
'''H '''
Iconium (M 9) city in Anatolic = Konya
 
  +
* Halmyros / Armiro (BM 52) = Almiros
Ionia (BM 48)
 
  +
* Hebraike / Heraclea (AC 342) town
Ioannina (BL 12) city in Epiros,
 
  +
* Helenopolis (BM 63) = Yalova
Isaura (BM 416)
 
Isauria (BM 57)
+
* Helenopontus (BM 98)
  +
* Heleopolis (AC 312) town
Isinda (BM 108) = Korkuteli
 
  +
* Heraclea (M 9) city in Bukellarian,
Iuliopolis (BM 73)
 
  +
* Heraclea (BM 118) Pontic = Ere&#287;li
Iviropoulos (BP 94)
 
Jerusalem (BM 201)
+
* Heracleopolis (BM 354)
  +
* Hexamilium (BM 631) = Evre&#351;e
Justinianopolis (BP 16) city
 
  +
* Hierapolis (BM 42) city in Phrygia = Pamukkale
Kallioupolis (BL 71) = Gelibolu now known as Gallipoli, port in Thrace,
 
  +
* Hierapolis (M 9) city in Syria
Kabalion (AC 315) Dalmatian town
 
  +
* Hiericho (AC 408) town
Kaltzierin (AC 431) castle in Lapara
 
Kars (BM 212)
+
* Hierissus (BM 86)
Kato Hexapolis (BM 624)
+
* Honorias (BM 98)
  +
Kauka (AC 430) castle in Koele-Syria,
 
  +
'''I '''
Kedros / Kedrea, (AC 480) town,
 
  +
* Iantium (BM 385) = Meaux
Kelbianos (AC 438) city
 
  +
* Iconium (M 9) city in Anatolic = Konya
Khimara (BM 35)
 
Khoirobakkhoi / Cherevach (BM 65)
+
* Ionia (BM 48)
  +
* Ioannina (BL 12) city in Epiros,
Kibotos (AC 453/ AC 333) province and town
 
  +
* Isaura (BM 416)
Koiloi (AC 445) port in Asia,
 
  +
* Isauria (BM 57)
Kokkinobaphos (PL 577)
 
  +
* Isinda (BM 108) = Korkuteli
Kommermoeri (AC 431) town,
 
  +
* Iuliopolis (BM 73)
Kosinitza (BL 117) town in Thrace,
 
  +
* Iviropoulos (BP 94)
Kotoiraekia (AC 472) town near Nicea,
 
  +
Krisis / Krisei (BL 40) suburb of Constaninople,
 
  +
'''J '''
Laodicea (AC 348) town in Mesopotamia
 
  +
* Jerusalem (BM 201)
Lacerium (BM 42) = Dazk&#305;r&#305; / Baklan Ovas&#305; (no dots)
 
  +
* Justinianopolis (BP 16) city
Laconia (BM 57)
 
  +
Lagbe (BM 108)
 
  +
'''K '''
Lampe (AC 348) town
 
  +
* Kallioupolis (BL 71) = Gelibolu now known as Gallipoli, port in Thrace,
Lampascus (BM 74) = Lapseki
 
  +
* Kabalion (AC 315) Dalmatian town
Laodicea (BM 42) = Ladik / Denizli
 
  +
* Kaltzierin (AC 431) castle in Lapara
Larada (BM 43) = Karaman
 
  +
* Kars (BM 212)
Larissa / Sezer, (AC 319) town in Koele-Syria
 
  +
* Kato Hexapolis (BM 624)
Larissa (M 9) city in Hellas,
 
  +
* Kauka (AC 430) castle in Koele-Syria,
Latros (PL 617)
 
  +
* Kedros / Kedrea, (AC 480) town,
Lavra (PL 580)
 
  +
* Kelbianos (AC 438) city
Lazica (BM 50) near Trebizond
 
Lembos (BM 49) monastery
+
* Khimara (BM 35)
  +
* Khoirobakkhoi / Cherevach (BM 65)
Leros (BM 53)
 
  +
* Kibotos (AC 453/ AC 333) province and town
Leucate (BM 589)
 
Leukia (AC 479) town near Nicea,
+
* Koiloi (AC 445) port in Asia,
  +
* Kokkinobaphos (PL 577)
Lifetti (BM 46) probably = Yevpatoriya
 
  +
* Kommermoeri (AC 431) town,
Limnae (BM 143) = Hoyran / E&#287;ridir Gl
 
  +
* Kosinitza (BL 117) town in Thrace,
Limnia (BM 116)
 
  +
* Kotoiraekia (AC 472) town near Nicea,
Lipso (BM 53)
 
  +
* Krisis / Krisei (BL 40) suburb of Constaninople,
Longinias (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
 
  +
Lopadion / Lopadium / Lupar (AC 453) town near Nicea = Uluabat
 
  +
'''L '''
Loulou (AC 430) castle in Koele-Syria
 
  +
* Laodicea (AC 348) town in Mesopotamia
Lycaonia (BM 54)
 
  +
* Lacerium (BM 42) = Dazk&#305;r&#305; / Baklan Ovas&#305; (no dots)
Lykandos (BM 55)
 
  +
* Laconia (BM 57)
Macre (BM 83) in Lycia = Fethiye
 
Macre (BM 83) in Thrace
+
* Lagbe (BM 108)
Madytos (AC 445) port in Asia,
+
* Lampe (AC 348) town
Magnesia (BM 118) = Manisa
+
* Lampascus (BM 74) = Lapseki
  +
* Laodicea (BM 42) = Ladik / Denizli
Maina (BM 52)
 
Malvagia (BM 51) = Monemvasia
+
* Larada (BM 43) = Karaman
Mamistra (AC 365) town in Cilicia
+
* Larissa / Sezer, (AC 319) town in Koele-Syria
  +
* Larissa (M 9) city in Hellas,
Mandraklou (BM 68)
 
  +
* Latros (PL 617)
Manzikert () village
 
  +
* Lavra (PL 580)
Marash (AC 360) town in Cilicia,
 
  +
* Lazica (BM 50) near [[Trebizond]]
Marchapin (AC 365) port in Cilicia
 
  +
* Lembos (BM 49) monastery
Marcianopolis (BM 389)
 
Maresch (BM 42) = Ara (?)
+
* Leros (BM 53)
Margus (BM 73)
+
* Leucate (BM 589)
Marycatus (BM 622) near Miletopolis
+
* Leukia (AC 479) town near Nicea,
  +
* Lifetti (BM 46) probably = Yevpatoriya
Mastura / Mastaura (PL 561) town on the Meander River = Nazilli
 
  +
* Limnae (BM 143) = Hoyran / E&#287;ridir Gl
Mavrocastro / Maocastro (BM 46) = Akkerman = Cetatea
 
Mazamia (BM 143)
+
* Limnia (BM 116)
Medicion (PL 605)
+
* Lipso (BM 53)
  +
* Longinias (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
Mekran (AC 431) village
 
  +
* Lopadion / Lopadium / Lupar (AC 453) town near Nicea = Uluabat
Melitene (BM 239) = Malatya
 
  +
* Loulou (AC 430) castle in Koele-Syria
Mesampeloi (AC 336) town
 
Mesanacta (BM 124) = Ortaky
+
* Lycaonia (BM 54)
  +
* Lykandos (BM 55)
Mesembria (M 8) town in Thrace = Nessebur
 
  +
Mesanakta (AC 483) town in Iconium,
 
  +
'''M '''
Methone (BP 130) Pelopennesian port,
 
  +
* Macre (BM 83) in Lycia = Fethiye
Miletus / Palatia / Balat (BM 49) = Milet
 
  +
* Macre (BM 83) in Thrace
Mistra (BL 15) city in Lacodemia, silk production
 
  +
* Madytos (AC 445) port in Asia,
Mnizus (BM 99)
 
Moesia (BM 57)
+
* Magnesia (BM 118) = Manisa
Moesia Secunda (BM 404)
+
* Maina (BM 52)
  +
* Malvagia (BM 51) = Monemvasia
Mopses (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
 
Mopsuestiae (AC 431) city in Cilicia,
+
* Mamistra (AC 365) town in Cilicia
  +
* Mandraklou (BM 68)
Mt Mauros (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria
 
  +
* Manzikert () village
Mosynopolis (BM 83) = Messoune
 
  +
* Marash (AC 360) town in Cilicia,
Mylasa-Melanudium (BM 122) = Milas-Bafa
 
Mylos (AC 397) town in Dalmatia
+
* Marchapin (AC 365) port in Cilicia
Myra (BM 112)
+
* Marcianopolis (BM 389)
  +
* Maresch (BM 42) = Ara (?)
Myriokephalon (BP 110) = Tzybritze / Tzibrelitzemani / Cybrilcymani
 
Nacolia (BM 140) = Seyitgazi
+
* Margus (BM 73)
Naissus / Nit (BM 37) = Ni
+
* Marycatus (BM 622) near Miletopolis
  +
* Mastura / Mastaura (PL 561) town on the Meander River = Nazilli
Narbo (BM 246) = Narbonne
 
  +
* Mavrocastro / Maocastro (BM 46) = Akkerman = Cetatea
Naupaktos (BL 27) harbour in Epirus, known as Lepanto to the Latins
 
Naxos (BM 53)
+
* Mazamia (BM 143)
  +
* Medicion (PL 605)
Neocaesarea (BM 40) = Niksar
 
  +
* Mekran (AC 431) village
Neopatras (BM 83)
 
  +
* Melitene (BM 239) = Malatya
Neopolis (tb 24) city in Cyprus,
 
  +
* Mesampeloi (AC 336) town
Neoutzikon (BM 432)
 
  +
* Mesanacta (BM 124) = Ortaky
Nicea / Nicaea (M 9) city in Opsikion = Iznik
 
Nicea / Nicaea (BM 81) in Thrace
+
* Mesembria (M 8) town in Thrace = Nessebur
Nicodemia (AC 307) town = Izmit
+
* Mesanakta (AC 483) town in Iconium,
  +
* Methone (BP 130) Pelopennesian port,
Nicopolis (BM 80)
 
  +
* Miletus / Palatia / Balat (BM 49) = Milet
Nikiu (BP 34)
 
Nymphaeon (AC 438) city = Nif / Kemalpa&#351;a
+
* Mistra (BL 15) city in Lacodemia, silk production
  +
* Mnizus (BM 99)
Ochrida / Achrida / Lucretia (BM 36) = Okhrid
 
Oenaeum (BM 133) = nye
+
* Moesia (BM 57)
Olympia (BM 64)
+
* Moesia Secunda (BM 404)
  +
* Mopses (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
Optatianae (BM 622) near Nicomedia
 
  +
* Mopsuestiae (AC 431) city in Cilicia,
Opus (AC 323) town
 
  +
* Mt Mauros (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria
Orcistus (BM 140) = Alikel
 
  +
* Mosynopolis (BM 83) = Messoune
Oreus (BM 80)
 
  +
* Mylasa-Melanudium (BM 122) = Milas-Bafa
Oxyrhynchus (BM 347)
 
Paipert (AC 350) town
+
* Mylos (AC 397) town in Dalmatia
Pales (AC 314)
+
* Myra (BM 112)
  +
* Myriokephalon (BP 110) = Tzybritze / Tzibrelitzemani / Cybrilcymani
Pamphylia (BM 57)
 
  +
Panasium (BM 130) = Banaz Ovas&#305;
 
  +
'''N '''
Panephysis (BP 2)
 
  +
* Nacolia (BM 140) = Seyitgazi
Panium (BM 79)
 
Panopolis (BM 459)
+
* Naissus / Nit (BM 37) = Ni
Parnassus (BM 99)
+
* Narbo (BM 246) = Narbonne
  +
* Naupaktos (BL 27) harbour in Epirus, known as Lepanto to the Latins
Paros (PL 631) town
 
Patara (BM 112)
+
* Naxos (BM 53)
  +
* Neocaesarea (BM 40) = Niksar
Patmos (BM 53) monastery of St John
 
  +
* Neopatras (BM 83)
Patras (BL 15) city in Peloponnesus
 
  +
* Neopolis (tb 24) city in Cyprus,
Paurae (BM 42) = Bafra
 
  +
* Neoutzikon (BM 432)
Pegae (BM 108) probably = Biga
 
  +
* Nicea / Nicaea (M 9) city in Opsikion = Iznik
Pegasios (AC 324) town
 
  +
* Nicea / Nicaea (BM 81) in Thrace
Pelekanum (AC 325) area
 
Pelagonia (BL 17) Macedonian town = Monastir
+
* Nicodemia (AC 307) town = Izmit
  +
* Nicopolis (BM 80)
Pergamon / Pergamum, AC 438) city in Samos = Bergama
 
Peristera (BM 88)
+
* Nikiu (BP 34)
  +
* Nymphaeon (AC 438) city = Nif / Kemalpa&#351;a
Peritheorium (BM 83)
 
  +
Pessinus (BM 622)
 
  +
'''O '''
Petrola (AC 397) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Ochrida / Achrida / Lucretia (BM 36) = Okhrid
Pharsalus (M 9) city in Hellas,
 
  +
* Oenaeum (BM 133) = nye
Pherae (BM 89) monastery of Theotokos Kosmosotira
 
Pherme (BP 2)
+
* Olympia (BM 64)
  +
* Optatianae (BM 622) near Nicomedia
Phersia (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
 
  +
* Opus (AC 323) town
Philadelphia (BL 61) = Ala&#351;ehir
 
  +
* Orcistus (BM 140) = Alikel
Philea (PL 568) town on Black Sea,
 
Philippi (BM 36)
+
* Oreus (BM 80)
  +
* Oxyrhynchus (BM 347)
Philippopolis (BL 117) town & bishopric in Macedonia = Plovdiv
 
  +
Philita (BM 114)
 
  +
'''P '''
Philomelion / Philomelium (AC 348) town = Ak&#351;ehir
 
  +
* Paipert (AC 350) town
Phocaea / Focie (BM 49) = Eski / Yeni Foa
 
Pisidia (BP 35)
+
* Pales (AC 314)
Pithecas (BM 12)
+
* Pamphylia (BM 57)
  +
* Panasium (BM 130) = Banaz Ovas&#305;
Plastra (AC 431) town in Lapara,
 
  +
* Panephysis (BP 2)
Pliska (BM 280)
 
Podandus (BM 104)
+
* Panium (BM 79)
  +
* Panopolis (BM 459)
Poemanenon (AC 453) town,
 
  +
* Parnassus (BM 99)
Polybotos (AC 348) town = Bolvad&#305;n
 
  +
* Paros (PL 631) town
Pontus (BM 50)
 
Pora (BM 83)
+
* Patara (BM 112)
  +
* Patmos (BM 53) monastery of St John
Porthmus (BM 80)
 
  +
* Patras (BL 15) city in Peloponnesus
Poutze (AC 303) stronghold
 
Pracana (BM 125) probably Alakap&#305;
+
* Paurae (BM 42) = Bafra
Priene / Sampson (BM 61) = Samsun
+
* Pegae (BM 108) probably = Biga
  +
* Pegasios (AC 324) town
Prilep (BM 219)
 
  +
* Pelekanum (AC 325) area
Prusa (AC 453) town near Nicea = Bursa
 
  +
* Pelagonia (BL 17) Macedonian town = Monastir
Prusias (BM 118) = Dzce
 
  +
* Pergamon / Pergamum, AC 438) city in Samos = Bergama
Ptelion (BM 51)
 
Pylae (BM 49)
+
* Peristera (BM 88)
Raetia Secunda (BM 384)
+
* Peritheorium (BM 83)
  +
* Pessinus (BM 622)
Ragusa (M 8) town in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Petrola (AC 397) town in Dalmatia,
Ras (BM 525)
 
  +
* Pharsalus (M 9) city in Hellas,
Reake (BP 5) village
 
  +
* Pherae (BM 89) monastery of Theotokos Kosmosotira
Reggio (M 8) town in Calabria
 
  +
* Pherme (BP 2)
Rhaedestus / Registo / Rudistio / Rodisto (BM 46) = Tekirda&#287;
 
Rodosto (M 8) port in Thrace,
+
* Phersia (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
  +
* Philadelphia (BL 61) = Ala&#351;ehir
Romana (AC 431) town in Lapara
 
  +
* Philea (PL 568) town on Black Sea,
Rousia / Rusa (BM 35) probably Ke&#351;an
 
  +
* Philippi (BM 36)
Sagaudaous (AC 474) village near Nicodemia,
 
Salamis (M 9) town in Cyprus
+
* Philippopolis (BL 117) town & bishopric in Macedonia = Plovdiv
Salona (BM 57) = Split
+
* Philita (BM 114)
  +
* Philomelion / Philomelium (AC 348) town = Ak&#351;ehir
Samnium (BM 558)
 
  +
* Phocaea / Focie (BM 49) = Eski / Yeni Foa
Samos (BM 53)
 
  +
* Pisidia (BP 35)
Samosata (M 8) town in Mesopotamia,
 
  +
* Pithecas (BM 12)
Santabaris (AC, 480) town = Bardaki
 
  +
* Plastra (AC 431) town in Lapara,
Sarai / al-Sara / Sarra (BM 548)
 
  +
* Pliska (BM 280)
Sarbanos (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
 
  +
* Podandus (BM 104)
Sardes (AC 348) city in Thracesian
 
  +
* Poemanenon (AC 453) town,
Sardis (BM 122) = Sart
 
Sarsapin (AC 431) town
+
* Polybotos (AC 348) town = Bolvad&#305;n
  +
* Pontus (BM 50)
Sasima (BM 99) = Glcuk-Hasky
 
  +
* Pora (BM 83)
Savaria (BM 384) = Szombathely
 
Savia (BM 384)
+
* Porthmus (BM 80)
  +
* Poutze (AC 303) stronghold
Scodra (BM 37) = Shkder
 
  +
* Pracana (BM 125) probably Alakap&#305;
Scopia / Nerezi (BM 89)
 
  +
* Priene / Sampson (BM 61) = Samsun
Sebasteia / Sebastea, city (BP 16) in Sebastea theme = Sivas
 
Sebastopolis (BM 631)
+
* Prilep (BM 219)
  +
* Prusa (AC 453) town near Nicea = Bursa
Selucia / Isauriae (M 9) city in Cilicia = Silifke
 
Selymbria (BM 52) = Silivri
+
* Prusias (BM 118) = Dzce
  +
* Ptelion (BM 51)
Serdica / Hesternit / Straliz (BM 37) = Sofia
 
Sergiopolis (BM 261)
+
* Pylae (BM 49)
  +
Serres / Serra (BM 35)
 
  +
'''R '''
Sestus (BM 478)
 
  +
* Raetia Secunda (BM 384)
Sgenin (AC 431) city in Cilicia, castle in Lapara,
 
  +
* Ragusa (M 8) town in Dalmatia,
Side (BM 317) = Selimiye / Eski Antalya
 
Sidera (BM 83) in Thrace
+
* Ras (BM 525)
  +
* Reake (BP 5) village
Singidunum (BM 73)
 
  +
* Reggio (M 8) town in Calabria
Sinianda (BM 149) possibly = K&#305;z&#305;lviran
 
  +
* Rhaedestus / Registo / Rudistio / Rodisto (BM 46) = Tekirda&#287;
Sinope (BM 42) = Sinop
 
Sinopoli / Sozopolis / Sinope (BM 46) in Thrace
+
* Rodosto (M 8) port in Thrace,
  +
* Romana (AC 431) town in Lapara
Sirmium (BM 73) = Sremska Mitrovica
 
  +
* Rousia / Rusa (BM 35) probably Ke&#351;an
Sirogellis (BM 81)
 
  +
Sis (M 9) town in Cilicia = Kozan
 
  +
'''S '''
Siscia (BM 378) = Sisak
 
  +
* Sagaudaous (AC 474) village near Nicodemia,
Smolena (BM 88)
 
Smyrna (AC 438) city in Samos = Izmir
+
* Salamis (M 9) town in Cyprus
Solkhat / Sorghati (BM 549) Staraya Krim
+
* Salona (BM 57) = Split
Soudi (AC 343)
+
* Samnium (BM 558)
  +
* Samos (BM 53)
Souetios (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
 
Sozopolis (AC 384) town ?
+
* Samosata (M 8) town in Mesopotamia,
  +
* Santabaris (AC, 480) town = Bardaki
Sozopolis (BM 42) in Pisidia probably = Uluborlu
 
  +
* Sarai / al-Sara / Sarra (BM 548)
Sozopolis (BM 47) in Thrace = Sozopol
 
  +
* Sarbanos (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
Sparta / Lacedemonia (BM 52) = Sparti
 
  +
* Sardes (AC 348) city in Thracesian
Stadia (BM 122) = Data
 
  +
* Sardis (BM 122) = Sart
Sthlabotilin (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
 
  +
* Sarsapin (AC 431) town
Sthlanitza (town, AC 374)
 
  +
* Sasima (BM 99) = Glcuk-Hasky
Stobi (BM 79)
 
  +
* Savaria (BM 384) = Szombathely
Strumitsa (BM 88) monastery of Theotokos Eleousa
 
  +
* Savia (BM 384)
Studion (PL 569) or Studium (MoL 241)
 
Sugdaia / Saldadia (BM 549) = Sudak
+
* Scodra (BM 37) = Shkder
Sura (BM 261)
+
* Scopia / Nerezi (BM 89)
  +
* Sebasteia / Sebastea, city (BP 16) in Sebastea theme = Sivas
Syhe (C 363) port in Cilicia,
 
  +
* Sebastopolis (BM 631)
Sykeon (BP 1) city in Mesopotamia,
 
  +
* Selucia / Isauriae (M 9) city in Cilicia = Silifke
Synnada (BM 123) = &#350;uhut
 
  +
* Selymbria (BM 52) = Silivri
Syracuse (M 8) town in Calabria
 
  +
* Serdica / Hesternit / Straliz (BM 37) = Sofia
Tadmor (M 9)
 
Taik (BM 212)
+
* Sergiopolis (BM 261)
Tana (BM 547)
+
* Serres / Serra (BM 35)
  +
* Sestus (BM 478)
Tantalus (BM 126) probably = Dandal
 
  +
* Sgenin (AC 431) city in Cilicia, castle in Lapara,
Tarsus (BP 16) city
 
  +
* Side (BM 317) = Selimiye / Eski Antalya
Tebenna (AC 386) village,
 
Telchampson (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
+
* Sidera (BM 83) in Thrace
  +
* Singidunum (BM 73)
Telouch (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria
 
  +
* Sinianda (BM 149) possibly = K&#305;z&#305;lviran
Tentyra (BM 459)
 
Thebes / Stiva (BM 51)
+
* Sinope (BM 42) = Sinop
  +
* Sinopoli / Sozopolis / Sinope (BM 46) in Thrace
Themisonium (BM 108)
 
Theodosiopolis (BM 212) = Erzurum
+
* Sirmium (BM 73) = Sremska Mitrovica
  +
* Sirogellis (BM 81)
Theotokos Petritzonitissa (BM 89) monastery at Batzokova
 
Thessalonika (M 9) city in the theme of Thessalonika,
+
* Sis (M 9) town in Cilicia = Kozan
Thyateira (BM 108)
+
* Siscia (BM 378) = Sisak
Ticium (BM 378) = pAVIA
+
* Smolena (BM 88)
Timoros (AC 412) town in Dalmatia,
+
* Smyrna (AC 438) city in Samos = Izmir
  +
* Solkhat / Sorghati (BM 549) Staraya Krim
Trajanopolis (BM 88)
 
  +
* Soudi (AC 343)
Tralles (BM 129) = Ayd&#305;n
 
Trapezus (AC 386) town,
+
* Souetios (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
  +
* Sozopolis (AC 384) town ?
Trebizond / Trapezus / Tribusonda (M 9) city in Chaldea = Trabzon
 
Triglia (BM 51) probably = Tirilya
+
* Sozopolis (BM 42) in Pisidia probably = Uluborlu
  +
* Sozopolis (BM 47) in Thrace = Sozopol
Trikkala (BM 83)
 
  +
* Sparta / Lacedemonia (BM 52) = Sparti
Tripolis (BM 118) in Lydia
 
Tripolis (BM 56) in Syria = Tarabulus
+
* Stadia (BM 122) = Data
  +
* Sthlabotilin (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
Tripoliania (BM 289)
 
  +
* Sthlanitza (town, AC 374)
Troezen (BM 80)
 
Troy (BM 62) = Truva
+
* Stobi (BM 79)
  +
* Strumitsa (BM 88) monastery of Theotokos Eleousa
Tyana (BM 73) = Ni&#287;de
 
  +
* Studion (PL 569) or Studium (MoL 241)
Tyre (BM 627)
 
Tzurullum (BM 81) = orlu
+
* Sugdaia / Saldadia (BM 549) = Sudak
  +
* Sura (BM 261)
Tzybritze / Tzbrelitzzemani / Cybrilcymani (BM 126) = ivrilimeni
 
  +
* Syhe (C 363) port in Cilicia,
Tzykanisterin (AC 510)
 
  +
* Sykeon (BP 1) city in Mesopotamia,
Usuze (BM 79)
 
  +
* Synnada (BM 123) = &#350;uhut
Varna (BM 46)
 
  +
* Syracuse (M 8) town in Calabria
Vatopedi (Athonite monastery, PL 579)
 
  +
Venetia / Venice (M 8) provincial town
 
  +
'''T '''
Vicina / Vezina (BM 46) P&#259;cuiul lui Soare ?
 
Viminacium (BM 73)
+
* Tadmor (M 9)
  +
* Taik (BM 212)
Vinnensis (BM 289) town and diocese
 
  +
* Tana (BM 547)
Vonitza (castle in Epiros BL 27)
 
  +
* Tantalus (BM 126) probably = Dandal
Xanthia (BM 83)
 
  +
* Tarsus (BP 16) city
Xerigordos (town AC 312)
 
  +
* Tebenna (AC 386) village,
Xerolophos (hill and area in Constantinople, BL 63)
 
  +
* Telchampson (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
Zagora / Zaorra (BM 46)
 
  +
* Telouch (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria
Zapetra (city in Lykandos, M 9)
 
  +
* Tentyra (BM 459)
Zara (town in Dalmatia, M 8)
 
Zetunium (BM 37)
+
* Thebes / Stiva (BM 51)
  +
* Themisonium (BM 108)
  +
* Theodosiopolis (BM 212) = Erzurum
  +
* Theotokos Petritzonitissa (BM 89) monastery at Batzokova
  +
* Thessalonika (M 9) city in the theme of Thessalonika,
  +
* Thyateira (BM 108)
  +
* Ticium (BM 378) = pAVIA
  +
* Timoros (AC 412) town in Dalmatia,
  +
* Trajanopolis (BM 88)
  +
* Tralles (BM 129) = Ayd&#305;n
  +
* Trapezus (AC 386) town,
  +
* [[Trebizond]] / Trapezus / Tribusonda (M 9) city in Chaldea = Trabzon
  +
* Triglia (BM 51) probably = Tirilya
  +
* Trikkala (BM 83)
  +
* Tripolis (BM 118) in Lydia
  +
* Tripolis (BM 56) in Syria = Tarabulus
  +
* Tripoliania (BM 289)
  +
* Troezen (BM 80)
  +
* Troy (BM 62) = Truva
  +
* Tyana (BM 73) = Ni&#287;de
  +
* Tyre (BM 627)
  +
* Tzurullum (BM 81) = orlu
  +
* Tzybritze / Tzbrelitzzemani / Cybrilcymani (BM 126) = ivrilimeni
  +
* Tzykanisterin (AC 510)
  +
  +
'''U - Z'''==
  +
* Usuze (BM 79)
  +
* Varna (BM 46)
  +
* Vatopedi (Athonite monastery, PL 579)
  +
* Venetia / Venice (M 8) provincial town
  +
* Vicina / Vezina (BM 46) P&#259;cuiul lui Soare ?
  +
* Viminacium (BM 73)
  +
* Vinnensis (BM 289) town and diocese
  +
* Vonitza (castle in Epiros BL 27)
  +
* Xanthia (BM 83)
  +
* Xerigordos (town AC 312)
  +
* Xerolophos (hill and area in Constantinople, BL 63)
  +
* Zagora / Zaorra (BM 46)
  +
* Zapetra (city in Lykandos, M 9)
  +
* Zara (town in Dalmatia, M 8)
  +
* Zetunium (BM 37)
 
 
=== Themes, Districts etc ===
+
== Themes, Districts etc ==
  +
Aegean (M 9) = Insulae, 10c theme,
 
  +
'''A '''
Aegyptos (BM 170) diocese
 
  +
* Aegean (M 9) = Insulae, 10c theme,
Aetos (theme, AC 431)
 
  +
* Aegyptos (BM 170) diocese
Africa (BM 167) diocese (BM 165) prefecture or exarchate, (BM 289) proconsularis
 
  +
* Aetos (theme, AC 431)
Aigaion Pelagos (BM 651) theme
 
  +
* Africa (BM 167) diocese (BM 165) prefecture or exarchate, (BM 289) proconsularis
Akrilevo (AC 306) district in Balkans
 
Anatolic (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Aigaion Pelagos (BM 651) theme
Antares (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
+
* Akrilevo (AC 306) district in Balkans
Antartes (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
+
* Anatolic (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Antares (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
Arabia (BM 178) province
 
  +
* Antartes (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
Armenia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes divided into Armenia Prima, Secunda, Tertia
 
Asia (BM 57), theme
+
* Arabia (BM 178) province
  +
* Armenia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes divided into Armenia Prima, Secunda, Tertia
Balaneus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
 
  +
* Armeniac or Armeniakon (WI 667) theme in Asia
Bithynia (AC 307) province
 
  +
* Asia (BM 57), theme
Borze (AC 430) military district,
 
  +
Bukellarian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
  +
'''B '''
Bulgaria (BM 35) theme and kingdom
 
Calabria (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
+
* Balaneus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
  +
* Bithynia (AC 307) province
Cappadocia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes Cappadocia Prima and Secunda.
 
  +
* Borze (AC 430) military district,
Carthagena (BM 405) Spain
 
Casiotis (AC 431) theme in Cilicia,
+
* Bukellarian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Cephallenia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
+
* Bulgaria (BM 35) theme and kingdom
  +
Chaldea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
  +
'''C '''
Charsianon (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
Cherson (M 9) 10c theme in Crimea,
+
* Calabria (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
Cibyrrhaeot (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Cappadocia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes Cappadocia Prima and Secunda.
  +
* Carthagena (BM 405) Spain
Cilicia /Seleucia / Kilikia (AC 358, M 9) theme in Asia,
 
Colonea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Casiotis (AC 431) theme in Cilicia,
  +
* Cephallenia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
Cyclades (BM 559) islands and apotheke
 
Cyprus / Cipri (M 9) 10c theme,
+
* Chaldea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Charsianon (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Dacia (BM 168) diocese
 
Dyrrhachium / Dyrrhakion (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
+
* Cherson (M 9) 10c theme in Crimea,
  +
* Cibyrrhaeot (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
East (BM 168) prefecture
 
  +
* Cilicia /Seleucia / Kilikia (AC 358, M 9) theme in Asia,
Epiros (Greek Despotate)
 
Gabala (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
+
* Colonea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Galatia (BM 54) sometimes Galatia Prima and Secunda
+
* Cyclades (BM 559) islands and apotheke
  +
* Cyprus / Cipri (M 9) 10c theme,
Galliae (BM 289) diocese
 
  +
Halys (BM 609) river = K&#305;z&#305;hrmak
 
  +
'''D '''
Hellas (M 9) theme in Europe,
 
Hellaspontus (BM 57) apotheke
+
* Dacia (BM 168) diocese
  +
* Dyrrhachium / Dyrrhakion (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
Iconium (AC 487) province,
 
  +
Illyricum (AC 379) province / prefecture,
 
  +
'''E '''
Indus (BM 122) river in Dalaman
 
Italia (BM 167) prefecture
+
* East (BM 168) prefecture
  +
* Epiros (Greek Despotate)
Kappadokia (BM 100) theme
 
  +
Kathismatin (AC 431) district,
 
  +
'''G '''
Khaldia (BM 184) theme
 
  +
* Gabala (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
Kharsianon (BM 103) theme
 
  +
* Galatia (BM 54) sometimes Galatia Prima and Secunda
Kibotos (AC 453/ AC 333) province and town
 
Kibyrrhaioton (BM 58) theme
+
* Galliae (BM 289) diocese
  +
Kilikia (BM103) see Cilicia
 
  +
'''H '''
Koloneia (BM 184) theme
 
  +
* Halys (BM 609) river = K&#305;z&#305;hrmak
Koele-Syria (AC 430) province,
 
Lapara (AC 431) theme,
+
* Hellas (M 9) theme in Europe,
  +
* Hellaspontus (BM 57) apotheke
Limnii (AC 431) theme,
 
  +
Longbardia (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
 
  +
'''I '''
Lybia Inferior (BM 179) district
 
  +
* Iberia or the "theme of Iberia and Armenia" (ER 11 c.) in Asia
Lybia Superior (BM 180) district
 
  +
* Iconium (AC 487) province,
Lydia (BM 660) district
 
  +
* Illyricum (AC 379) province / prefecture,
Lykandos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
  +
* Indus (BM 122) river in Dalaman
Macedonia / Makedonia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
  +
* Italia (BM 167) prefecture
Marakes (AC 353) district
 
  +
Marakeus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia
 
  +
'''K '''
Meletene (BM 103) early theme
 
Mesopotamia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Kappadokia (BM 100) theme
  +
* Kathismatin (AC 431) district,
Monembasia (BP 130) Pelopennesian See,
 
  +
* Khaldia (BM 184) theme
Moesiae (BM 373) district and diocese
 
Neokastra (BM 131) theme
+
* Kharsianon (BM 103) theme
  +
* Kibotos (AC 453/ AC 333) province and town
Nicopolis (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
  +
* Kibyrrhaioton (BM 58) theme
Ohrid (or Ochrida) (PL 629, BL 46) Bulgarian bishopric
 
  +
* Kilikia (BM103) see Cilicia
Opsikion (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
Optimaton (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Koloneia (BM 184) theme
  +
* Koele-Syria (AC 430) province,
Oriens (180) diocese
 
  +
Pagras (AC 430) military district,
 
  +
'''L '''
Palaestina Prima (BM 179) district
 
Palatza (AC 430) military district,
+
* Lapara (AC 431) theme,
Paphlagonia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Limnii (AC 431) theme,
  +
* Longbardia (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
Pedias (BM 98) district
 
Pelagonia (AC 404) district in Dalmatia,
+
* Lybia Inferior (BM 179) district
  +
* Lybia Superior (BM 180) district
Pelopennesus (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
  +
* Lydia (BM 660) district
Philadelphia (BL 61) town & bishopric in Asia Minor,
 
  +
* Lykandos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Philippopolis (BL 117) town & bishopric,
 
  +
Podandon (AC 431) theme,
 
  +
'''M '''
Pontica (BM 163) diocese / theme
 
  +
* Macedonia / Makedonia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  +
* Marakes (AC 353) district
  +
* Marakeus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia
  +
* Meletene (BM 103) early theme
  +
* Mesopotamia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Monembasia (BP 130) Pelopennesian See,
  +
* Moesiae (BM 373) district and diocese
  +
  +
''' '''
  +
* Neokastra (BM 131) theme
  +
* Nicopolis (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  +
  +
'''O '''
  +
* Ohrid (or Ochrida) (PL 629, BL 46) Bulgarian bishopric
  +
* Opsikion (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Optimaton (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Oriens (180) diocese
  +
  +
'''P '''
  +
* Pagras (AC 430) military district,
  +
* Palaestina Prima (BM 179) district
  +
* Palatza (AC 430) military district,
  +
* Paphlagonia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Pedias (BM 98) district
  +
* Pelagonia (AC 404) district in Dalmatia,
  +
* Pelopennesus (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  +
* Philadelphia (BL 61) town & bishopric in Asia Minor,
  +
* Philippopolis (BL 117) town & bishopric,
  +
* Podandon (AC 431) theme,
  +
* Pontica (BM 163) diocese / theme
  +
  +
'''R '''
 
R(h)omania (BM 51) district
 
R(h)omania (BM 51) district
  +
Samos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
  +
'''S '''
Scutari (AC 306) district near Adriatic,
 
Sebastea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* Samos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  +
* Scutari (AC 306) district near Adriatic,
Seleucia / Seleukeia (BM 103) theme
 
  +
* Sebastea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Serbia (BM 524) kingdom
 
  +
* Seleucia / Seleukeia (BM 103) theme
Serres (BL 57) district in Macedonia,
 
  +
* Serbia (BM 524) kingdom
Sosthenion (AC 323) district near Constantinople
 
  +
* Serres (BL 57) district in Macedonia,
Sparta (BM 52) Lacademonia = Sparti
 
St Elias (AC 430) military district,
+
* Sosthenion (AC 323) district near Constantinople
  +
* Sparta (BM 52) Lacademonia = Sparti
St Symeon, (M 9) 10c port of Antioch Strymon theme in Europe,
 
  +
* St Elias (AC 430) military district,
Thrace (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
Thracesian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
+
* St Symeon, (M 9) 10c port of Antioch Strymon theme in Europe,
  +
Thebais Inferior and Superior (BM 179) district
 
  +
'''T '''
Thessalonike (BM 57) theme
 
Thracia / Thrace (BM 51) theme
+
* Thrace (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  +
* Thracesian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Tracheia (BM 98) district
 
  +
* Thebais Inferior and Superior (BM 179) district
Tres Provinciae (BM 329) Sicily, Sardina and Corsica
 
  +
* Thessalonike (BM 57) theme
Valania (district AC 353)
 
Voleron (BM 159) theme
+
* Thracia / Thrace (BM 51) theme
  +
* Tracheia (BM 98) district
Xerolophos (BL 63) hill and area in Constantinople,
 
  +
* Tres Provinciae (BM 329) Sicily, Sardina and Corsica
Zoume (AC 431) theme,
 
  +
  +
'''V - Z '''
  +
* Valania (district AC 353)
  +
* Voleron (BM 159) theme
  +
* Xerolophos (BL 63) hill and area in Constantinople,
  +
* Zoume (AC 431) theme,
  +
  +
==Geographical Features ==
  +
  +
'''A '''
  +
* Aegina (PL 593) island,
  +
* Akheloos (BM 61) river
  +
* Athyras (BM 66) river
  +
* Azala (AC 341), hill near Nicea
  +
  +
'''B '''
  +
* Baake (AC 307) lake near Philippopolis,
  +
* Balearic Islands (BM 399)
  +
  +
'''C '''
  +
* Caster (BM 62) = Kk Menderes
  +
* Cephalonia /Cephallenia (BL 18) Adriatic island
  +
* Charzanes (AC 410) river in Dalmatia,
  +
* Corfu (AC 360) Adriatic island,
  +
* Cos (AC 361) island
  +
* Crete /Creti (BM 51) island
  +
* Cyclades (BM 660) island group
  +
* Cyndus (BM 63) river at Tarsus
  +
* Cyprus / Cipri (BM 51) island
  +
  +
'''D '''
  +
* Dibolis (AC 399) river in Dalmatia,
  +
* Dorylaeum (AC 341) plain near Nicea
  +
* Drakon (BM 63) river = K&#305;rk Geid
  +
* Droa (BM 65) river = Drava
  +
* Drymon (AC 393) river in Dalmatia
  +
  +
'''E '''
  +
* Echinadian (BM 61) islands
  +
* Elissos (AC 393) river in Dalmatia,
  +
* Euboea (AC 336) Greek island,
  +
* Euxine Sea (Black Sea)
  +
  +
'''F '''
  +
* Forty Martyrs (BM 124) lake = Ak&#351;ehir Gl
  +
  +
'''H '''
  +
* Halys (AC 356) river near Ancyra (see book for Turk)
  +
  +
'''I '''
  +
* Iberon (BM 210) island
  +
* Indus (BM 122) river = Dalaman ayi (no dot)
  +
  +
'''K '''
  +
* Kephalonia (AC 360) island?
  +
  +
'''L '''
  +
* Lavros (BM 201) island
  +
* Lemnos (BM 57) island
  +
* Lesbos (BM 588) island
  +
* Leucas (AC 360) island?
  +
* Lychnis (AC 393) lake in Dalmatia,
  +
  +
'''M '''
  +
* Meander / Maeandros / Maeander (PL 561) river = Byk Menderes
  +
* Melas (BM 66) river
  +
  +
'''N '''
  +
* Nestos (BM 645) river
  +
  +
'''O '''
  +
* Onopniktes (BM 64) river (Parmenios?)
  +
  +
'''P '''
  +
* Patara (AC 361) island
  +
* Peneios (BM 64) river
  +
* Petra (AC 409) mountain pass in Dalmatia,
  +
  +
'''R '''
  +
* Rekhios (BM 64) river (possibly = Vardar)
  +
* Rhodes / Rhodi (M 9) island in Cibyrrhaeot,
  +
* Rhodope (BM 645) province
  +
  +
'''S '''
  +
* Samos (AC 361) Aegean island,
  +
* Sangaris / Sangarios (AC 307) river in Bithynia = Sakarya
  +
* Siberis (BM 64) river
  +
* Simoesis (BM 62) river
  +
* Skamandros (BM 62) river = Menderes
  +
* Skirtos (BM 63) river
  +
* Skopas (BM 64) river
  +
* Strymon (BM 83) river
  +
  +
'''T - Z '''
  +
* Taurocomas (AC 305) mountains
  +
* Tenedos (BL 78) island off Thrace,
  +
* Vardar (BM 65) river = Vardarios
  +
* Voleron (BM 159) theme
  +
* Zacynthos (AC 360) island?
 
 
  +
== Imperial Institutions, Offices and Ranks ==
=== Geographical Features ===
 
  +
Aegina (PL 593) island,
 
  +
'''A '''
Akheloos (BM 61) river
 
Athyras (BM 66) river
+
* Ab actis (BM 181)
  +
* Adiutores (BM 181): aide, assistant, secretary
Azala (AC 341), hill near Nicea
 
  +
* Agentes in rebus (BM 190)
Baake (AC 307) lake near Philippopolis,
 
  +
* Allectores (BM 387): business negotiator (?)
Balearic Islands (BM 399)
 
  +
* Anagrapheus (BM 431): commissioner appointed to codify laws
Caster (BM 62) = Kk Menderes
 
  +
* Anthypatos (BM 185): proconsul
Cephalonia /Cephallenia (BL 18) Adriatic island
 
  +
* Apo eparkh&#333;n (BM 656)
Charzanes (AC 410) river in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Apo hypat&#333;n (BM 194)
Corfu (AC 360) Adriatic island,
 
  +
* Apokrisiaros / apocrisiarius (BM 351): secretary
Cos (AC 361) island
 
  +
* Apoth&#275;karios/ apothecarious (BM 242): keeper of a storehouse
Crete /Creti (BM 51) island
 
  +
* Apoth&#275;k&#275; � t&#333;n basilik&#333;n kommerki&#333;n (BM 626)
Cyclades (BM 660) island group
 
Cyndus (BM 63) river at Tarsus
+
* Apparitor (BM 187): public servant
  +
* Argyros (BM 197) tou bestiou / t&#333;n stephan&#333;n (BM 276)
Cyprus / Cipri (BM 51) island
 
  +
* Arhh&#333;n � t&#275;s kharag&#275;s (BM 412)
Dibolis (AC 399) river in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Armamentum / on (BM 331)
Dorylaeum (AC 341) plain near Nicea
 
  +
* Assessor (BM 178): judge
Drakon (BM 63) river = K&#305;rk Geid
 
  +
* Aurifices (BM 389): goldworker
Droa (BM 65) river = Drava
 
  +
Drymon (AC 393) river in Dalmatia
 
  +
'''B '''
Echinadian (BM 61) islands
 
  +
* Balnit&#333;r (BM 656): bath attendant
Elissos (AC 393) river in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Blattion (BM 630): purple dye maker (?) literally �purplish�
Euboea (AC 336) Greek island,
 
  +
* Bouleut&#275;s (BM 190):
Euxine Sea (Black Sea)
 
  +
Forty Martyrs (BM 124) lake = Ak&#351;ehir Gl
 
  +
'''C '''
Halys (AC 356) river near Ancyra (see book for Turk)
 
  +
* Caesar / kaisar (BM 164): heir to the throne
Iberon (BM 210) island
 
  +
* Cancellarius (BM 165): councillor, adviser
Indus (BM 122) river = Dalaman ayi (no dot)
 
  +
* Castrensis � sacri palatii (BM 203): soldier in the camp
Kephalonia (AC 360) island?
 
  +
* Chartularius (BM 181): keeper of the archives of the court
Lavros (BM 201) island
 
  +
* Chartophylax (MoL 241), archivist
Lemnos (BM 57) island
 
  +
* Circitor (BM 166): watchman, sentinel
Lesbos (BM 588) island
 
  +
* Clarissimus (BM 244): distinguished public figure (senator etc)
Leucas (AC 360) island?
 
  +
* Collator (BM 332): one who contributes to the state
Lychnis (AC 393) lake in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Comes / kom&#275;s (BM 178): literally �companion�, lower rank of nobles
Meander / Maeandros / Maeander (PL 561) river = Byk Menderes
 
  +
* Comes � domesticorum (BM 187): �companion of the house�
Melas (BM 66) river
 
  +
* Comes � domorum (BM 179)
Nestos (BM 645) river
 
  +
* Comes � sacri patrimonii per Italium (BM 404)
Onopniktes (BM 64) river (Parmenios?)
 
  +
* Comitatus (BM 388): literally �escort� or �companion�
Patara (AC 361) island
 
  +
* Comitiva / comes sacrarum largitionum (BM 187): chief officer
Peneios (BM 64) river
 
  +
* Conductor (BM 332): one who hires, farmer
Petra (AC 409) mountain pass in Dalmatia,
 
  +
* Consiliarius (BM 165): counsellor, adviser
Rekhios (BM 64) river (possibly = Vardar)
 
  +
* Consistorium (BM 190): place of assembly
Rhodes / Rhodi (M 9) island in Cibyrrhaeot,
 
  +
* Consularis (BM 165): consul or former consul (highest ruling magistrate)
Rhodope (BM 645) province
 
  +
* Cubicularius / koubikoularios (BM 227): chamber servant
Samos (AC 361) Aegean island,
 
  +
* Cubiculum � sacrum (BM 333): chamber servant of a holy place
Sangaris / Sangarios (AC 307) river in Bithynia = Sakarya
 
  +
* Curator thesauri (BM 411): keeper of the store or treasure
Siberis (BM 64) river
 
Simoesis (BM 62) river
+
* Curiosus (BM 608): spy or scout
  +
* Cursus clabularis (BM 294) = platys dromos
Skamandros (BM 62) river = Menderes
 
  +
* Cursus publicus (BM 294) = d&#275;mosios dromos
Skirtos (BM 63) river
 
  +
* Cursus velox (BM 295) = oxys dromos
Skopas (BM 64) river
 
  +
Strymon (BM 83) river
 
  +
'''D '''
Taurocomas (AC 305) mountains
 
  +
* Dekharkh&#275;s (BM 182)
Tenedos (BL 78) island off Thrace,
 
  +
* Despot&#275;s (BM 164): despot or master
Vardar (BM 65) river = Vardarios
 
  +
* Devotus / devotissimus (BM 243): faithful or follower
Voleron (BM 159) theme
 
  +
* Dioiket&#275;s (BM 414)
Zacynthos (AC 360) island?
 
  +
* Domestici / domestikoi � presentales (BM 187)
 
  +
* Domestikoi (BM 433)
=== Imperial Institutions, Offices and Ranks ===
 
  +
* Domestikos � t&#275;s hypourgias (BM 305)
Ab actis (BM 181)
 
  +
* Domestikos � t&#333;n optimat&#333;n (BM 312)
Adiutores (BM 181): aide, assistant, secretary
 
  +
* Domestikos - t&#333;n skhol&#333;n (BM 104)
Agentes in rebus (BM 190)
 
  +
* Domus Divina � per Cappadocium (BM 55)
Allectores (BM 387): business negotiator (?)
 
  +
* Droungarios (BM 182), Admiral
Anagrapheus (BM 431): commissioner appointed to codify laws
 
  +
* Droungarios - t&#333;n plo&#970;m&#333;n (BM 184)
Anthypatos (BM 185): proconsul
 
  +
* Ducenarius (BM 166): leader of two hundred
Apo eparkh&#333;n (BM 656)
 
  +
* Dux / doux (BM 165): leader or commander
Apo hypat&#333;n (BM 194)
 
  +
* Dux et Augustalis (BM 170): commander and emperor
Apokrisiaros / apocrisiarius (BM 351): secretary
 
  +
Apoth&#275;karios/ apothecarious (BM 242): keeper of a storehouse
 
  +
'''E '''
Apoth&#275;k&#275; t&#333;n basilik&#333;n kommerki&#333;n (BM 626)
 
  +
* Eidikon / isikon / eidikos (BM 192): general
Apparitor (BM 187): public servant
 
  +
* Episkepsis (BM 58): injuction or denunciation
Argyros (BM 197) tou bestiou / t&#333;n stephan&#333;n (BM 276)
 
  +
* Epopt&#275;s (BM 414): one who is admitted into the highest grade of holy mysteries
Arhh&#333;n t&#275;s kharag&#275;s (BM 412)
 
Armamentum / on (BM 331)
+
* Ergodosia (BM 629)
  +
* Eudokimotatos (BM 244)
Assessor (BM 178): judge
 
  +
* Exarkhos / exarchus (BM 407): leader, chief or commander
Aurifices (BM 389): goldworker
 
  +
* Exceptor (BM 181): scribe, literally �one who catches up�
Balnit&#333;r (BM 656): bath attendant
 
  +
* Excubitores / exkoubitores (BM 622): sentinels or watchmen
Blattion (BM 630): purple dye maker (?) literally purplish
 
Bouleut&#275;s (BM 190):
+
* Exercitus (BM 423): army
  +
* Exis&#333;t&#275;s (BM 414)
Caesar / kaisar (BM 164): heir to the throne
 
  +
Cancellarius (BM 165): councillor, adviser
 
  +
'''F '''
Castrensis sacri palatii (BM 203): soldier in the camp
 
  +
* Fabrica / phabrix (BM 416): [[workshop]] of artisan
Chartularius (BM 181): keeper of the archives of the court
 
  +
Chartophylax (MoL 241), archivist
 
  +
'''G '''
Circitor (BM 166): watchman, sentinel
 
  +
* Genikon (BM 410): belonging to the race or tribe
Clarissimus (BM 244): distinguished public figure (senator etc)
 
  +
* Grammaticus (AC 495), grammarian
Collator (BM 332): one who contributes to the state
 
  +
* Gynaecium (BM 560), women�s quarters
Comes / kom&#275;s (BM 178): literally companion, lower rank of nobles
 
  +
Comes domesticorum (BM 187): companion of the house
 
  +
'''H '''
Comes domorum (BM 179)
 
  +
* Hetaireia � megal&#275; (BM 186): comrade
Comes sacri patrimonii per Italium (BM 404)
 
  +
* Honestus (BM 244): honoured or distinguished
Comitatus (BM 388): literally escort or companion
 
  +
* Hypatos (BM 185): highest
Comitiva / comes sacrarum largitionum (BM 187): chief officer
 
  +
* Hyperarithmoi (BM 186): supernumerary
Conductor (BM 332): one who hires, farmer
 
  +
* Hypeourgia � basilik&#275; (BM )
Consiliarius (BM 165): counsellor, adviser
 
  +
Consistorium (BM 190): place of assembly
 
  +
'''K '''
Consularis (BM 165): consul or former consul (highest ruling magistrate)
 
  +
* Katholikos (BM 377): supervisor of accounts
Cubicularius / koubikoularios (BM 227): chamber servant
 
  +
* Kellarios � oikeiakos basilikos (BM 305)
Cubiculum sacrum (BM 333): chamber servant of a holy place
 
  +
* Kentarkhos (BM 182)
Curator thesauri (BM 411): keeper of the store or treasure
 
  +
* Khartoularios � t&#333;n arkl&#333;n (BM )
Curiosus (BM 608): spy or scout
 
  +
* Khartoularios � tou sakellion (BM 318)
Cursus clabularis (BM 294) = platys dromos
 
  +
* Khartoularios � tou stablou (BM 312)
Cursus publicus (BM 294) = d&#275;mosios dromos
 
  +
* Khartoularios � tou thematos (BM 414)
Cursus velox (BM 295) = oxys dromos
 
  +
* Khartoularios tou vestiariou (BM 410)
Dekharkh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
Despot&#275;s (BM 164): despot or master
+
* Khazaroi (BM 186): pertaining to the Khazars
  +
* Kh&#333;neia (BM 225)
Devotus / devotissimus (BM 243): faithful or follower
 
Dioiket&#275;s (BM 414)
+
* Khryseps&#275;teion (BM 259)
  +
* Khrys(o)eps&#275;t&#275;s (BM 427)
Domestici / domestikoi presentales (BM 187)
 
  +
* Khrys&#333;n&#275;s (BM 341)
Domestikoi (BM 433)
 
  +
* Khrys(i)oplysiai / oi (BM 225)
Domestikos t&#275;s hypourgias (BM 305)
 
  +
* Khrysiurgion (BM 260)
Domestikos t&#333;n optimat&#333;n (BM 312)
 
  +
* Kleisoura (BM 183): narrow pass
Domestikos - t&#333;n skhol&#333;n (BM 104)
 
  +
* Kleisourarkh&#275;s (BM 182)
Domus Divina per Cappadocium (BM 55)
 
  +
* Koit&#333;n � basilikos (BM 160): chamberlain possibly �of the king�
Droungarios (BM 182), Admiral
 
Droungarios - t&#333;n plo&#970;m&#333;n (BM 184)
+
* Koit&#333;nit&#275;s (BM 191)
  +
* Kommerkiaros (BM 592)
Ducenarius (BM 166): leader of two hundred
 
  +
* Komes � tou stablou (BM 312)
Dux / doux (BM 165): leader or commander
 
  +
* Kort&#275; � basilik&#275; (BM 272)
Dux et Augustalis (BM 170): commander and emperor
 
Eidikon / isikon / eidikos (BM 192): general
+
* Kourat&#333;reion (BM 104): curator
  +
* Kouropalat&#275;s (BM 185)
Episkepsis (BM 58): injuction or denunciation
 
  +
* Krit&#275;s � thematos (BM 430) = prait&#333;r
Epopt&#275;s (BM 414): one who is admitted into the highest grade of holy mysteries
 
  +
Ergodosia (BM 629)
 
  +
'''L '''
Eudokimotatos (BM 244)
 
  +
* Lamprotatos (BM 244)
Exarkhos / exarchus (BM 407): leader, chief or commander
 
  +
* Largitionales (BM 387): treasury officers
Exceptor (BM 181): scribe, literally one who catches up
 
  +
* Limitanei (BM 166)
Excubitores / exkoubitores (BM 622): sentinels or watchmen
 
  +
* Logothet&#275;s � t&#333;n agel&#333;n (BM )
Exercitus (BM 423): army
 
Exis&#333;t&#275;s (BM 414)
+
* Logothet&#275;s � tou dromou (BM 220)
  +
* Logothet&#275;s � tou genikou (BM 410)
Fabrica / phabrix (BM 416): workshop of artisan
 
  +
* Logothet&#275;s � tou strati&#333;tikou (BM 410)
Genikon (BM 410): belonging to the race or tribe
 
  +
Grammaticus (AC 495), grammarian
 
  +
'''M '''
Gynaecium (BM 560), womens quarters
 
  +
* Magister militum (BM 165) = strat&#275;goi: master of war or general
Hetaireia megal&#275; (BM 186): comrade
 
  +
* Magister officiorum (BM 388): master of the workplace (?)
Honestus (BM 244): honoured or distinguished
 
  +
* Magister (rationalis) � rei privatae (BM 377)
Hypatos (BM 185): highest
 
Hyperarithmoi (BM 186): supernumerary
+
* Magistros (BM 185): master
  +
* Manglavit&#275;s (BM 191): bath slave (?)
Hypeourgia basilik&#275; (BM )
 
Katholikos (BM 377): supervisor of accounts
+
* Mansio (BM 73): lodging place, abode
  +
* Megas dierm&#275;neut&#275;s (BM 440)
Kellarios oikeiakos basilikos (BM 305)
 
  +
* Megas domestikos (BM 159): chief domestic
Kentarkhos (BM 182)
 
  +
* Megas doux (BM 181): great or over leader
Khartoularios t&#333;n arkl&#333;n (BM )
 
  +
* Megas logariast&#275;s (t&#333;n euag&#333;n sekret&#333;n) (BM 433)
Khartoularios tou sakellion (BM 318)
 
  +
* Megas logariast&#275;s (t&#333;n sekret&#333;n) (BM 432)
Khartoularios tou stablou (BM 312)
 
  +
* Megas logothet&#275;s (BM 208)
Khartoularios tou thematos (BM 414)
 
  +
* Megas stratopedarkh&#275;s (BM 212)
Khartoularios tou vestiariou (BM 410)
 
  +
* Meriarkh&#275;s (BM 182)
Khazaroi (BM 186): pertaining to the Khazars
 
Kh&#333;neia (BM 225)
+
* M&#275;taton (BM 311)
Khryseps&#275;teion (BM 259)
+
* Metr&#275;tai (BM 318): measurer
  +
* Minsourat&#333;r (BM 305) = mensurator: measurer
Khrys(o)eps&#275;t&#275;s (BM 427)
 
  +
* Moderator (BM 178): manager or director
Khrys&#333;n&#275;s (BM 341)
 
  +
* Moneta (BM 276): the mint
Khrys(i)oplysiai / oi (BM 225)
 
  +
* Moneta publica / fiscalis (BM 390)
Khrysiurgion (BM 260)
 
Kleisoura (BM 183): narrow pass
+
* Monetarius (BM 326): master of the mint
  +
Kleisourarkh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
  +
'''N '''
Koit&#333;n basilikos (BM 160): chamberlain possibly of the king
 
  +
* Numerarius (BM 166): keeper of accounts
Koit&#333;nit&#275;s (BM 191)
 
  +
Kommerkiaros (BM 592)
 
  +
'''O '''
Komes tou stablou (BM 312)
 
  +
* Osequium (BM 621) = opsikion
Kort&#275; basilik&#275; (BM 272)
 
  +
* Officium / offikion (BM 165), office staff
Kourat&#333;reion (BM 104): curator
 
Kouropalat&#275;s (BM 185)
+
* Oikeiak&#333;n, epi t&#333;n (BM 434)
  +
* Opifices � monetae (BM 321): makers of money
Krit&#275;s thematos (BM 430) = prait&#333;r
 
  +
* Orphanotrophos (BM 297): bringer up of orphans
Lamprotatos (BM 244)
 
  +
Largitionales (BM 387): treasury officers
 
  +
'''P '''
Limitanei (BM 166)
 
  +
* Palatinus /i (BM 388): person or people of the Palatine
Logothet&#275;s t&#333;n agel&#333;n (BM )
 
  +
* Parakoim&#333;memos (BM 104): guard
Logothet&#275;s tou dromou (BM 220)
 
  +
* Patricius / patrikios (BM 185): patrician or noble
Logothet&#275;s tou genikou (BM 410)
 
  +
* Pertinentia (BM 89) = episkepsis
Logothet&#275;s tou strati&#333;tikou (BM 410)
 
  +
* Pharganoi (BM 186)
Magister militum (BM 165) = strat&#275;goi: master of war or general
 
  +
* Phylax (BM 310): sentinel, watcher
Magister officiorum (BM 388): master of the workplace (?)
 
  +
* Praefectura /us (BM 165): pefect or president
Magister (rationalis) rei privatae (BM 377)
 
  +
* Praefectus � Augustalis (BM 179): prefect of Augustus
Magistros (BM 185): master
 
  +
* Praefectus � urbi(s) (BM 194): prefect of the city
Manglavit&#275;s (BM 191): bath slave (?)
 
  +
* Praefectus � vigilum (BM 180): prefect of the virgiles (city police)
Mansio (BM 73): lodging place, abode
 
  +
* Praepositus (BM 459): overseer
Megas dierm&#275;neut&#275;s (BM 440)
 
  +
* Praepositus � sacri cubiculi (BM 179): overseer of the sacred chamber
Megas domestikos (BM 159): chief domestic
 
  +
* Praepositus � (sacrorum) thesaurorum (BM 345): overseer of the treasure
Megas doux (BM 181): great or over leader
 
  +
* Praeses (BM 165): guardian, defender
Megas logariast&#275;s (t&#333;n euag&#333;n sekret&#333;n) (BM 433)
 
  +
* Praetor / prait&#333;r (BM 178): head, leader or chief
Megas logariast&#275;s (t&#333;n sekret&#333;n) (BM 432)
 
  +
* Praetor populi (BM 180): leader of the people
Megas logothet&#275;s (BM 208)
 
Megas stratopedarkh&#275;s (BM 212)
+
* Prakt&#333;r (BM 99)
  +
* Primicerius (BM 166): first or chief
Meriarkh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
M&#275;taton (BM 311)
+
* Primik&#275;rios � tou (oikeiakou) vestiariou (BM 440)
Metr&#275;tai (BM 318): measurer
+
* Prokath&#275;menos � tou vestiariou (BM 440)
  +
* Proconsul (BM 178): one who, at the end of his consulship, becomes a governor of a province
Minsourat&#333;r (BM 305) = mensurator: measurer
 
Moderator (BM 178): manager or director
+
* Procurator � monetae (BM 316): manager of the money
  +
* Proedros (BM 185): priviledged one (eg gets front seats in theatre etc)
Moneta (BM 276): the mint
 
  +
* Prosecutores (BM 387): attendant, companion
Moneta publica / fiscalis (BM 390)
 
  +
* Protectores / protiktores (BM 622): bodyguards
Monetarius (BM 326): master of the mint
 
  +
* Pr&#333;tokarabos (BM 191)
Numerarius (BM 166): keeper of accounts
 
  +
* Pr&#333;tonotarios � tou thematos (BM 305)
Osequium (BM 621) = opsikion
 
  +
* Pr&#333;toproedros (BM 58)
Officium / offikion (BM 165), office staff
 
Oikeiak&#333;n, epi t&#333;n (BM 434)
+
* Pr&#333;topatharaton (BM 186)
  +
* Pr&#333;tospatharios (BM 185)
Opifices monetae (BM 321): makers of money
 
  +
* Pr&#333;tostrat&#333;r (BM 259)
Orphanotrophos (BM 297): bringer up of orphans
 
  +
* Protostratotius (�chief equerry�, Basil I held this position for Michael III before their marriage, MoL 234)
Palatinus /i (BM 388): person or people of the Palatine
 
Parakoim&#333;memos (BM 104): guard
+
* Pr&#333;tovestariarios (BM 192)
  +
Patricius / patrikios (BM 185): patrician or noble
 
  +
'''Q '''
Pertinentia (BM 89) = episkepsis
 
  +
* Quasestor � sacri palatii (BM 404)
Pharganoi (BM 186)
 
  +
* Quaestura / quastor exercitus (BM 104): the office of magistrate
Phylax (BM 310): sentinel, watcher
 
  +
Praefectura /us (BM 165): pefect or president
 
  +
'''R '''
Praefectus Augustalis (BM 179): prefect of Augustus
 
  +
* Rationalis (BM 381): treasurer
Praefectus urbi(s) (BM 194): prefect of the city
 
  +
* Rationalis � rei summae (BM 329): literally �treasurer of high things�
Praefectus vigilum (BM 180): prefect of the virgiles (city police)
 
  +
* Rhaikt&#333;r (BM 184)
Praepositus (BM 459): overseer
 
  +
Praepositus sacri cubiculi (BM 179): overseer of the sacred chamber
 
  +
'''S '''
Praepositus (sacrorum) thesaurorum (BM 345): overseer of the treasure
 
  +
* Sabastos (BM 89): quarrier of gravel or rock (?)
Praeses (BM 165): guardian, defender
 
  +
* Sakellion / sakellarios (BM 192): �shieldlet�
Praetor / prait&#333;r (BM 178): head, leader or chief
 
  +
* Scalptores (BM 389): carver
Praetor populi (BM 180): leader of the people
 
  +
* Scholae / Skholai (BM 186): school, disciples
Prakt&#333;r (BM 99)
 
  +
* Scholarii / skholarioi (BM 243): belonging to a school
Primicerius (BM 166): first or chief
 
  +
* Scribo (BM 190): to write, I write, something written
Primik&#275;rios tou (oikeiakou) vestiariou (BM 440)
 
  +
* Scrinium (BM 390): book box or letter case
Prokath&#275;menos tou vestiariou (BM 440)
 
  +
* Sebastokrat&#333;r (BM 89): august person
Proconsul (BM 178): one who, at the end of his consulship, becomes a governor of a province
 
  +
* Sekreta (BM 410)
Procurator monetae (BM 316): manager of the money
 
  +
* Semissalis (BM 166): literally �half another� (???)
Proedros (BM 185): priviledged one (eg gets front seats in theatre etc)
 
  +
* Sk&#275;n&#275; � basilik&#275; (BM 272)
Prosecutores (BM 387): attendant, companion
 
  +
* Spatharios (BM 185): swordsman (?)
Protectores / protiktores (BM 622): bodyguards
 
  +
* Spatharokandidatos (BM 185): trainee swordsman (?)
Pr&#333;tokarabos (BM 191)
 
  +
* Spectabilis (BM 180): literally �spectacle�, a title for high officers
Pr&#333;tonotarios tou thematos (BM 305)
 
  +
* Stathmos (BM 99): quarters, lodging, station
Pr&#333;toproedros (BM 58)
 
  +
* Statio (BM 331): post or station
Pr&#333;topatharaton (BM 186)
 
Pr&#333;tospatharios (BM 185)
+
* Strat&#275;gia (BM 624): general
  +
* Strat&#275;gos (BM 138): general
Pr&#333;tostrat&#333;r (BM 259)
 
  +
* Stratelat&#275;s (BM 656): military command
Protostratotius (chief equerry, Basil I held this position for Michael III before their marriage, MoL 234)
 
Pr&#333;tovestariarios (BM 192)
+
* Strati&#333;tikon (BM 410)
  +
* Stratopedarkhein / startopedarkh&#275;s (BM 133): military commander
Quasestor sacri palatii (BM 404)
 
  +
* Susceptor (BM 331): contractor or collector of taxes � tax farmer
Quaestura / quastor exercitus (BM 104): the office of magistrate
 
  +
Rationalis (BM 381): treasurer
 
  +
'''T '''
Rationalis rei summae (BM 329): literally treasurer of high things
 
  +
* Tagmata (BM 130): leader of a brigade of soldiers
Rhaikt&#333;r (BM 184)
 
  +
* Tamieion � basilikon / koinon (BM 131): servant or steward of �
Sabastos (BM 89): quarrier of gravel or rock (?)
 
  +
* Tourmakh&#275;s (BM 182)
Sakellion / sakellarios (BM 192): shieldlet
 
  +
* Trapeza � basilik&#275; (BM 186): table of the �
Scalptores (BM 389): carver
 
  +
* Trapeza � genik&#275; (BM 411) table of the �
Scholae / Skholai (BM 186): school, disciples
 
  +
* Trapeza � idik&#275; (BM 411) table of the �
Scholarii / skholarioi (BM 243): belonging to a school
 
  +
* Tribunus et notarius (BM 187): tribunes (captains) and clerks
Scribo (BM 190): to write, I write, something written
 
Scrinium (BM 390): book box or letter case
+
* Turma /tourma (BM 193): troop or squadron
  +
Sebastokrat&#333;r (BM 89): august person
 
  +
'''v - Z '''
Sekreta (BM 410)
 
  +
* Vestarkh&#275;s (BM 185)
Semissalis (BM 166): literally half another (???)
 
Sk&#275;n&#275;
+
* Vest&#275;s (BM 185)
Spatharios (BM 185): swordsman (?)
+
* Vestiaritai (BM 433): clothiers (?)
  +
* Vestiarium / ion (BM 197) = basiliki&#275; koinon tamiseion
Spatharokandidatos (BM 185): trainee swordsman (?)
 
  +
* Vestiarion � oikeiakon basilikou (BM 197)
Spectabilis (BM 180): literally spectacle, a title for high officers
 
  +
* Vicarius (BM 178): underservant or underslave
Stathmos (BM 99): quarters, lodging, station
 
  +
* Xenodokheion (BM 134): place for strangers to lodge
Statio (BM 331): post or station
 
Strat&#275;gia (BM 624): general
+
* Zygostat&#275;s � demosios (BM 317)
  +
Strat&#275;gos (BM 138): general
 
  +
==Possible and Definite Nicknames==
Stratelat&#275;s (BM 656): military command
 
Strati&#333;tikon (BM 410)
 
Stratopedarkhein / startopedarkh&#275;s (BM 133): military commander
 
Susceptor (BM 331): contractor or collector of taxes tax farmer
 
Tagmata (BM 130): leader of a brigade of soldiers
 
Tamieion basilikon / koinon (BM 131): servant or steward of
 
Tourmakh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
Trapeza basilik&#275; (BM 186): table of the
 
Trapeza genik&#275; (BM 411) table of the
 
Trapeza idik&#275; (BM 411) table of the
 
Tribunus et notarius (BM 187): tribunes (captains) and clerks
 
Turma /tourma (BM 193): troop or squadron
 
Vestarkh&#275;s (BM 185)
 
Vest&#275;s (BM 185)
 
Vestiaritai (BM 433): clothiers (?)
 
Vestiarium / ion (BM 197) = basiliki&#275; koinon tamiseion
 
Vestiarion oikeiakon basilikou (BM 197)
 
Vicarius (BM 178): underservant or underslave
 
Xenodokheion (BM 134): place for strangers to lodge
 
Zygostat&#275;s demosios (BM 317)
 
 
Possible and Definite Nicknames
 
 
 
the Almsgiver (BM 204) John, patriarch of Alexandria
+
* the Almsgiver (BM 204) John, patriarch of Alexandria
Balsamon (12c PL 600) Theodorus, canonical comentator,
+
* Balsamon (12c PL 600) Theodorus, canonical comentator,
Cataias (BP 39) John, 7c
+
* Cataias (BP 39) John, 7c
Chrysostom (St John)
+
* Chrysostom (St John)
Diblatius (AC 497) Bogomile preacher,
+
* Diblatius (AC 497) Bogomile preacher,
Digenis (PL 608)
+
* Digenis (PL 608)
the Fat (BM 225) John Comnenus
+
* the Fat (BM 225) John Comnenus
Mavrocatacalon (AC 302) Marianus
+
* Mavrocatacalon (AC 302) Marianus
the Naked (PL 631)
+
* the Naked (PL 631)
the New (PL 584) Basil, seer 10c
+
* the New (PL 584) Basil, seer 10c
the New Theologian (PL 584) Simeon,
+
* the New Theologian (PL 584) Simeon,
Pantechnes (AC 510) Michael,
+
* Pantechnes (AC 510) Michael,
the Phileote (PL 584)
+
* the Phileote (PL 584)
Scholasticus (BP 19) John 6c p,
+
* Scholasticus (BP 19) John 6c p,
Scylitzes (PL 560) John, author,
+
* Scylitzes (PL 560) John, author,
the Studite (PL 597)
+
* the Studite (PL 597)
the Stylite (BM 174) Joshua
+
* the Stylite (BM 174) Joshua
Thaumaturgus (BP 19) Symeon, holy man
+
* Thaumaturgus (BP 19) Symeon, holy man
Tourmachos (PL 583) troop commander,
+
* Tourmachos (PL 583) troop commander,
 
 
 
== Bibliography ==
 
== Bibliography ==
 
Bibliography used (commonly available lists of Emperors and Saints are not mentioned)
 
Bibliography used (commonly available lists of Emperors and Saints are not mentioned)
* Aris, Phillipe and George Duby (general editors) ''A History of Private Life Vol 1 From Pagan Rome to Byzantium'', Paul Veyne (1992) (translated Arthur Goldhammer) Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ISBN 0674399749.
+
* Ari�s, Phillipe and George Duby (general editors) ''A History of Private Life Vol 1 From Pagan Rome to Byzantium'', Paul Veyne (1992) (translated Arthur Goldhammer) Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ISBN 0674399749.
** A very readable account of customs and mors.
+
** A very readable account of customs and mor�s.
 
** citations use PL xxx
 
** citations use PL xxx
 
*Boswell, John (1996) ''The Marriage of Likeness: Same-Sex Unions in Pre-modern Europe'' Fontana Press, London, ISBN 0006863264.
 
*Boswell, John (1996) ''The Marriage of Likeness: Same-Sex Unions in Pre-modern Europe'' Fontana Press, London, ISBN 0006863264.
Line 1,438: Line 1,620:
 
**citations use tb xxxx
 
**citations use tb xxxx
 
* Comnena, Anna (1150) (translated E. R. A. Sewter) ''The Alexiad Penguin Books'', London (this edition 1969), ISBN 0140442154.
 
* Comnena, Anna (1150) (translated E. R. A. Sewter) ''The Alexiad Penguin Books'', London (this edition 1969), ISBN 0140442154.
** A Byzantine Princess, exiled to a convent for plotting against the Emperor, writes a histoory of the Emperor
+
** A Byzantine Princess, exiled to a convent for plotting against the Emperor, writes a histoory of the Emperor�s predecessor - her father). Essential reading for a balanced view of the First Crusade.
 
**citations use AC xxx
 
**citations use AC xxx
  +
*Edwards, Robert W. (1988), The Vale of Kola: A Final Preliminary Report on the Marchlands of Northeast Turkey, pp. 138-140. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 42.
  +
**citations use ER xxx
 
*Hendy, Michael F. (1985) ''Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy c300-1450'' Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521247152
 
*Hendy, Michael F. (1985) ''Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy c300-1450'' Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521247152
 
**citations use BM xxx
 
**citations use BM xxx
Line 1,448: Line 1,632:
 
**Unusual both in dealing with Byzantine women and with the lateness of the portrayal.
 
**Unusual both in dealing with Byzantine women and with the lateness of the portrayal.
 
**citations use BL xxx
 
**citations use BL xxx
*Treharne, R. F. (1982) ''Muir
+
*Treharne, R. F. (1982) ''Muir�s Atlas of Medieval and Modern History'' George Phillip, London, ISBN 0 540 05434 8.
 
**citations us M xx
 
**citations us M xx
  +
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theme_(Byzantine_administrative_unit)#List_of_the_themata
  +
**citations use WI xxx
   
 
== Notes ==
 
== Notes ==
Much of this article is based on an original article by [[Hrolf Herjolfssen]].
+
Much of this article is based on an original article by Hrolf Herjolfssen.
  +
[[Category:byzantine]]

Latest revision as of 22:32, 27 January 2010