Difference between revisions of "Byzantine Names"

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== A Short (and rough) Guide to Byzantine Names for SCA personae ==
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'''A Short (and rough) Guide to Byzantine Names for [[SCA]] [[persona]]e'''
  +
 
This is a listing of names that may be useful for constructing [[Byzantine]] persona. Please note that this is compiled by a non-historian and non-linguist. When errors are detected, please let me know so that I can correct them. Additional material is always welcomed. It is a work in progress and will be added to as I have time to research more books. Some names of barbarians who became citizens are included. Names from client states such as Serbia and Bosnia, as well as adversaries, can be found in [[Mongol Names]].
 
This is a listing of names that may be useful for constructing [[Byzantine]] persona. Please note that this is compiled by a non-historian and non-linguist. When errors are detected, please let me know so that I can correct them. Additional material is always welcomed. It is a work in progress and will be added to as I have time to research more books. Some names of barbarians who became citizens are included. Names from client states such as Serbia and Bosnia, as well as adversaries, can be found in [[Mongol Names]].
   
=== Family Names ===
+
==Family Name==
 
The family name ends in us, as, os or es if the person is male and a or ina if female. Thus Alexius Comnenus daughter is Anna Comnena. Sometimes a series of surnames would be put together to show geneology by birth or marriage (eg Theodora Branaina Komnene Laskarina Cantacuzene Palaiologos, BL 4). This was more common in later periods and much more common with females than males. Originally surnames were often taken from an adjective or common word, but could be from a Latin or other barbarian name. When talking of the whole family, in the plural, an oi is used, thus Akrtoi or Comnenoi.<br>
 
The family name ends in us, as, os or es if the person is male and a or ina if female. Thus Alexius Comnenus daughter is Anna Comnena. Sometimes a series of surnames would be put together to show geneology by birth or marriage (eg Theodora Branaina Komnene Laskarina Cantacuzene Palaiologos, BL 4). This was more common in later periods and much more common with females than males. Originally surnames were often taken from an adjective or common word, but could be from a Latin or other barbarian name. When talking of the whole family, in the plural, an oi is used, thus Akrtoi or Comnenoi.<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
  +
'''A'''
====A====
 
 
* Acropolites (BM 246) George, megas logothetes
 
* Acropolites (BM 246) George, megas logothetes
 
* Adralestos (AC 418) diplomat
 
* Adralestos (AC 418) diplomat
Line 31: Line 32:
 
* Autoreianus (BM 444) Michael, patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Autoreianus (BM 444) Michael, patriarch of Constantinople
   
  +
'''B'''
====B====
 
 
* Balsamon (PL 562) patriarch of Antioch 9c,
 
* Balsamon (PL 562) patriarch of Antioch 9c,
 
* Baradaeus (AC 465) Jacob, 6c Monophysite leader,
 
* Baradaeus (AC 465) Jacob, 6c Monophysite leader,
Line 51: Line 52:
 
* Byzantios (BM 160)
 
* Byzantios (BM 160)
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Cabasilis (AC 408) Alexander, general
 
* Cabasilis (AC 408) Alexander, general
 
* Callinicus (AC 517) 6c inventor of Greek fire,
 
* Callinicus (AC 517) 6c inventor of Greek fire,
Line 79: Line 80:
 
* Cydones (BP 143) Demetrios 15c Latin convert,
 
* Cydones (BP 143) Demetrios 15c Latin convert,
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dabatenus (AC 386) dux of [[Trebizond]],
 
* Dabatenus (AC 386) dux of [[Trebizond]],
 
* Dalassena (AC 270) thalassocrator under Alexius I, (PL 573) maiden name of Anna, mother of Alexius I
 
* Dalassena (AC 270) thalassocrator under Alexius I, (PL 573) maiden name of Anna, mother of Alexius I
Line 88: Line 89:
 
* Ducas (fem Ducaena) (BM159) Constantine X, basilicus 1059-1067; Alexius V, * basilicus 1204
 
* Ducas (fem Ducaena) (BM159) Constantine X, basilicus 1059-1067; Alexius V, * basilicus 1204
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Eirenikos (BM 444) Theodore II, patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Eirenikos (BM 444) Theodore II, patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Eroticus (AC 335) Manuel 10c prefect,
 
* Eroticus (AC 335) Manuel 10c prefect,
Line 98: Line 99:
 
* Exazenus (AC 390) Hyaleas, rebel
 
* Exazenus (AC 390) Hyaleas, rebel
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Ferro (BM230) brothers
 
* Ferro (BM230) brothers
 
* Flaccilla (BM 491) Aelia, augusta, first wife of Theodosius I
 
* Flaccilla (BM 491) Aelia, augusta, first wife of Theodosius I
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Gabalas (BM 525) John
 
* Gabalas (BM 525) John
 
* Gabras (AC 350) Theodore, general,
 
* Gabras (AC 350) Theodore, general,
Line 110: Line 111:
 
* Gregoras (BL 50) Nikephoros, historian, coined the phrase Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned
 
* Gregoras (BL 50) Nikephoros, historian, coined the phrase Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Harmenopoulos (MoL 241) 14c jurist,
 
* Harmenopoulos (MoL 241) 14c jurist,
 
* Himerius (PL 599) protospatharios
 
* Himerius (PL 599) protospatharios
Line 117: Line 118:
 
* Hyrtakenos (BL 56) 14c scholar,
 
* Hyrtakenos (BL 56) 14c scholar,
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Indicopleustes () Cosmas was a trader and writer of an account of a journey to Malabar in 522
 
* Indicopleustes () Cosmas was a trader and writer of an account of a journey to Malabar in 522
 
* Ingerina (PL 574) Eudocia was mistress to Michael III,
 
* Ingerina (PL 574) Eudocia was mistress to Michael III,
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kabasilas (BL 93) Nicholas,
 
* Kabasilas (BL 93) Nicholas,
 
* Kalekas (BL 86) 14c patriarch,
 
* Kalekas (BL 86) 14c patriarch,
Line 132: Line 133:
 
* Kyrdiniates (AC 499) Nicholas, 11c patriarch,
 
* Kyrdiniates (AC 499) Nicholas, 11c patriarch,
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Lagudes (PL 611)
 
* Lagudes (PL 611)
 
* Lampenos (BL 56) Alexios,
 
* Lampenos (BL 56) Alexios,
Line 140: Line 141:
 
* Longibardus (AC 495) John, grammarian,
 
* Longibardus (AC 495) John, grammarian,
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macrembolitissa () Eudocia, Empress 1067-1068
 
* Macrembolitissa () Eudocia, Empress 1067-1068
 
* Macroducas (BM 128) Constantine
 
* Macroducas (BM 128) Constantine
Line 161: Line 162:
 
* Musurus (BL 107) 15c refugee family,
 
* Musurus (BL 107) 15c refugee family,
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Nazianzen (PL 557) Gregory wrotea collection of sermons 11c,
 
* Nazianzen (PL 557) Gregory wrotea collection of sermons 11c,
 
* Nepos (BM 405) Julius
 
* Nepos (BM 405) Julius
Line 170: Line 171:
 
* Notaras (BL 96) Anna Notaras Palaiologina died 1507,
 
* Notaras (BL 96) Anna Notaras Palaiologina died 1507,
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Opsaras (BM 191) John
 
* Opsaras (BM 191) John
 
* Oresme (BM 517) Nicholas, writer
 
* Oresme (BM 517) Nicholas, writer
 
* Ouranus (BM 610) Nicephorus, doux
 
* Ouranus (BM 610) Nicephorus, doux
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Pachymeres (BM 47) George, writer
 
* Pachymeres (BM 47) George, writer
 
* Paidianites (BM 584) Anna
 
* Paidianites (BM 584) Anna
* Pakourianus / Bakouriani (PL 584) great Georgian immigrant family,
+
* Pakourianus, 11c general "born of a noble family in Armenia" (Ana Comnena,The Alexiad, 2003, p.81).
 
* Palaeologus (female Palaeologina) (BM 114) Michael VIII, basilicus 1261-1282
 
* Palaeologus (female Palaeologina) (BM 114) Michael VIII, basilicus 1261-1282
 
* Palamas (BL 68) Gregory, 14c saint,
 
* Palamas (BL 68) Gregory, 14c saint,
Line 203: Line 204:
 
* Pyrrhos (BM 584) Theophanes
 
* Pyrrhos (BM 584) Theophanes
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Rangab () Michael I, basilicus 811-813
 
* Rangab () Michael I, basilicus 811-813
 
* Raoul (fem Raoulaina) (BL 33) Theodora was a nun and scholar 13c, the family was originally Norman
 
* Raoul (fem Raoulaina) (BL 33) Theodora was a nun and scholar 13c, the family was originally Norman
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* Rshtuni (BM 621) Theodore
 
* Rshtuni (BM 621) Theodore
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Sclerus (PL 556) Bardas, general and rival of Basil II,
 
* Sclerus (PL 556) Bardas, general and rival of Basil II,
 
* Scylitzes (BM 103) John
 
* Scylitzes (BM 103) John
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* Symmachus (BM 248) consular family
 
* Symmachus (BM 248) consular family
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Tarchaniotes (AC 299) gen under Alexius I,
 
* Tarchaniotes (AC 299) gen under Alexius I,
 
* Taronites (BM 431) John, sebatos
 
* Taronites (BM 431) John, sebatos
Line 237: Line 238:
 
* Tzourillas (PL 639) John, Bogomile preacher
 
* Tzourillas (PL 639) John, Bogomile preacher
   
====V - X - Z====
+
'''V - Z '''
 
* Vatatzes (BM 129) John III, basilicus 1222-1254
 
* Vatatzes (BM 129) John III, basilicus 1222-1254
 
* Verinus / Verina (BM 491) Aelia wife of Leo I
 
* Verinus / Verina (BM 491) Aelia wife of Leo I
Line 247: Line 248:
 
* Zonaras (PL 562) John was a jurist and commentator on canon law, c9,
 
* Zonaras (PL 562) John was a jurist and commentator on canon law, c9,
 
 
=== Male First Names ===
+
== Male First Names ==
   
  +
'''A '''
====A====
 
 
* Abramius (BP 2)<br>
 
* Abramius (BP 2)<br>
 
* Achmet (PL 564) author<br>
 
* Achmet (PL 564) author<br>
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* Autoreianas (BL 41)<br>
 
* Autoreianas (BL 41)<br>
   
  +
'''B '''
====B====
 
 
* Bacchus / Bakchos (MoL 145) saint, married to St Serge<br>
 
* Bacchus / Bakchos (MoL 145) saint, married to St Serge<br>
 
* Bardas (PL556) founder of Magnaura University, another a rival of Basil II,<br>
 
* Bardas (PL556) founder of Magnaura University, another a rival of Basil II,<br>
Line 289: Line 290:
 
* Bessarion (BP 128) religious name of 15c cleric who became a Latin Cardinal,
 
* Bessarion (BP 128) religious name of 15c cleric who became a Latin Cardinal,
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Caecilianus (BM 331)
 
* Caecilianus (BM 331)
 
* Callinicus (BM 410) patricus
 
* Callinicus (BM 410) patricus
Line 306: Line 307:
 
* Cyril / Cyrillus () Saint and missionary
 
* Cyril / Cyrillus () Saint and missionary
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dabatenus (BM 438) doux
 
* Dabatenus (BM 438) doux
 
* Damian (BL 93) saint
 
* Damian (BL 93) saint
Line 316: Line 317:
 
* Dositheos (BP 129) 15c metropolitan,
 
* Dositheos (BP 129) 15c metropolitan,
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Elias (AC 314)
 
* Elias (AC 314)
 
* Enrico (BM 334) Dandalo, patriarch of Grado
 
* Enrico (BM 334) Dandalo, patriarch of Grado
Line 328: Line 329:
 
* Evaristus (PL 569) monk,
 
* Evaristus (PL 569) monk,
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Falkon (PL 602)
 
* Falkon (PL 602)
 
* Felicianus (BM 380)
 
* Felicianus (BM 380)
Line 334: Line 335:
 
* Frankoulis (BL 99) Servopoulos,
 
* Frankoulis (BL 99) Servopoulos,
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Genesios (PL 602) son of Falkon,
 
* Genesios (PL 602) son of Falkon,
 
* Gennadios (BL 9) Scholarios, patriarch 15c under Ottomans,
 
* Gennadios (BL 9) Scholarios, patriarch 15c under Ottomans,
Line 341: Line 342:
 
* Gregory () nephew Alexius I
 
* Gregory () nephew Alexius I
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Habib (BP 8) monophystite monk
 
* Habib (BP 8) monophystite monk
 
* Heraclius (BM 17) Emperor 610-641
 
* Heraclius (BM 17) Emperor 610-641
Line 349: Line 350:
 
* Hypatius (BP 18), (tb 24) also bishop of Ephesus
 
* Hypatius (BP 18), (tb 24) also bishop of Ephesus
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Iasitas () brother-in-law John II
 
* Iasitas () brother-in-law John II
 
* Isaac (BM 137) several, first is 1057-1059
 
* Isaac (BM 137) several, first is 1057-1059
 
* Isidore (BP 139) 15c heiromonk,
 
* Isidore (BP 139) 15c heiromonk,
   
  +
'''J '''
====J====
 
 
* Jacob (BM 317)
 
* Jacob (BM 317)
 
* Joasaph (BL 78) monastic name of e John VI Cantacuzene
 
* Joasaph (BL 78) monastic name of e John VI Cantacuzene
Line 362: Line 363:
 
* Justinian (BM 7) several, first is 527-565
 
* Justinian (BM 7) several, first is 527-565
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kalamodios (BM 245) 12c money lender
 
* Kalamodios (BM 245) 12c money lender
 
* Karas (AC 409) soldier,
 
* Karas (AC 409) soldier,
Line 371: Line 372:
 
* Ktenas (BM 186) protospathios
 
* Ktenas (BM 186) protospathios
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Leo (BM 175) several, first is 457-474
 
* Leo (BM 175) several, first is 457-474
 
* Leonard (BM 545) of Chios, writer
 
* Leonard (BM 545) of Chios, writer
Line 382: Line 383:
 
* Lysas (BM 277) freedman of Annius Plocamus
 
* Lysas (BM 277) freedman of Annius Plocamus
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macarius (BP 2) saint
 
* Macarius (BP 2) saint
 
* Macedonius (BM 190) patriarch of Constantinople
 
* Macedonius (BM 190) patriarch of Constantinople
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* Mossele (PL 583) Armenian, founded a monastery,
 
* Mossele (PL 583) Armenian, founded a monastery,
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Narses (BM 332)
 
* Narses (BM 332)
 
* Nathaniel (BL 65) monastic name of Nicephoros Choumnas
 
* Nathaniel (BL 65) monastic name of Nicephoros Choumnas
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* Nikephoros (BL 50) Gregoras, historian
 
* Nikephoros (BL 50) Gregoras, historian
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Olympiodorus (BM 192) of Thebes, writer
 
* Olympiodorus (BM 192) of Thebes, writer
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Pachomius (BP 2) saint
 
* Pachomius (BP 2) saint
 
* Palladius (BP 6) chronicler
 
* Palladius (BP 6) chronicler
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* Psidias () 7c poet
 
* Psidias () 7c poet
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Romanus () several, first is 920-944
 
* Romanus () several, first is 920-944
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Sabas (BP 5) saint
 
* Sabas (BP 5) saint
 
* Sabbas (BM 107) Asidenus, 13c sebastokrator
 
* Sabbas (BM 107) Asidenus, 13c sebastokrator
Line 460: Line 461:
 
* Syncletia (BP 2)
 
* Syncletia (BP 2)
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Tarasios (tb 26) 8c patriarch,
 
* Tarasios (tb 26) 8c patriarch,
 
* Taticus (AC 343)
 
* Taticus (AC 343)
Line 475: Line 476:
 
* Tiberius (BM 175) several, II is 578-582
 
* Tiberius (BM 175) several, II is 578-582
   
====V - Z====
+
'''V - Z '''
 
* Victor (BM 317)
 
* Victor (BM 317)
 
* Vitus (BM 245)
 
* Vitus (BM 245)
Line 486: Line 487:
   
 
 
=== Female First Names ===
+
==Female First Names ==
 
Note that female names are much harder to document than male. There was a tendency for women to recorded as wife of, mother of, and even widow of unless they were very prominent in their own right.
 
Note that female names are much harder to document than male. There was a tendency for women to recorded as wife of, mother of, and even widow of unless they were very prominent in their own right.
   
  +
'''A '''
====A====
 
 
* Aelia (BM201) Eudocia, augusta, wife of Theodosius II
 
* Aelia (BM201) Eudocia, augusta, wife of Theodosius II
 
* Anastasia (BL 93) name taken as nun by Anna of Savoy,
 
* Anastasia (BL 93) name taken as nun by Anna of Savoy,
Line 495: Line 496:
 
* Ariadne () wife of Anastasius I
 
* Ariadne () wife of Anastasius I
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
* Danelis (PL 574, MoL 235)
+
* D????? (?? 235)
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Eirene (BL 48) Palaiologina, formerly Yolanda of Montferrat, Empress 1288/9-1317,
 
* Eirene (BL 48) Palaiologina, formerly Yolanda of Montferrat, Empress 1288/9-1317,
 
* Eudocia () wife of Constantine X
 
* Eudocia () wife of Constantine X
Line 506: Line 507:
 
* Euphrosyne (BL 97) daughter of Loukas Notaras,
 
* Euphrosyne (BL 97) daughter of Loukas Notaras,
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Flacilla () wife of Theodosius
 
* Flacilla () wife of Theodosius
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Galla (BM 365) Placidia
 
* Galla (BM 365) Placidia
 
* Gemma (PL 569) widow in Italy
 
* Gemma (PL 569) widow in Italy
 
* Glyceria (PL 583) poor widow,
 
* Glyceria (PL 583) poor widow,
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Helena () mother of Constantine I
 
* Helena () mother of Constantine I
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Irene (BM 80) 780-792
 
* Irene (BM 80) 780-792
   
  +
'''J '''
====J====
 
 
* Juliana (BM 203) Anicia
 
* Juliana (BM 203) Anicia
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kale (PL 600) means Beauty, mother of Saint Thomas,
 
* Kale (PL 600) means Beauty, mother of Saint Thomas,
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Licinia (BM 201) Eudoxia, augusta, wife of Valentinian III
 
* Licinia (BM 201) Eudoxia, augusta, wife of Valentinian III
 
* Loukia (PL 602) 11c,
 
* Loukia (PL 602) 11c,
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macrina (tb 19) sister of Gregory of Nyassa,
 
* Macrina (tb 19) sister of Gregory of Nyassa,
 
* Maria (BL 110) wife of Michael VII, in Serbian, Mara,
 
* Maria (BL 110) wife of Michael VII, in Serbian, Mara,
Line 536: Line 537:
 
* Metrodora (PL 618) author of a medical book for women,
 
* Metrodora (PL 618) author of a medical book for women,
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Olympias (tb 19) follower of John Crysostom,
 
* Olympias (tb 19) follower of John Crysostom,
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Procopia (BM 197) wife of Michael I
 
* Procopia (BM 197) wife of Michael I
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Scleraina (PL 576) famous lover of Constantine IX,
 
* Scleraina (PL 576) famous lover of Constantine IX,
 
* Simonis (BL 5) daughter of Andronikos II,
 
* Simonis (BL 5) daughter of Andronikos II,
Line 548: Line 549:
 
* Styliane (AC 495) feminine of Stylianus,
 
* Styliane (AC 495) feminine of Stylianus,
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Thamar / Ithamar (BL 24) daughter of Despot of Epiros, Princess of Taranto 1294-1309,
 
* Thamar / Ithamar (BL 24) daughter of Despot of Epiros, Princess of Taranto 1294-1309,
 
* Thecla (MoL 239) the Augusta, mistess of Basil I,
 
* Thecla (MoL 239) the Augusta, mistess of Basil I,
 
* Theoctiste (PL 631)
 
* Theoctiste (PL 631)
* Theodora () regent 1055-1056)
+
* Theod regent 1055-1056)
 
* Theodule (BL 4) name chosen as a nun by a Theodora
 
* Theodule (BL 4) name chosen as a nun by a Theodora
 
* Theophanu / Theophano () wife of Romanus II
 
* Theophanu / Theophano () wife of Romanus II
 
* Thomas (PL 572) Saint,
 
* Thomas (PL 572) Saint,
   
====V - Z====
+
'''V - Z '''
 
* Verina (BP 18) 7c Empress
 
* Verina (BP 18) 7c Empress
 
* Zampea (BL 84) originally Isabella, lady-in-waiting to Anna of Savoy,
 
* Zampea (BL 84) originally Isabella, lady-in-waiting to Anna of Savoy,
 
* Zo (BM 226) regent 1028-50)
 
* Zo (BM 226) regent 1028-50)
   
  +
==Castles, Villages, Towns and Cities ==
 
=== Castles, Villages, Towns and Cities ===
 
 
A place name could be used as a surname, thus John Damascene is also John of Damascus
 
A place name could be used as a surname, thus John Damascene is also John of Damascus
   
  +
'''A '''
====A====
 
 
* Abydos (AC 437) town,
 
* Abydos (AC 437) town,
 
* Achaia (BM 57)
 
* Achaia (BM 57)
Line 640: Line 640:
 
* Avlona (AC 310) Dalmatian town
 
* Avlona (AC 310) Dalmatian town
   
  +
'''B '''
====B====
 
 
* Bacchenus (AC 386) village,
 
* Bacchenus (AC 386) village,
 
* Backovo / Batzokova (PL 584) now in Bulgaria = Bachkovo
 
* Backovo / Batzokova (PL 584) now in Bulgaria = Bachkovo
Line 662: Line 662:
 
* Byzacena (BM289)
 
* Byzacena (BM289)
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Caballa (BM 126) probably = Gevele Da&#287;
 
* Caballa (BM 126) probably = Gevele Da&#287;
 
* Caesarea (M 9) city in Charsianon = Kayseri
 
* Caesarea (M 9) city in Charsianon = Kayseri
Line 715: Line 715:
 
* Cyzicus (BP 16) city near Nicea,
 
* Cyzicus (BP 16) city near Nicea,
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dadybra (BM 112) = Iskilip
 
* Dadybra (BM 112) = Iskilip
 
* Damascus (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Dimashk
 
* Damascus (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Dimashk
Line 740: Line 740:
 
* Dyrrachium / Epidamnos, AC 310, Dalmatian town in theme of same name, M 9) = * * Drres
 
* Dyrrachium / Epidamnos, AC 310, Dalmatian town in theme of same name, M 9) = * * Drres
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Edessa (BM 79) in Macedonia
 
* Edessa (BM 79) in Macedonia
 
* Edessa (M 9) city on River Skirtos in Mesopotamia = Urfa
 
* Edessa (M 9) city on River Skirtos in Mesopotamia = Urfa
Line 754: Line 754:
 
* Ezerum (BM 83)
 
* Ezerum (BM 83)
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Faustinopolis (BM 73)
 
* Faustinopolis (BM 73)
 
* Finica (BM 112) = Finike
 
* Finica (BM 112) = Finike
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Gabala (AC 365) port in Cilicia
 
* Gabala (AC 365) port in Cilicia
 
* Gata (BM 126) = Akait
 
* Gata (BM 126) = Akait
Line 772: Line 772:
 
* Graos Gala (BM 130)
 
* Graos Gala (BM 130)
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Halmyros / Armiro (BM 52) = Almiros
 
* Halmyros / Armiro (BM 52) = Almiros
 
* Hebraike / Heraclea (AC 342) town
 
* Hebraike / Heraclea (AC 342) town
Line 788: Line 788:
 
* Honorias (BM 98)
 
* Honorias (BM 98)
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Iantium (BM 385) = Meaux
 
* Iantium (BM 385) = Meaux
 
* Iconium (M 9) city in Anatolic = Konya
 
* Iconium (M 9) city in Anatolic = Konya
Line 799: Line 799:
 
* Iviropoulos (BP 94)
 
* Iviropoulos (BP 94)
   
  +
'''J '''
====J====
 
 
* Jerusalem (BM 201)
 
* Jerusalem (BM 201)
 
* Justinianopolis (BP 16) city
 
* Justinianopolis (BP 16) city
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kallioupolis (BL 71) = Gelibolu now known as Gallipoli, port in Thrace,
 
* Kallioupolis (BL 71) = Gelibolu now known as Gallipoli, port in Thrace,
 
* Kabalion (AC 315) Dalmatian town
 
* Kabalion (AC 315) Dalmatian town
Line 822: Line 822:
 
* Krisis / Krisei (BL 40) suburb of Constaninople,
 
* Krisis / Krisei (BL 40) suburb of Constaninople,
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Laodicea (AC 348) town in Mesopotamia
 
* Laodicea (AC 348) town in Mesopotamia
 
* Lacerium (BM 42) = Dazk&#305;r&#305; / Baklan Ovas&#305; (no dots)
 
* Lacerium (BM 42) = Dazk&#305;r&#305; / Baklan Ovas&#305; (no dots)
Line 850: Line 850:
 
* Lykandos (BM 55)
 
* Lykandos (BM 55)
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macre (BM 83) in Lycia = Fethiye
 
* Macre (BM 83) in Lycia = Fethiye
 
* Macre (BM 83) in Thrace
 
* Macre (BM 83) in Thrace
Line 891: Line 891:
 
* Myriokephalon (BP 110) = Tzybritze / Tzibrelitzemani / Cybrilcymani
 
* Myriokephalon (BP 110) = Tzybritze / Tzibrelitzemani / Cybrilcymani
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Nacolia (BM 140) = Seyitgazi
 
* Nacolia (BM 140) = Seyitgazi
 
* Naissus / Nit (BM 37) = Ni
 
* Naissus / Nit (BM 37) = Ni
Line 908: Line 908:
 
* Nymphaeon (AC 438) city = Nif / Kemalpa&#351;a
 
* Nymphaeon (AC 438) city = Nif / Kemalpa&#351;a
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Ochrida / Achrida / Lucretia (BM 36) = Okhrid
 
* Ochrida / Achrida / Lucretia (BM 36) = Okhrid
 
* Oenaeum (BM 133) = nye
 
* Oenaeum (BM 133) = nye
Line 918: Line 918:
 
* Oxyrhynchus (BM 347)
 
* Oxyrhynchus (BM 347)
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Paipert (AC 350) town
 
* Paipert (AC 350) town
 
* Pales (AC 314)
 
* Pales (AC 314)
Line 971: Line 971:
 
* Pylae (BM 49)
 
* Pylae (BM 49)
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Raetia Secunda (BM 384)
 
* Raetia Secunda (BM 384)
 
* Ragusa (M 8) town in Dalmatia,
 
* Ragusa (M 8) town in Dalmatia,
Line 982: Line 982:
 
* Rousia / Rusa (BM 35) probably Ke&#351;an
 
* Rousia / Rusa (BM 35) probably Ke&#351;an
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Sagaudaous (AC 474) village near Nicodemia,
 
* Sagaudaous (AC 474) village near Nicodemia,
 
* Salamis (M 9) town in Cyprus
 
* Salamis (M 9) town in Cyprus
Line 1,041: Line 1,041:
 
* Syracuse (M 8) town in Calabria
 
* Syracuse (M 8) town in Calabria
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Tadmor (M 9)
 
* Tadmor (M 9)
 
* Taik (BM 212)
 
* Taik (BM 212)
Line 1,076: Line 1,076:
 
* Tzykanisterin (AC 510)
 
* Tzykanisterin (AC 510)
   
====U - Z====
+
'''U - Z'''==
 
* Usuze (BM 79)
 
* Usuze (BM 79)
 
* Varna (BM 46)
 
* Varna (BM 46)
Line 1,093: Line 1,093:
 
* Zetunium (BM 37)
 
* Zetunium (BM 37)
 
 
=== Themes, Districts etc ===
+
== Themes, Districts etc ==
   
  +
'''A '''
====A====
 
 
* Aegean (M 9) = Insulae, 10c theme,
 
* Aegean (M 9) = Insulae, 10c theme,
 
* Aegyptos (BM 170) diocese
 
* Aegyptos (BM 170) diocese
Line 1,107: Line 1,107:
 
* Arabia (BM 178) province
 
* Arabia (BM 178) province
 
* Armenia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes divided into Armenia Prima, Secunda, Tertia
 
* Armenia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes divided into Armenia Prima, Secunda, Tertia
  +
* Armeniac or Armeniakon (WI 667) theme in Asia
 
* Asia (BM 57), theme
 
* Asia (BM 57), theme
   
  +
'''B '''
====B====
 
 
* Balaneus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
 
* Balaneus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
 
* Bithynia (AC 307) province
 
* Bithynia (AC 307) province
Line 1,116: Line 1,117:
 
* Bulgaria (BM 35) theme and kingdom
 
* Bulgaria (BM 35) theme and kingdom
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Calabria (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
 
* Calabria (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
 
* Cappadocia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes Cappadocia Prima and Secunda.
 
* Cappadocia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes Cappadocia Prima and Secunda.
Line 1,131: Line 1,132:
 
* Cyprus / Cipri (M 9) 10c theme,
 
* Cyprus / Cipri (M 9) 10c theme,
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dacia (BM 168) diocese
 
* Dacia (BM 168) diocese
 
* Dyrrhachium / Dyrrhakion (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
* Dyrrhachium / Dyrrhakion (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* East (BM 168) prefecture
 
* East (BM 168) prefecture
 
* Epiros (Greek Despotate)
 
* Epiros (Greek Despotate)
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Gabala (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
 
* Gabala (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
 
* Galatia (BM 54) sometimes Galatia Prima and Secunda
 
* Galatia (BM 54) sometimes Galatia Prima and Secunda
 
* Galliae (BM 289) diocese
 
* Galliae (BM 289) diocese
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Halys (BM 609) river = K&#305;z&#305;hrmak
 
* Halys (BM 609) river = K&#305;z&#305;hrmak
 
* Hellas (M 9) theme in Europe,
 
* Hellas (M 9) theme in Europe,
 
* Hellaspontus (BM 57) apotheke
 
* Hellaspontus (BM 57) apotheke
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
  +
* Iberia or the "theme of Iberia and Armenia" (ER 11 c.) in Asia
 
* Iconium (AC 487) province,
 
* Iconium (AC 487) province,
 
* Illyricum (AC 379) province / prefecture,
 
* Illyricum (AC 379) province / prefecture,
Line 1,155: Line 1,157:
 
* Italia (BM 167) prefecture
 
* Italia (BM 167) prefecture
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kappadokia (BM 100) theme
 
* Kappadokia (BM 100) theme
 
* Kathismatin (AC 431) district,
 
* Kathismatin (AC 431) district,
Line 1,166: Line 1,168:
 
* Koele-Syria (AC 430) province,
 
* Koele-Syria (AC 430) province,
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Lapara (AC 431) theme,
 
* Lapara (AC 431) theme,
 
* Limnii (AC 431) theme,
 
* Limnii (AC 431) theme,
Line 1,175: Line 1,177:
 
* Lykandos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
* Lykandos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Macedonia / Makedonia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
* Macedonia / Makedonia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
* Marakes (AC 353) district
 
* Marakes (AC 353) district
Line 1,184: Line 1,186:
 
* Moesiae (BM 373) district and diocese
 
* Moesiae (BM 373) district and diocese
   
  +
''' '''
====N====
 
 
* Neokastra (BM 131) theme
 
* Neokastra (BM 131) theme
 
* Nicopolis (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
* Nicopolis (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Ohrid (or Ochrida) (PL 629, BL 46) Bulgarian bishopric
 
* Ohrid (or Ochrida) (PL 629, BL 46) Bulgarian bishopric
 
* Opsikion (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
* Opsikion (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Line 1,194: Line 1,196:
 
* Oriens (180) diocese
 
* Oriens (180) diocese
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Pagras (AC 430) military district,
 
* Pagras (AC 430) military district,
 
* Palaestina Prima (BM 179) district
 
* Palaestina Prima (BM 179) district
Line 1,207: Line 1,209:
 
* Pontica (BM 163) diocese / theme
 
* Pontica (BM 163) diocese / theme
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
R(h)omania (BM 51) district
 
R(h)omania (BM 51) district
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Samos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
* Samos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
* Scutari (AC 306) district near Adriatic,
 
* Scutari (AC 306) district near Adriatic,
Line 1,222: Line 1,224:
 
* St Symeon, (M 9) 10c port of Antioch Strymon theme in Europe,
 
* St Symeon, (M 9) 10c port of Antioch Strymon theme in Europe,
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Thrace (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
* Thrace (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
 
* Thracesian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
 
* Thracesian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
Line 1,231: Line 1,233:
 
* Tres Provinciae (BM 329) Sicily, Sardina and Corsica
 
* Tres Provinciae (BM 329) Sicily, Sardina and Corsica
   
====V - Z====
+
'''V - Z '''
 
* Valania (district AC 353)
 
* Valania (district AC 353)
 
* Voleron (BM 159) theme
 
* Voleron (BM 159) theme
 
* Xerolophos (BL 63) hill and area in Constantinople,
 
* Xerolophos (BL 63) hill and area in Constantinople,
 
* Zoume (AC 431) theme,
 
* Zoume (AC 431) theme,
 
=== Geographical Features ===
 
   
  +
==Geographical Features ==
====A====
 
  +
  +
'''A '''
 
* Aegina (PL 593) island,
 
* Aegina (PL 593) island,
 
* Akheloos (BM 61) river
 
* Akheloos (BM 61) river
Line 1,245: Line 1,247:
 
* Azala (AC 341), hill near Nicea
 
* Azala (AC 341), hill near Nicea
   
  +
'''B '''
====B====
 
 
* Baake (AC 307) lake near Philippopolis,
 
* Baake (AC 307) lake near Philippopolis,
 
* Balearic Islands (BM 399)
 
* Balearic Islands (BM 399)
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Caster (BM 62) = Kk Menderes
 
* Caster (BM 62) = Kk Menderes
 
* Cephalonia /Cephallenia (BL 18) Adriatic island
 
* Cephalonia /Cephallenia (BL 18) Adriatic island
Line 1,260: Line 1,262:
 
* Cyprus / Cipri (BM 51) island
 
* Cyprus / Cipri (BM 51) island
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dibolis (AC 399) river in Dalmatia,
 
* Dibolis (AC 399) river in Dalmatia,
 
* Dorylaeum (AC 341) plain near Nicea
 
* Dorylaeum (AC 341) plain near Nicea
Line 1,267: Line 1,269:
 
* Drymon (AC 393) river in Dalmatia
 
* Drymon (AC 393) river in Dalmatia
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Echinadian (BM 61) islands
 
* Echinadian (BM 61) islands
 
* Elissos (AC 393) river in Dalmatia,
 
* Elissos (AC 393) river in Dalmatia,
Line 1,273: Line 1,275:
 
* Euxine Sea (Black Sea)
 
* Euxine Sea (Black Sea)
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
 
* Forty Martyrs (BM 124) lake = Ak&#351;ehir Gl
 
* Forty Martyrs (BM 124) lake = Ak&#351;ehir Gl
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
 
* Halys (AC 356) river near Ancyra (see book for Turk)
 
* Halys (AC 356) river near Ancyra (see book for Turk)
   
  +
'''I '''
====I====
 
 
* Iberon (BM 210) island
 
* Iberon (BM 210) island
 
* Indus (BM 122) river = Dalaman ayi (no dot)
 
* Indus (BM 122) river = Dalaman ayi (no dot)
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Kephalonia (AC 360) island?
 
* Kephalonia (AC 360) island?
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Lavros (BM 201) island
 
* Lavros (BM 201) island
 
* Lemnos (BM 57) island
 
* Lemnos (BM 57) island
Line 1,293: Line 1,295:
 
* Lychnis (AC 393) lake in Dalmatia,
 
* Lychnis (AC 393) lake in Dalmatia,
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Meander / Maeandros / Maeander (PL 561) river = Byk Menderes
 
* Meander / Maeandros / Maeander (PL 561) river = Byk Menderes
 
* Melas (BM 66) river
 
* Melas (BM 66) river
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Nestos (BM 645) river
 
* Nestos (BM 645) river
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Onopniktes (BM 64) river (Parmenios?)
 
* Onopniktes (BM 64) river (Parmenios?)
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Patara (AC 361) island
 
* Patara (AC 361) island
 
* Peneios (BM 64) river
 
* Peneios (BM 64) river
 
* Petra (AC 409) mountain pass in Dalmatia,
 
* Petra (AC 409) mountain pass in Dalmatia,
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Rekhios (BM 64) river (possibly = Vardar)
 
* Rekhios (BM 64) river (possibly = Vardar)
 
* Rhodes / Rhodi (M 9) island in Cibyrrhaeot,
 
* Rhodes / Rhodi (M 9) island in Cibyrrhaeot,
 
* Rhodope (BM 645) province
 
* Rhodope (BM 645) province
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Samos (AC 361) Aegean island,
 
* Samos (AC 361) Aegean island,
 
* Sangaris / Sangarios (AC 307) river in Bithynia = Sakarya
 
* Sangaris / Sangarios (AC 307) river in Bithynia = Sakarya
Line 1,323: Line 1,325:
 
* Strymon (BM 83) river
 
* Strymon (BM 83) river
   
====T - Z====
+
'''T - Z '''
 
* Taurocomas (AC 305) mountains
 
* Taurocomas (AC 305) mountains
 
* Tenedos (BL 78) island off Thrace,
 
* Tenedos (BL 78) island off Thrace,
Line 1,330: Line 1,332:
 
* Zacynthos (AC 360) island?
 
* Zacynthos (AC 360) island?
 
 
=== Imperial Institutions, Offices and Ranks ===
+
== Imperial Institutions, Offices and Ranks ==
   
  +
'''A '''
====A====
 
 
* Ab actis (BM 181)
 
* Ab actis (BM 181)
 
* Adiutores (BM 181): aide, assistant, secretary
 
* Adiutores (BM 181): aide, assistant, secretary
Line 1,343: Line 1,345:
 
* Apokrisiaros / apocrisiarius (BM 351): secretary
 
* Apokrisiaros / apocrisiarius (BM 351): secretary
 
* Apoth&#275;karios/ apothecarious (BM 242): keeper of a storehouse
 
* Apoth&#275;karios/ apothecarious (BM 242): keeper of a storehouse
* Apoth&#275;k&#275;
+
* Apoth&#275;k&#275; � t&#333;n basilik&#333;n kommerki&#333;n (BM 626)
 
* Apparitor (BM 187): public servant
 
* Apparitor (BM 187): public servant
 
* Argyros (BM 197) tou bestiou / t&#333;n stephan&#333;n (BM 276)
 
* Argyros (BM 197) tou bestiou / t&#333;n stephan&#333;n (BM 276)
* Arhh&#333;n
+
* Arhh&#333;n � t&#275;s kharag&#275;s (BM 412)
 
* Armamentum / on (BM 331)
 
* Armamentum / on (BM 331)
 
* Assessor (BM 178): judge
 
* Assessor (BM 178): judge
 
* Aurifices (BM 389): goldworker
 
* Aurifices (BM 389): goldworker
   
  +
'''B '''
====B====
 
 
* Balnit&#333;r (BM 656): bath attendant
 
* Balnit&#333;r (BM 656): bath attendant
* Blattion (BM 630): purple dye maker (?) literally
+
* Blattion (BM 630): purple dye maker (?) literally �purplish�
 
* Bouleut&#275;s (BM 190):
 
* Bouleut&#275;s (BM 190):
   
  +
'''C '''
====C====
 
 
* Caesar / kaisar (BM 164): heir to the throne
 
* Caesar / kaisar (BM 164): heir to the throne
 
* Cancellarius (BM 165): councillor, adviser
 
* Cancellarius (BM 165): councillor, adviser
* Castrensis
+
* Castrensis � sacri palatii (BM 203): soldier in the camp
 
* Chartularius (BM 181): keeper of the archives of the court
 
* Chartularius (BM 181): keeper of the archives of the court
 
* Chartophylax (MoL 241), archivist
 
* Chartophylax (MoL 241), archivist
Line 1,365: Line 1,367:
 
* Clarissimus (BM 244): distinguished public figure (senator etc)
 
* Clarissimus (BM 244): distinguished public figure (senator etc)
 
* Collator (BM 332): one who contributes to the state
 
* Collator (BM 332): one who contributes to the state
* Comes / kom&#275;s (BM 178): literally
+
* Comes / kom&#275;s (BM 178): literally �companion�, lower rank of nobles
  +
* Comes � domesticorum (BM 187): �companion of the house�
* Comes domesticorum (BM 187): companion of the house
 
* Comes
+
* Comes � domorum (BM 179)
  +
* Comes � sacri patrimonii per Italium (BM 404)
* Comes sacri patrimonii per Italium (BM 404)
 
* Comitatus (BM 388): literally
+
* Comitatus (BM 388): literally �escort� or �companion�
 
* Comitiva / comes sacrarum largitionum (BM 187): chief officer
 
* Comitiva / comes sacrarum largitionum (BM 187): chief officer
 
* Conductor (BM 332): one who hires, farmer
 
* Conductor (BM 332): one who hires, farmer
Line 1,376: Line 1,378:
 
* Consularis (BM 165): consul or former consul (highest ruling magistrate)
 
* Consularis (BM 165): consul or former consul (highest ruling magistrate)
 
* Cubicularius / koubikoularios (BM 227): chamber servant
 
* Cubicularius / koubikoularios (BM 227): chamber servant
  +
* Cubiculum � sacrum (BM 333): chamber servant of a holy place
* Cubiculum sacrum (BM 333): chamber servant of a holy place
 
 
* Curator thesauri (BM 411): keeper of the store or treasure
 
* Curator thesauri (BM 411): keeper of the store or treasure
 
* Curiosus (BM 608): spy or scout
 
* Curiosus (BM 608): spy or scout
Line 1,383: Line 1,385:
 
* Cursus velox (BM 295) = oxys dromos
 
* Cursus velox (BM 295) = oxys dromos
   
  +
'''D '''
====D====
 
 
* Dekharkh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
* Dekharkh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
* Despot&#275;s (BM 164): despot or master
 
* Despot&#275;s (BM 164): despot or master
 
* Devotus / devotissimus (BM 243): faithful or follower
 
* Devotus / devotissimus (BM 243): faithful or follower
 
* Dioiket&#275;s (BM 414)
 
* Dioiket&#275;s (BM 414)
* Domestici / domestikoi
+
* Domestici / domestikoi � presentales (BM 187)
 
* Domestikoi (BM 433)
 
* Domestikoi (BM 433)
* Domestikos
+
* Domestikos � t&#275;s hypourgias (BM 305)
* Domestikos
+
* Domestikos � t&#333;n optimat&#333;n (BM 312)
 
* Domestikos - t&#333;n skhol&#333;n (BM 104)
 
* Domestikos - t&#333;n skhol&#333;n (BM 104)
* Domus Divina
+
* Domus Divina � per Cappadocium (BM 55)
 
* Droungarios (BM 182), Admiral
 
* Droungarios (BM 182), Admiral
 
* Droungarios - t&#333;n plo&#970;m&#333;n (BM 184)
 
* Droungarios - t&#333;n plo&#970;m&#333;n (BM 184)
Line 1,400: Line 1,402:
 
* Dux et Augustalis (BM 170): commander and emperor
 
* Dux et Augustalis (BM 170): commander and emperor
   
  +
'''E '''
====E====
 
 
* Eidikon / isikon / eidikos (BM 192): general
 
* Eidikon / isikon / eidikos (BM 192): general
 
* Episkepsis (BM 58): injuction or denunciation
 
* Episkepsis (BM 58): injuction or denunciation
Line 1,407: Line 1,409:
 
* Eudokimotatos (BM 244)
 
* Eudokimotatos (BM 244)
 
* Exarkhos / exarchus (BM 407): leader, chief or commander
 
* Exarkhos / exarchus (BM 407): leader, chief or commander
* Exceptor (BM 181): scribe, literally
+
* Exceptor (BM 181): scribe, literally �one who catches up�
 
* Excubitores / exkoubitores (BM 622): sentinels or watchmen
 
* Excubitores / exkoubitores (BM 622): sentinels or watchmen
 
* Exercitus (BM 423): army
 
* Exercitus (BM 423): army
 
* Exis&#333;t&#275;s (BM 414)
 
* Exis&#333;t&#275;s (BM 414)
   
  +
'''F '''
====F====
 
* Fabrica / phabrix (BM 416): workshop of artisan
+
* Fabrica / phabrix (BM 416): [[workshop]] of artisan
   
  +
'''G '''
====G====
 
 
* Genikon (BM 410): belonging to the race or tribe
 
* Genikon (BM 410): belonging to the race or tribe
 
* Grammaticus (AC 495), grammarian
 
* Grammaticus (AC 495), grammarian
* Gynaecium (BM 560), women
+
* Gynaecium (BM 560), women�s quarters
   
  +
'''H '''
====H====
 
* Hetaireia
+
* Hetaireia � megal&#275; (BM 186): comrade
 
* Honestus (BM 244): honoured or distinguished
 
* Honestus (BM 244): honoured or distinguished
 
* Hypatos (BM 185): highest
 
* Hypatos (BM 185): highest
 
* Hyperarithmoi (BM 186): supernumerary
 
* Hyperarithmoi (BM 186): supernumerary
* Hypeourgia
+
* Hypeourgia � basilik&#275; (BM )
   
  +
'''K '''
====K====
 
 
* Katholikos (BM 377): supervisor of accounts
 
* Katholikos (BM 377): supervisor of accounts
* Kellarios
+
* Kellarios � oikeiakos basilikos (BM 305)
 
* Kentarkhos (BM 182)
 
* Kentarkhos (BM 182)
* Khartoularios
+
* Khartoularios � t&#333;n arkl&#333;n (BM )
* Khartoularios
+
* Khartoularios � tou sakellion (BM 318)
* Khartoularios
+
* Khartoularios � tou stablou (BM 312)
* Khartoularios
+
* Khartoularios � tou thematos (BM 414)
 
* Khartoularios tou vestiariou (BM 410)
 
* Khartoularios tou vestiariou (BM 410)
 
* Khazaroi (BM 186): pertaining to the Khazars
 
* Khazaroi (BM 186): pertaining to the Khazars
Line 1,445: Line 1,447:
 
* Kleisoura (BM 183): narrow pass
 
* Kleisoura (BM 183): narrow pass
 
* Kleisourarkh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
* Kleisourarkh&#275;s (BM 182)
  +
* Koit&#333;n � basilikos (BM 160): chamberlain possibly �of the king�
* Koit&#333;n basilikos (BM 160): chamberlain possibly of the king
 
 
* Koit&#333;nit&#275;s (BM 191)
 
* Koit&#333;nit&#275;s (BM 191)
 
* Kommerkiaros (BM 592)
 
* Kommerkiaros (BM 592)
* Komes
+
* Komes � tou stablou (BM 312)
* Kort&#275;
+
* Kort&#275; � basilik&#275; (BM 272)
 
* Kourat&#333;reion (BM 104): curator
 
* Kourat&#333;reion (BM 104): curator
 
* Kouropalat&#275;s (BM 185)
 
* Kouropalat&#275;s (BM 185)
* Krit&#275;s
+
* Krit&#275;s � thematos (BM 430) = prait&#333;r
   
  +
'''L '''
====L====
 
 
* Lamprotatos (BM 244)
 
* Lamprotatos (BM 244)
 
* Largitionales (BM 387): treasury officers
 
* Largitionales (BM 387): treasury officers
 
* Limitanei (BM 166)
 
* Limitanei (BM 166)
* Logothet&#275;s
+
* Logothet&#275;s � t&#333;n agel&#333;n (BM )
* Logothet&#275;s
+
* Logothet&#275;s � tou dromou (BM 220)
* Logothet&#275;s
+
* Logothet&#275;s � tou genikou (BM 410)
* Logothet&#275;s
+
* Logothet&#275;s � tou strati&#333;tikou (BM 410)
   
  +
'''M '''
====M====
 
 
* Magister militum (BM 165) = strat&#275;goi: master of war or general
 
* Magister militum (BM 165) = strat&#275;goi: master of war or general
 
* Magister officiorum (BM 388): master of the workplace (?)
 
* Magister officiorum (BM 388): master of the workplace (?)
* Magister (rationalis)
+
* Magister (rationalis) � rei privatae (BM 377)
 
* Magistros (BM 185): master
 
* Magistros (BM 185): master
 
* Manglavit&#275;s (BM 191): bath slave (?)
 
* Manglavit&#275;s (BM 191): bath slave (?)
Line 1,486: Line 1,488:
 
* Monetarius (BM 326): master of the mint
 
* Monetarius (BM 326): master of the mint
   
  +
'''N '''
====N====
 
 
* Numerarius (BM 166): keeper of accounts
 
* Numerarius (BM 166): keeper of accounts
   
  +
'''O '''
====O====
 
 
* Osequium (BM 621) = opsikion
 
* Osequium (BM 621) = opsikion
 
* Officium / offikion (BM 165), office staff
 
* Officium / offikion (BM 165), office staff
 
* Oikeiak&#333;n, epi t&#333;n (BM 434)
 
* Oikeiak&#333;n, epi t&#333;n (BM 434)
* Opifices
+
* Opifices � monetae (BM 321): makers of money
 
* Orphanotrophos (BM 297): bringer up of orphans
 
* Orphanotrophos (BM 297): bringer up of orphans
   
  +
'''P '''
====P====
 
 
* Palatinus /i (BM 388): person or people of the Palatine
 
* Palatinus /i (BM 388): person or people of the Palatine
 
* Parakoim&#333;memos (BM 104): guard
 
* Parakoim&#333;memos (BM 104): guard
Line 1,504: Line 1,506:
 
* Phylax (BM 310): sentinel, watcher
 
* Phylax (BM 310): sentinel, watcher
 
* Praefectura /us (BM 165): pefect or president
 
* Praefectura /us (BM 165): pefect or president
* Praefectus
+
* Praefectus � Augustalis (BM 179): prefect of Augustus
* Praefectus
+
* Praefectus � urbi(s) (BM 194): prefect of the city
  +
* Praefectus � vigilum (BM 180): prefect of the virgiles (city police)
* Praefectus vigilum (BM 180): prefect of the virgiles (city police)
 
 
* Praepositus (BM 459): overseer
 
* Praepositus (BM 459): overseer
  +
* Praepositus � sacri cubiculi (BM 179): overseer of the sacred chamber
* Praepositus sacri cubiculi (BM 179): overseer of the sacred chamber
 
  +
* Praepositus � (sacrorum) thesaurorum (BM 345): overseer of the treasure
* Praepositus (sacrorum) thesaurorum (BM 345): overseer of the treasure
 
 
* Praeses (BM 165): guardian, defender
 
* Praeses (BM 165): guardian, defender
 
* Praetor / prait&#333;r (BM 178): head, leader or chief
 
* Praetor / prait&#333;r (BM 178): head, leader or chief
Line 1,515: Line 1,517:
 
* Prakt&#333;r (BM 99)
 
* Prakt&#333;r (BM 99)
 
* Primicerius (BM 166): first or chief
 
* Primicerius (BM 166): first or chief
* Primik&#275;rios
+
* Primik&#275;rios � tou (oikeiakou) vestiariou (BM 440)
* Prokath&#275;menos
+
* Prokath&#275;menos � tou vestiariou (BM 440)
 
* Proconsul (BM 178): one who, at the end of his consulship, becomes a governor of a province
 
* Proconsul (BM 178): one who, at the end of his consulship, becomes a governor of a province
* Procurator
+
* Procurator � monetae (BM 316): manager of the money
 
* Proedros (BM 185): priviledged one (eg gets front seats in theatre etc)
 
* Proedros (BM 185): priviledged one (eg gets front seats in theatre etc)
 
* Prosecutores (BM 387): attendant, companion
 
* Prosecutores (BM 387): attendant, companion
 
* Protectores / protiktores (BM 622): bodyguards
 
* Protectores / protiktores (BM 622): bodyguards
 
* Pr&#333;tokarabos (BM 191)
 
* Pr&#333;tokarabos (BM 191)
* Pr&#333;tonotarios
+
* Pr&#333;tonotarios � tou thematos (BM 305)
 
* Pr&#333;toproedros (BM 58)
 
* Pr&#333;toproedros (BM 58)
 
* Pr&#333;topatharaton (BM 186)
 
* Pr&#333;topatharaton (BM 186)
 
* Pr&#333;tospatharios (BM 185)
 
* Pr&#333;tospatharios (BM 185)
 
* Pr&#333;tostrat&#333;r (BM 259)
 
* Pr&#333;tostrat&#333;r (BM 259)
  +
* Protostratotius (�chief equerry�, Basil I held this position for Michael III before their marriage, MoL 234)
* Protostratotius (chief equerry, Basil I held this position for Michael III before their marriage, MoL 234)
 
 
* Pr&#333;tovestariarios (BM 192)
 
* Pr&#333;tovestariarios (BM 192)
   
  +
'''Q '''
====Q====
 
* Quasestor
+
* Quasestor � sacri palatii (BM 404)
 
* Quaestura / quastor exercitus (BM 104): the office of magistrate
 
* Quaestura / quastor exercitus (BM 104): the office of magistrate
   
  +
'''R '''
====R====
 
 
* Rationalis (BM 381): treasurer
 
* Rationalis (BM 381): treasurer
  +
* Rationalis � rei summae (BM 329): literally �treasurer of high things�
* Rationalis rei summae (BM 329): literally treasurer of high things
 
 
* Rhaikt&#333;r (BM 184)
 
* Rhaikt&#333;r (BM 184)
   
  +
'''S '''
====S====
 
 
* Sabastos (BM 89): quarrier of gravel or rock (?)
 
* Sabastos (BM 89): quarrier of gravel or rock (?)
* Sakellion / sakellarios (BM 192):
+
* Sakellion / sakellarios (BM 192): �shieldlet�
 
* Scalptores (BM 389): carver
 
* Scalptores (BM 389): carver
 
* Scholae / Skholai (BM 186): school, disciples
 
* Scholae / Skholai (BM 186): school, disciples
Line 1,550: Line 1,552:
 
* Sebastokrat&#333;r (BM 89): august person
 
* Sebastokrat&#333;r (BM 89): august person
 
* Sekreta (BM 410)
 
* Sekreta (BM 410)
* Semissalis (BM 166): literally
+
* Semissalis (BM 166): literally �half another� (???)
* Sk&#275;n&#275;
+
* Sk&#275;n&#275; � basilik&#275; (BM 272)
 
* Spatharios (BM 185): swordsman (?)
 
* Spatharios (BM 185): swordsman (?)
 
* Spatharokandidatos (BM 185): trainee swordsman (?)
 
* Spatharokandidatos (BM 185): trainee swordsman (?)
* Spectabilis (BM 180): literally
+
* Spectabilis (BM 180): literally �spectacle�, a title for high officers
 
* Stathmos (BM 99): quarters, lodging, station
 
* Stathmos (BM 99): quarters, lodging, station
 
* Statio (BM 331): post or station
 
* Statio (BM 331): post or station
Line 1,562: Line 1,564:
 
* Strati&#333;tikon (BM 410)
 
* Strati&#333;tikon (BM 410)
 
* Stratopedarkhein / startopedarkh&#275;s (BM 133): military commander
 
* Stratopedarkhein / startopedarkh&#275;s (BM 133): military commander
* Susceptor (BM 331): contractor or collector of taxes
+
* Susceptor (BM 331): contractor or collector of taxes � tax farmer
   
  +
'''T '''
====T====
 
 
* Tagmata (BM 130): leader of a brigade of soldiers
 
* Tagmata (BM 130): leader of a brigade of soldiers
  +
* Tamieion � basilikon / koinon (BM 131): servant or steward of �
* Tamieion basilikon / koinon (BM 131): servant or steward of
 
 
* Tourmakh&#275;s (BM 182)
 
* Tourmakh&#275;s (BM 182)
  +
* Trapeza � basilik&#275; (BM 186): table of the �
* Trapeza basilik&#275; (BM 186): table of the
 
  +
* Trapeza � genik&#275; (BM 411) table of the �
* Trapeza genik&#275; (BM 411) table of the
 
  +
* Trapeza � idik&#275; (BM 411) table of the �
* Trapeza idik&#275; (BM 411) table of the
 
 
* Tribunus et notarius (BM 187): tribunes (captains) and clerks
 
* Tribunus et notarius (BM 187): tribunes (captains) and clerks
 
* Turma /tourma (BM 193): troop or squadron
 
* Turma /tourma (BM 193): troop or squadron
   
====V - Z====
+
'''v - Z '''
 
* Vestarkh&#275;s (BM 185)
 
* Vestarkh&#275;s (BM 185)
 
* Vest&#275;s (BM 185)
 
* Vest&#275;s (BM 185)
 
* Vestiaritai (BM 433): clothiers (?)
 
* Vestiaritai (BM 433): clothiers (?)
 
* Vestiarium / ion (BM 197) = basiliki&#275; koinon tamiseion
 
* Vestiarium / ion (BM 197) = basiliki&#275; koinon tamiseion
* Vestiarion
+
* Vestiarion � oikeiakon basilikou (BM 197)
 
* Vicarius (BM 178): underservant or underslave
 
* Vicarius (BM 178): underservant or underslave
 
* Xenodokheion (BM 134): place for strangers to lodge
 
* Xenodokheion (BM 134): place for strangers to lodge
* Zygostat&#275;s
+
* Zygostat&#275;s � demosios (BM 317)
  +
 
===Possible and Definite Nicknames===
+
==Possible and Definite Nicknames==
 
 
 
* the Almsgiver (BM 204) John, patriarch of Alexandria
 
* the Almsgiver (BM 204) John, patriarch of Alexandria
Line 1,608: Line 1,610:
 
== Bibliography ==
 
== Bibliography ==
 
Bibliography used (commonly available lists of Emperors and Saints are not mentioned)
 
Bibliography used (commonly available lists of Emperors and Saints are not mentioned)
* Aris, Phillipe and George Duby (general editors) ''A History of Private Life Vol 1 From Pagan Rome to Byzantium'', Paul Veyne (1992) (translated Arthur Goldhammer) Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ISBN 0674399749.
+
* Ari�s, Phillipe and George Duby (general editors) ''A History of Private Life Vol 1 From Pagan Rome to Byzantium'', Paul Veyne (1992) (translated Arthur Goldhammer) Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ISBN 0674399749.
** A very readable account of customs and mors.
+
** A very readable account of customs and mor�s.
 
** citations use PL xxx
 
** citations use PL xxx
 
*Boswell, John (1996) ''The Marriage of Likeness: Same-Sex Unions in Pre-modern Europe'' Fontana Press, London, ISBN 0006863264.
 
*Boswell, John (1996) ''The Marriage of Likeness: Same-Sex Unions in Pre-modern Europe'' Fontana Press, London, ISBN 0006863264.
Line 1,618: Line 1,620:
 
**citations use tb xxxx
 
**citations use tb xxxx
 
* Comnena, Anna (1150) (translated E. R. A. Sewter) ''The Alexiad Penguin Books'', London (this edition 1969), ISBN 0140442154.
 
* Comnena, Anna (1150) (translated E. R. A. Sewter) ''The Alexiad Penguin Books'', London (this edition 1969), ISBN 0140442154.
** A Byzantine Princess, exiled to a convent for plotting against the Emperor, writes a histoory of the Emperor
+
** A Byzantine Princess, exiled to a convent for plotting against the Emperor, writes a histoory of the Emperor�s predecessor - her father). Essential reading for a balanced view of the First Crusade.
 
**citations use AC xxx
 
**citations use AC xxx
  +
*Edwards, Robert W. (1988), The Vale of Kola: A Final Preliminary Report on the Marchlands of Northeast Turkey, pp. 138-140. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 42.
  +
**citations use ER xxx
 
*Hendy, Michael F. (1985) ''Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy c300-1450'' Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521247152
 
*Hendy, Michael F. (1985) ''Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy c300-1450'' Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521247152
 
**citations use BM xxx
 
**citations use BM xxx
Line 1,628: Line 1,632:
 
**Unusual both in dealing with Byzantine women and with the lateness of the portrayal.
 
**Unusual both in dealing with Byzantine women and with the lateness of the portrayal.
 
**citations use BL xxx
 
**citations use BL xxx
*Treharne, R. F. (1982) ''Muir
+
*Treharne, R. F. (1982) ''Muir�s Atlas of Medieval and Modern History'' George Phillip, London, ISBN 0 540 05434 8.
 
**citations us M xx
 
**citations us M xx
  +
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theme_(Byzantine_administrative_unit)#List_of_the_themata
  +
**citations use WI xxx
   
 
== Notes ==
 
== Notes ==
Much of this article is based on an original article by [[Hrolf Herjolfssen]].
+
Much of this article is based on an original article by Hrolf Herjolfssen.
  +
[[Category:byzantine]]

Latest revision as of 22:32, 27 January 2010