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- A Gallo-Roman settlement exists on the site of the present-day city.
- 851CE :: Bruges appears on the historical record. The name is derived from an old Norse word bryggja meaning landing stage or jetty.
- 862CE :: Baldwin I commences the building of the castle on the present site of the Burg.
- 958CE :: The first recorded annual Fair in Bruges.
- 1089CE :: Bruges becomes the capital of Flanders.
- 1127CE :: Count Charles the Good murdered in the Church of Saint Donatian. Building of the first city rampart.
- 1134CE :: The Zwin, an estuarial channel, is created, to maintain Bruges' link with the sea. It will silt up c.1604CE, almost exactly at the end of period.
- 1150CE :: Dirk of Alsace brings Bruges' premier holy relic, the Blood of Christ to the city (now in the Basilica of the Holy Blood, above St.Basil's Chapel, beside the Burg).
- 1245CE :: Foundation of the Beguinage -- the city's prinipal nunnery.
- 1290CE :: Construction of a covered mooring area, on the Market Square, for shipping.
- 1302CE :: Revolt of the citizens against French rule.
- 1350CE :: After the wooden Belfry suffered an accident, it was rebuilt in stone
- 1376-1420CE :: The City Hall is constructed.
- 1384CE :: The city becomes part of the Duchy of Burgundy
- 1427CE :: A bear and a lion are incorporated into the city's coat of arms.