Difference between revisions of "Bruges"

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'''Bruges''' (the '''City of Bridges''') is a [[city]] in northwestern [[Belgium]] that is connected by a [[canal]] to the [[North Sea]].
According to the English language guide published by ''Toerisme Brugge'' in October
 
2004, the short history of the city goes something like this:
 
   
 
According to the [[English]] [[language]] guide published by Toerisme Brugge, October 2004, the short history of the city goes something like this:
* A Gallo-Roman settlement exists on the site of the present-day city.
 
   
 
* A [[Gaul|Gallo]]-[[Roman]] settlement exists on the site of the present-day city.
* 851CE :: '''Bruges''' appears on the historical record.
 
:The name is derived from an old [[Norwegian|Norse]] word '''''bryggja''''' meaning ''landing stage'' or ''jetty''.
+
* 851CE :: '''Bruges''' appears on the historical record. The name is derived from an [[Old Norse]] word ''bryggja'' meaning ''landing stage'' or ''jetty''.
 
* 862CE :: Baldwin I commences the building of the [[castle]] on the present site of the '''Burg'''.
 
 
* 958CE :: The first recorded annual [[Fair]] in Bruges.
862CE :: Baldwin I commences the building of the castle on the present site of the
 
 
* 1089CE :: Bruges becomes the capital of [[Flanders]].
'''Burg'''.
 
 
* 1127CE :: Count Charles the Good murdered in the [[Church]] of [[Saint]] Donatian. Building of the first city [[rampart]].
* 958CE :: The first recorded annual Fair in Bruges.
 
 
* 1134CE :: The ''Zwin'', an estuarial channel, is created, to maintain Bruges' link with the sea. It will silt up c.1604CE, almost exactly at the end of [[period]].
* 1089CE :: Bruges becomes the capital of '''Flanders'''.
 
 
* 1150CE :: Dirk of Alsace brings Bruges' premier holy [[relic]], the [[Blood]] of [[Christ]] to the city (now in the Basilica of the Holy Blood, above St.Basil's Chapel, beside the '''Burg''').
* 1127CE :: Count Charles the Good murdered in the Church of [[Saint]] Donatian. Building of the first city rampart.
 
 
* 1245CE :: Foundation of the ''Beguinage'' -- the city's prinipal [[nunnery]].
* 1134CE :: The '''''Zwin''''', an estuarial channel, is created, to maintain Bruges' link with the sea. It will silt up c.1604CE, almost exactly at the end of [[period]].
 
* 1150CE :: Dirk of Alsace brings Bruges' premier holy relic, the [[Blood]] of [[Christ]] to the city [now in the Basilica of the Holy Blood, above St.Basil's Chapel, beside the '''Burg'''.
 
* 1245CE :: Foundation of the ''Beguinage'' -- the city's prinipal nunnery.
 
 
* 1290CE :: Construction of a covered mooring area, on the Market Square, for shipping.
 
* 1290CE :: Construction of a covered mooring area, on the Market Square, for shipping.
* 1302CE :: revolt of the citizens against French rule.
+
* 1302CE :: Revolt of the citizens against [[France|French]] rule.
  +
* 1350CE :: After the wooden Belfry suffered an accident, it was rebuilt in stone
  +
* 1376-1420CE :: The '''City Hall''' is constructed.
  +
* 1384CE :: The city becomes part of the Duchy of Burgundy, and the Burgundian court frequent the city for over a century.
  +
* 1427CE :: A bear and a lion are incorporated into the city's [[heraldry|coat of arms]].
  +
* 1430CE :: Duke Philip the Good founds the '''Order of the Golden Fleece'''.
  +
* 1468CE :: Marriage of Duke Charles the Bold to Margaret of York
  +
* 1488CE :: Maximilan, Emperor of Austria, pays an extended visit to Bruges. He is held, as a prisoner, in the ''Craenenburg'' on the Market Square.
  +
* 1489CE :: Hans Memling decorates a reliquary of St.Ursula
  +
* c.1500CE :: The Burgundian court left Bruges, never to return.
  +
* 1559CE :: Bruges becomes a [[bishop]]ric.
  +
* 1580CE :: The 'Breaking of the Images' -- an iconoclast fury -- sweeps Bruges and many works of art are lost.
  +
  +
[[Category:Cities (medieval)]]

Latest revision as of 03:04, 1 August 2008

Bruges (the City of Bridges) is a city in northwestern Belgium that is connected by a canal to the North Sea.

According to the English language guide published by Toerisme Brugge, October 2004, the short history of the city goes something like this:

  • A Gallo-Roman settlement exists on the site of the present-day city.
  • 851CE :: Bruges appears on the historical record. The name is derived from an Old Norse word bryggja meaning landing stage or jetty.
  • 862CE :: Baldwin I commences the building of the castle on the present site of the Burg.
  • 958CE :: The first recorded annual Fair in Bruges.
  • 1089CE :: Bruges becomes the capital of Flanders.
  • 1127CE :: Count Charles the Good murdered in the Church of Saint Donatian. Building of the first city rampart.
  • 1134CE :: The Zwin, an estuarial channel, is created, to maintain Bruges' link with the sea. It will silt up c.1604CE, almost exactly at the end of period.
  • 1150CE :: Dirk of Alsace brings Bruges' premier holy relic, the Blood of Christ to the city (now in the Basilica of the Holy Blood, above St.Basil's Chapel, beside the Burg).
  • 1245CE :: Foundation of the Beguinage -- the city's prinipal nunnery.
  • 1290CE :: Construction of a covered mooring area, on the Market Square, for shipping.
  • 1302CE :: Revolt of the citizens against French rule.
  • 1350CE :: After the wooden Belfry suffered an accident, it was rebuilt in stone
  • 1376-1420CE :: The City Hall is constructed.
  • 1384CE :: The city becomes part of the Duchy of Burgundy, and the Burgundian court frequent the city for over a century.
  • 1427CE :: A bear and a lion are incorporated into the city's coat of arms.
  • 1430CE :: Duke Philip the Good founds the Order of the Golden Fleece.
  • 1468CE :: Marriage of Duke Charles the Bold to Margaret of York
  • 1488CE :: Maximilan, Emperor of Austria, pays an extended visit to Bruges. He is held, as a prisoner, in the Craenenburg on the Market Square.
  • 1489CE :: Hans Memling decorates a reliquary of St.Ursula
  • c.1500CE :: The Burgundian court left Bruges, never to return.
  • 1559CE :: Bruges becomes a bishopric.
  • 1580CE :: The 'Breaking of the Images' -- an iconoclast fury -- sweeps Bruges and many works of art are lost.