This includes plaiting, use of a lucet, finger knitting, etc to produce neat cords from a spun fibre.
A lucet is a two pronged inplement that makes some forms of finger knitting much easier. It produces square profiled cords that are quite neat and nifty, and VERY tough (perfect for armour points), but use up a lot of thread to produce. Instructions (including how to make 2 colour and beaded cords) http://www.stringpage.com/old/lucet.html It can also make elliptical cross-section braid using the "twisted-stitch:" method that's pretty good for couching cord - as long as it's made with a fine fibre.
Other forms of braiding include
- Sprang http://www.stringpage.com/old/sprang.html