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From almost the beginning of history, people have kept and bred birds. While falcons and hawks were captured and trained (or retrained in the period practice of reclaiming) for falconry, the noble art of earning a raptor's trust and hunting with raptors, many more species of birds were and have always been kept for their companionship qualities.

These avilculture birds fall into two catagories: domesticated birds (that is, those whom aviculture have managed to shape physically, socially, and psychologically to accept humans in much the same way dogs accept humans) and wild birds raised by humans but retaining all of their wild qualities socially and psychologically.

Domesticated birds include:

Wild birds include:

  • Parrots
  • Wild bird species kept for companionship (that is, all other birds not previously mentioned)

While it has often been assumed that parrots are domesticated, "pet", birds, parrots actually have retained all of their wild qualities after several millenia in contact with humans. In fact the main impact of aviculture on parrots has been the color mutations that aviculturists have fostered. For the most part, the practice of aviculture and the lust humans have had for parrots has often been to their detriment.

History of Companion Birds in Period