Difference between revisions of "Arrow"

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*a shaft (or stele) that may be parallel, barrelled or tapered and for the most part, made of [[wood]].
 
*a shaft (or stele) that may be parallel, barrelled or tapered and for the most part, made of [[wood]].
  
*flights or fletches that are bound along the length of the feathers and before and aft of the same
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*flights or fletches that are bound along the length of the [[feather]]s and before and aft of the same
  
*a nock typically cut into the end of the shaft itself and sometimes set with a horn insert. Some Viking arrows have been found with fitted [[bronze]] nocks but bare no resemblance to modern plastic nocks.
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*a nock typically cut into the end of the shaft itself and sometimes set with a [[horn]] insert. Some Viking arrows have been found with fitted [[bronze]] nocks but rhese bare no resemblance to [[modern]] [[plastic]] nocks.
  
 
The heads can be of many different types. They may be barbed for hunting, bodkins for penetrating some forms of [[armour]] or broadheads for cutting others.
 
The heads can be of many different types. They may be barbed for hunting, bodkins for penetrating some forms of [[armour]] or broadheads for cutting others.
  
The flights for the feathers appear in a number of different shapes, none of which are accurately portayed by modern commercially made fletches. Typical shapes include the stereotypical parallel sided fletches (as a child might draw), curved (a long curve that the modern parabolic seems to be based on but has a deeper leading edge), and after the middle of the 13th century, a triangular shape typically seen in the middle ages. There are some variations on this last shape seen.
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The flights for the [[feather]]s appear in a number of different shapes, none of which are accurately portayed by modern commercially made fletches. Typical shapes include the stereotypical parallel sided fletches (as a child might draw), curved (a long curve that the modern parabolic seems to be based on but has a deeper leading edge), and after the middle of the [[13th century]], a triangular shape typically seen in the [[middle ages]]. There are some variations on this last shape seen.
  
 
{{rpov}}
 
{{rpov}}
'''Arrows''' used for [[archery]] and for [[SCA]] purposes can be divided into two sorts:
 
  
"Sharps" which are used for [[archery|target archery]] and, as such, have sharp [[metal]] tips or heads. The rules relating to target archery arrows are as follows:
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==Arrows in the SCA==
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'''Arrows''' used for [[archery]] and for [[SCA]] purposes can be divided into two types.
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===Sharps===
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These are used for [[archery|target archery]] and, as such, have sharp [[metal]] tips or heads. The rules relating to target archery arrows are as follows:
  
 
* All shafts shall be of [[wood]] or of [[bamboo]]-like materials.
 
* All shafts shall be of [[wood]] or of [[bamboo]]-like materials.
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* Nocks for arrows, and caps, rings, or nocks for bolts may be of any material, provided they are securely attached.
 
* Nocks for arrows, and caps, rings, or nocks for bolts may be of any material, provided they are securely attached.
  
"[[blunt arrows|Blunts]]" which are used solely for [[combat archery]] and are required to meet certain [[safety]] [[laws|standards]]. These include the use of a rubber stop (a 'blunt') instead of a metal head on the arrow, and the shaft must be taped to prevent injuries from splinters should an arrow break in combat. The requirements for the use of arrows in [[combat]] include:
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===Blunts===
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These are used solely for [[combat archery]] and are required to meet certain [[safety]] [[laws|standards]]. These include the use of a rubber stop (a '[[blunt arrows|blunt]]') instead of a metal head on the arrow, and the shaft must be taped to prevent injuries from splinters should an arrow break in combat. The requirements for the use of arrows in [[combat]] include:
  
 
* Padding on the face of a blunt which has compacted under use to less than a half- inch in thickness must be replaced.
 
* Padding on the face of a blunt which has compacted under use to less than a half- inch in thickness must be replaced.
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* The wood has to be one of three specific types (can't remember exactly but includes oak, cedar and ramen) - of a type which doesn't shatter when broken
 
* The wood has to be one of three specific types (can't remember exactly but includes oak, cedar and ramen) - of a type which doesn't shatter when broken
 
* Blunts shall be firmly secured to the shaft so that they cannot come off on impact or if the shaft is broken. All blunts must be secured by at least one strip of 1/2 inch wide (minimum) good quality electrical or strapping tape. This strip shall run over the face of the blunt and down the sides, and onto the shaft for at least one inch. It shall be secured to the shaft by another strip of tape which wraps around it as well as the base of the blunt and the shaft.  
 
* Blunts shall be firmly secured to the shaft so that they cannot come off on impact or if the shaft is broken. All blunts must be secured by at least one strip of 1/2 inch wide (minimum) good quality electrical or strapping tape. This strip shall run over the face of the blunt and down the sides, and onto the shaft for at least one inch. It shall be secured to the shaft by another strip of tape which wraps around it as well as the base of the blunt and the shaft.  
* Maximum allowable draw length (bottom of the nock slot to just behind the blunt) is 28 inches (though this is basically dictated by the length of the arrow). Maximum allowable draw weight is 30pounds of weight at at draw of ?9 inches
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* Maximum allowable draw length (bottom of the nock slot to just behind the blunt) is 28 inches (though this is basically dictated by the length of the arrow). Maximum allowable draw weight is 30 pounds of weight at at draw of ?9 inches
* Metal points must be removed prior to mounting blunt points. The front end of the shaft must be flat, not pointed. The use of metal points or sharp shafts will be considered grounds for removing a fighter from the field and/or revoking his/her authorisation.
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* [[Metal]] points must be removed prior to mounting blunt points. The front end of the shaft must be flat, not pointed. The use of metal points or sharp shafts will be considered grounds for removing a fighter from the field and/or revoking his/her authorisation.
 
* The shaft of the arrow shall be spirally or longitudinally wrapped with plastic tape... totally covering the surface from the front of the fletching to the tip of the shaft. The tape should be strong enough so that if the shaft should break, it will still be held together.
 
* The shaft of the arrow shall be spirally or longitudinally wrapped with plastic tape... totally covering the surface from the front of the fletching to the tip of the shaft. The tape should be strong enough so that if the shaft should break, it will still be held together.
 
* Wood or fiberglass shafted arrows shall be used only after [[inspection]] supervised by a [[marshal]]. [[Archer]]s shall be responsible for re-checking the safety of all arrows at the time of use.
 
* Wood or fiberglass shafted arrows shall be used only after [[inspection]] supervised by a [[marshal]]. [[Archer]]s shall be responsible for re-checking the safety of all arrows at the time of use.
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* Arrows may only be used as missiles launched from a [[bow]]. No arrows shall be used as hand-held thrusting weapons. Such use may be considered grounds for removing a [[fighter]] from the [[field]] and/or revoking his/her [[authorisation]].
 
* Arrows may only be used as missiles launched from a [[bow]]. No arrows shall be used as hand-held thrusting weapons. Such use may be considered grounds for removing a [[fighter]] from the [[field]] and/or revoking his/her [[authorisation]].
 
For further details check your copy of the [[SCA]] [[Marshal's handbook|Missile Combat Rules]].
 
For further details check your copy of the [[SCA]] [[Marshal's handbook|Missile Combat Rules]].
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==Arrows in Re-Enactment==
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Due to the variety of [[metal weapons groups|re-enactment groups]], there is no single standard for arrows. Provided below is a summary of ''some'' examples of their use in re-enactment in different countries.
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===Australia===
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====Target Archery====
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[[archery|Target archery]] is done with modern field, target or bullet points. These are used due to the damage done to targets by broadheads, but at specified times broadheads will be used. Shafts are generally accepted to be of [[wood]], fletched with [[feathers]]. Plastic nocks are tolerated for target archery by many groups but self nocks, with or without horn inserts (for the appropriate time frame) are preferred.
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====Display Arrows====
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'''Display arrows''' despite their name are not soley for display, They are also used for testing arrow penetration and target archery as well as being used for display. In general they use forged heads on wooden shafts, feather fletches (often cut from natural feathers), bound with [[linen]] thread and have appropriate nocks.
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====Combat Archery====
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'''Combat archery blunts''' are used for [[combat archery]]. They use rubber blunts (HTM and Riverhaven MKII style being preferred), on wooden shafts of 11/32nds of an inch diameter and having no greater than 28 inch draw fromthe back of the blunt to the nocking point. The end of the shaft which will be inserted into the rubber blunt shall have it's end rounded and it is recommended that shafts be taped with Scotch 898, or equivalent, fibreglass tape from the base of the fletching to the tip of the shaft.
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====Archery in Combat====
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*Shafts should be regularly oiled to reduce the risk of shattering. *Nocks should be carved from horn or into the wood. (Plastic is currently tolerated, but is not desirable and may be refused in future).
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*Only genuine rubber archery blunts of an approved type (HTM and Riverhaven MKII) are to be used.
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===United Kingdom===
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====Combat Blunts====
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These are used in volleys at the beginning of a battle.
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*Shafts should be regularly oiled to reduce the risk of shattering. Nocks should be carved from horn or into the wood.
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*Only genuine rubber archery blunts of an approved type are to be used.
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====Living History Arrows====
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====Display Arrows====
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'''Display arrows''' despite their name are not soley for display, They are also used for testing arrow penetration and target archery as well as being used for display. In general they use forged heads on wooden shafts, feather fletches (often cut from natural feathers), bound with [[linen]] thread and feature appropriate nocks.

Revision as of 20:26, 2 March 2006