Difference between revisions of "Aragon"

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One of the former [[kingdom]]s of [[Spain]], '''Aragn''' was initially a [[Frank]]ish [[feudal]] [[county]] (Jaca), before becoming a self-proclaimed [[kingdom]], which was united to the kingdom of Pamplona (later Navarre) in 925.
''The following is taken from the'' '''Wikipaedia''' ''text, with expansion'':<br>
 
 
Later split from the kingdom of [[Navarre]], the kingdom of Aragn was re-established in 1035 and lasted through [[period]]. The [[city]] of Zaragoza was conquered from the [[Moor]]s in 1118, to become the capital.
   
 
Among the other Spanish territories of the time, the County of [[Barcelona]] was a particularly powerful rival of Aragon's, ruling Valencia, the Balearics and parts of modern [[France]]. But, because of the [[dynasty|dynastic]] union of a [[Count]] of Barcelona (Ramon Berenguer IV) with a [[Queen]] of Aragn (Petronila), with their son inheriting all their respective territories, Aragn became the name of the joint [[crown]], although the two components maintained cultural separations.
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One of the former [[kingdom]]s of [[Spain]], '''Aragn''' was initially a Frankish feudal county (Jaca), before becoming a self-proclaimed kingdom, which was united to the kingdom of Pamplona (later Navarre) in 925. <br>
 
Later split from the kingdom of '''[[Navarre]]''', the kingdom of Aragn was re-established in 1035 and lasted through [[period]]. The city of '''Zaragoza''' was conquered from the [[Moor]]s in 1118, to become the capital.
 
   
 
This Crown was effectively disbanded after the dynastic union with [[Castile]] in 1479, when [[Ferdinand V]] of Aragon married Isabella of Castile (Their daughter, [[Catherine of Aragon]], was to be the ill-fated bride of [[Henry VIII]] of [[England]], after the early death of his brother, Prince Arthur). It was under Ferdinand and Isabella that the last of the Moors were expelled from Granada, and this exodus of [[Muslim]]s and [[Jew]]s left the peninusla to the [[Catholic Church|Catholics]].
Among the other Spanish territories of the time, the County of '''Barcelona''' was a particularly powerful rival of Aragon's, ruling Valencia, the Balearics and parts of modern [[France]]. But, because of the dynastic union of a Count of [[Barcelona]] (Ramon Berenguer IV) with a Queen of Aragn (Petronila), with their son inheriting all their respective territories, Aragn became the name of the joint crown, although the two compnenets maintained cultural separations. <br>
 
This Crown was effectively disbanded after the dynastic union with '''[[Castile]]''' in 1479, when Ferdinand V of Aragon married Isabella of Castile (Their daughter, '''Catherine of Aragon''', was to be the ill-fated bride of '''Henry VIII''' of [[England]], after the early death of his brother, Prince '''Arthur'''). It was under Ferdinand and Isabella that the last of the Moors were expelled from '''Granada''', and this exodus of [[Muslim]]s and [[Jew]]s left the peninusla to the [[Catholic Church|Catholics]].
 
   
The Kings of Aragn (called by some present-day historians "Catalan Kings of Aragn", "Catalan Kings", "Count-Kings", or "Counts of Barcelona and Kings of Aragn" so that the role played by '''Catalonia''' in the crown is not ignored inadvertently) ruled territories that consisted of not only the present administrative region of Aragn but also Catalonia, and later the Balearic Islands, '''Valencia''', '''Sicily''', '''[[Naples]]''' and '''Sardinia'''.
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The Kings of Aragn (called by some present-day historians "Catalan Kings of Aragn", "Catalan Kings", "Count-Kings", or "Counts of Barcelona and Kings of Aragn" so that the role played by Catalonia in the crown is not ignored inadvertently) ruled territories that consisted of not only the present administrative region of Aragn but also Catalonia, and later the Balearic Islands, Valencia, [[Sicily]], [[Naples]] and [[Sardinia]].
   
The King of Aragn was the direct [[King]] of the Aragonese region, and held also the title of King of Valencia, King of Mallorca (for a time), [[Count]] of Barcelona, Lord of Montpellier, and, only temporally, Duke of Athens and Neopatria. Each of these titles gave him sovereignty over a certain region, and these titles changed as he lost and won territories.
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The King of Aragn was the direct King of the Aragonese region, and held also the title of King of Valencia, King of Mallorca (for a time), Count of Barcelona, Lord of Montpellier, and, only temporally, [[Duke]] of [[Athens]] and Neopatria. Each of these titles gave him [[sovereignty]] over a certain region, and these [[title]]s changed as he lost and won territories.
   
The real centre of this kingdom was Barcelona, since it had a seaport and was near the geographical centre of the Crown of Aragon, while Valencia was the most important seaport for trade until approximately the 18th century. Present-day historians usually call the Crown the "Crown of Aragn", the "Catalan-Aragonese Confederation" or simply "Catalonia-Aragn", many times depending on whether that historian lives in Aragn or in Catalonia. The Kingdom of Aragn is called simply Kingdom of Aragn. Saying just "Aragn" is ambiguous and should be avoided. Barcelona was the center of what was in many ways a Mediterranean Empire, ruling the Mediterranean Sea and setting rules for the entire sea (for instance, in the ''Llibre del Consolat del Mar'', in Catalan).
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The real centre of this kingdom was Barcelona, since it had a seaport and was near the geographical centre of the Crown of Aragon, while Valencia was the most important seaport for trade until approximately the [[18th century]]. Present-day historians usually call the Crown the "Crown of Aragn", the "Catalan-Aragonese Confederation" or simply "Catalonia-Aragn", many times depending on whether that historian lives in Aragn or in Catalonia. The Kingdom of Aragn is called simply Kingdom of Aragn. Saying just "Aragn" is ambiguous and should be avoided. Barcelona was the center of what was in many ways a Mediterranean Empire, ruling the Mediterranean Sea and setting rules for the entire sea (for instance, in the ''Libre del Consolat del Mar'', in Catalan).
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''The contents of this page was originally largely taken from the [[Wikipedia]] text, with some expansion''

Revision as of 09:53, 15 September 2005