At the beginning of the 6th century England was populated by Brythonic Celts and a migrant population of Angles, Saxons and Danes. These groups gradually encroached, supported by further immigration from mainland Europe, displacing the British population. With the remnants of Celtic power pushed to the west in Wales, Cumbria and Cornwall, numerous Anglo-Saxon kingdoms began to emerge. The seven most powerful, known as the Heptarchy, were successively united by war, until in 829 Egbert was named King of all England.
- 410-650 - Early Anglo-Saxon Period
- 650-800 - Middle Anglo-Saxon Period
- 800-1066 - Late Anglo-Saxon England
Main article: Old English
Main article: Old English Names
Arts and Sciences
Music and poetry
Main article: Anglo-Saxon Poetry
Main article: Anglo-Saxon clothing
Most of what is known about Anglo-Saxon clothing has been learned through manuscripts and archaeological finds. In appearance it seems very similar to contemporary continental clothing. Wool and common natural colours predominated, although for the upper classes more exotic dyes and fabrics were often used.
Equipment for Combat
Main article: Saxon fighting kit