Difference between revisions of "17th century"

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The years 1800 to 1899 inclusively.
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'''Events'''
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* The [[Thirty Years' War]] in [[Europe]] (1618-1648).
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* Union of the Crowns of [[Scotland]] and [[England]]
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* [[Scotland|Scottish]] and [[England|English]] [[Protestantism|Protestants]] sent to colonize [[Ireland]], as reaction to [[Catholicism]] there
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* The [[English Civil War]] ([[1642]]-[[1651]]).
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* [[The Deluge]]: series of wars and civil wars in [[Poland]] with [[Sweden]], [[Russia]], [[Prussia]] and [[Transylvania]] which caused Poland to lose power status and began rise of Russia to power status.
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* [[Antwerp]] merchants established the [[Dutch East India Company]] in [[1602]], embarking on colonial expansion based on shareholdership rather than royal control.
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* The Dutch republic became the dominant economic and political power in [[Europe]]. It also underwent crashes, e.g. the ''windhandel'' in tulips led to many bankruptcies in [[1637]].
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* Republic of the Seven United [[Netherlands]] gains formal independence from [[Spain]] in [[1648]]. Dutch merchant ships sail all over the world, leading to a Golden Age in the country, which also shows by the many famous Dutch painters living in this age.
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* Major changes in philosophy and science take place, often characterised as the [[Scientific revolution]].
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'''Significant people'''
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* [[William Shakespeare]], author and poet.
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* [[Isaac Newton]], physicist and mathematician.
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* [[Gottfried Leibniz]], philosopher and mathematician.
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* [[Galileo|Galileo Galilei]], scientist.
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* [[Rene Descartes|René Descartes]], philosopher and mathematician.
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* [[Blaise Pascal]], theologian, mathematician and physicist.
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* [[Baruch Spinoza]], philosopher.
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* [[Thomas Hobbes]], philosopher.
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* [[John Locke]], philosopher.
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* [[Oliver Cromwell]], Lord Protector of England.
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* [[Christina of Sweden]], high profile catholic convert, matron of arts.
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* Sir [[Thomas Browne]] author, philosopher and scientist
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'''Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions'''
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* [[Calculus]] is invented and used to formulate [[classical mechanics]].
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* [[Cannon]] and [[gunpowder]] technology refined.

Revision as of 13:53, 17 September 2003

Events

Significant people

Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions